10י׳
1 א

שְׁבִיעִית, מְשַׁמֶּטֶת אֶת הַמִּלְוָה בִּשְׁטָר וְשֶׁלֹּא בִשְׁטָר. הַקָּפַת הַחֲנוּת, אֵינָהּ מְשַׁמֶּטֶת, וְאִם עֲשָׂאָהּ מִלְוָה, הֲרֵי זֶה מְשַׁמֵּט. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, הָרִאשׁוֹן הָרִאשׁוֹן מְשַׁמֵּט. שְׂכַר שָׂכִיר, אֵינוֹ מְשַׁמֵּט, וְאִם עֲשָׂאוֹ מִלְוָה, הֲרֵי זֶה מְשַׁמֵּט. רַבִּי יוֹסֵי אוֹמֵר, כָּל מְלָאכָה שֶׁפּוֹסֶקֶת בַּשְּׁבִיעִית, מְשַׁמֶּטֶת, וְשֶׁאֵינָהּ פּוֹסֶקֶת בַּשְּׁבִיעִית, אֵינָהּ מְשַׁמֶּטֶת:

The Sabbatical year cancels a loan [that was made] with a contract and [a loan that was made] without a contract. Store credit is not cancelled, but if it was made into a loan, it is canceled. Rabbi Yehudah says, the previous [of each subsequent purchase on credit] is cancelled. Wages owed to a worker are not canceled, but if it was made into a loan, it is canceled. Rabbi Yossi says, any type of work which must pause during the Sabbatical year, [wages owed for that work] are cancelled. But any work which need not pause during the Sabbatical year, [wages owed for that work] are not canceled.

2 ב

הַשּׁוֹחֵט אֶת הַפָּרָה וְחִלְּקָהּ בְּרֹאשׁ הַשָּׁנָה, אִם הָיָה הַחֹדֶשׁ מְעֻבָּר, מְשַׁמֵּט. וְאִם לָאו, אֵינוֹ מְשַׁמֵּט. הָאוֹנֵס, וְהַמְפַתֶּה, וְהַמּוֹצִיא שֵׁם רָע, וְכָל מַעֲשֵׂה בֵית דִּין, אֵין מְשַׁמְּטִין. הַמַּלְוֶה עַל הַמַּשְׁכּוֹן, וְהַמּוֹסֵר שְׁטָרוֹתָיו לְבֵית דִּין, אֵינָן מְשַׁמְּטִין:

If one slaughters a cow and distributes it [to others] on [the post-Sabbatical] Rosh Hashanah [New Year's festival], if the [previous] month was full then [the debt owed the slaughterer is] canceled. [The fines for] rape, seduction, Motzi Shem Ra [husband who falsely accuses his bride of not having been a virgin], and any judicial court matter are not canceled. One who lends on collateral, and one who entrusts his contracts to the judicial court, [those loans] are not canceled.

3 ג

פְּרוֹזְבּוּל, אֵינוֹ מְשַׁמֵּט. זֶה אֶחָד מִן הַדְּבָרִים שֶׁהִתְקִין הִלֵּל הַזָּקֵן, כְּשֶׁרָאָה שֶׁנִּמְנְעוּ הָעָם מִלְּהַלְווֹת זֶה אֶת זֶה וְעוֹבְרִין עַל מַה שֶּׁכָּתוּב בַּתּוֹרָה (דברים טו) הִשָּׁמֶר לְךָ פֶּן יִהְיֶה דָבָר עִם לְבָבְךָ בְּלִיַּעַל וְגוֹ', הִתְקִין הִלֵּל לַפְּרוֹזְבּוּל:

[Any loan made with a] Pruzbul [court exemption from the Sabbatical year cancellation of a loan] is not canceled. This is one of the matters that Hillel the elder instituted. When he observed that the nation withheld from lending to each other and were transgressing what is written in the Torah (Deuteronomy 15:9): "Beware lest there be in your mind a base thought," he instituted the Pruzbul.

4 ד

זֶהוּ גוּפוֹ שֶׁל פְּרוֹזְבּוּל. מוֹסֵר אֲנִי לָכֶם אִישׁ פְּלוֹנִי וּפְלוֹנִי הַדַּיָּנִים שֶׁבְּמָקוֹם פְּלוֹנִי, שֶׁכָּל חוֹב שֶׁיֶּשׁ לִי, שֶׁאֶגְבֶּנּוּ כָּל זְמַן שֶׁאֶרְצֶה. וְהַדַּיָּנִים חוֹתְמִין לְמַטָּה, אוֹ הָעֵדִים:

This is the body of the Pruzbul: "I entrust to you, so-and-so and so-and-so, who judge in such-and-such place, that any loan that I have, I may collect it any time that I wish." And the judges affix their signatures below, or the witnesses.

