17י״ז
1 א

כָּל הַכֵּלִים נִטָּלִין בְּשַׁבָּת וְדַלְתוֹתֵיהֶן עִמָּהֶן, אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁנִּתְפָּרְקוּ בְשַׁבָּת. שֶׁאֵינָן דּוֹמִין לְדַלְתוֹת הַבַּיִת, לְפִי שֶׁאֵינָן מִן הַמּוּכָן:

All vessels may be moved on Shabbat, and their doors, which are part of these vessels, along with them, even if they were dismantled on Shabbat, as the doors of these vessels are unlike the doors of the house. It is prohibited to make use of the doors of a house on Shabbat, even if they were removed from the entrance, because they are not prepared from before Shabbat.

2 ב

נוֹטֵל אָדָם קֻרְנָס לְפַצֵּעַ בּוֹ אֶת הָאֱגוֹזִים, וְקֻרְדֹּם לַחְתֹּךְ אֶת הַדְּבֵלָה. מְגֵרָה, לִגְרֹר בָּהּ אֶת הַגְּבִינָה. מַגְרֵפָה, לִגְרֹף בָּהּ אֶת הַגְּרוֹגָרוֹת. אֶת הָרַחַת וְאֶת הַמַּזְלֵג, לָתֵת עָלָיו לְקָטָן. אֶת הַכּוּשׁ וְאֶת הַכַּרְכָּר, לִתְחֹב בּוֹ. מַחַט שֶׁל יָד, לִטֹּל בּוֹ אֶת הַקּוֹץ, וְשֶׁל סַקָּאִים, לִפְתֹּחַ בּוֹ אֶת הַדָּלֶת:

Likewise a person may move a mallet, which is generally used for labor prohibited on Shabbat, to crack nuts with it. Likewise, one may move an axe, a tool generally used to chop wood, to cut a cake of figs with it. So too, one may move a saw to cut cheese with it. Similarly, one may move a spade to scoop dried figs with