5 ה

פְּרוֹזְבּוּל הַמֻּקְדָּם, כָּשֵׁר, וְהַמְאֻחָר, פָּסוּל. שִׁטְרֵי חוֹב הַמֻּקְדָּמִים, פְּסוּלִים, וְהַמְאֻחָרִים, כְּשֵׁרִים. אֶחָד לֹוֶה מֵחֲמִשָּׁה, כּוֹתֵב פְּרוֹזְבּוּל לְכָל אֶחָד וְאֶחָד. חֲמִשָּׁה לֹוִין מֵאֶחָד, אֵינוֹ כוֹתֵב אֶלָּא פְּרוֹזְבּוּל אֶחָד לְכֻלָּם:

A predated Pruzbul is effective, but a postdated one is ineffective. Loan-documents which are predated are ineffective, but postdated ones are effective. If one borrows from five different people, a Pruzbul must be written for each [of the lenders] individually. If five borrow from one person, only one Pruzbul may be written for all of them.

6 ו

אֵין כּוֹתְבִין פְּרוֹזְבּוּל אֶלָּא עַל הַקַּרְקַע. אִם אֵין לוֹ, מְזַכֶּה הוּא בְּתוֹךְ שָׂדֵהוּ כָּל שֶׁהוּא. הָיְתָה לוֹ שָׂדֶה מְמֻשְׁכֶּנֶת בָּעִיר, כּוֹתְבִין עָלֶיהָ פְּרוֹזְבּוּל. רַבִּי חֻצְפִּית אוֹמֵר, כּוֹתְבִין לָאִישׁ עַל נִכְסֵי אִשְׁתּוֹ, וְלַיְתוֹמִים עַל נִכְסֵי אַפּוֹטְרוֹפִּין:

A Pruzbul must be written with land [as collateral]. If he [the borrower] does not own [land], he [the lender] should give him [the borrower] any amount from his field. If he has a field under lien in a city; a Pruzbul may be written with it. Rabbi Chutzpit says, we may write one for a man with the property of his wife [as collateral]; or for orphans with the property of their guardian.

7 ז

כַּוֶּרֶת דְּבוֹרִים, רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר אוֹמֵר, הֲרֵי הִיא כְקַרְקַע, וְכוֹתְבִין עָלֶיהָ פְּרוֹזְבּוּל, וְאֵינָהּ מְקַבֶּלֶת טֻמְאָה בִּמְקוֹמָהּ, וְהָרוֹדֶה מִמֶּנָּה בְּשַׁבָּת חַיָּב. וַחֲכָמִים אוֹמְרִים, אֵינָהּ כְּקַרְקַע, וְאֵין כּוֹתְבִין עָלֶיהָ פְּרוֹזְבּוּל, וּמְקַבֶּלֶת טֻמְאָה בִּמְקוֹמָהּ, וְהָרוֹדֶה מִמֶּנָּה בְּשַׁבָּת, פָּטוּר:

A beehive, says Rabbi Eliezer, is like land, and one may write a Pruzbul upon it, and it does not contract impurity in its place, and one who detaches [honey] from it on Shabbat is liable. The Rabbis say it is not like land and one may not write a Pruzbul upon it, and it does contract impurity in its place, and one who detaches [honey] from it on Shabbat is exempt.

8 ח

הַמַּחֲזִיר חוֹב בַּשְּׁבִיעִית, יֹאמַר לוֹ מְשַׁמֵּט אָנִי. אָמַר לוֹ אַף עַל פִּי כֵן, יְקַבֵּל מִמֶּנּוּ, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (דברים טו) וְזֶה דְּבַר הַשְּׁמִטָּה. כַּיּוֹצֵא בוֹ, רוֹצֵחַ שֶׁגָּלָה לְעִיר מִקְלָט וְרָצוּ אַנְשֵׁי הָעִיר לְכַבְּדוֹ, יֹאמַר לָהֶם, רוֹצֵחַ אָנִי. אָמְרוּ לוֹ, אַף עַל פִּי כֵן, יְקַבֵּל מֵהֶם, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (שם יט) וְזֶה דְּבַר הָרוֹצֵחַ:

If [a borrower] returns the loan during the Sabbatical year, [the lender] should say to him, "I cancel the debt." If [the borrower] says, "nevertheless," the lender may accept it from him, as it says (Deuteronomy 15:2), "This is the word of the Sabbatical." Similarly, a murderer who is exiled to an Ir Miklat [city of refuge for accidental murderers], and the inhabitants of the city wish to accord him honor; he should say to them, "I am a murderer." If they say, "nevertheless," he may accept it from them, as it says, "This is the word of the murderer."

9 ט

הַמַּחֲזִיר חוֹב בַּשְּׁבִיעִית, רוּחַ חֲכָמִים נוֹחָה מִמֶּנּוּ. הַלֹּוֶה מִן הַגֵּר שֶׁנִּתְגַּיְּרוּ בָנָיו עִמּוֹ, לֹא יַחֲזִיר לְבָנָיו. וְאִם הֶחֱזִיר, רוּחַ חֲכָמִים נוֹחָה מִמֶּנּוּ. כָּל הַמִּטַּלְטְלִין, נִקְנִין בִּמְשִׁיכָה. וְכָל הַמְקַיֵּם אֶת דְּבָרוֹ, רוּחַ חֲכָמִים נוֹחָה מִמֶּנּוּ:

One who returns the loan during the Sabbatical year, the spirit of the Sages is pleased by him. One who borrows from a convert whose family converted with him, need not repay his children. But if he did repay, the spirit of the Sages is pleased by him. All movable property is acquired through taking physical possession, but anyone who fulfills his word, the spirit of the Sages is pleased by him.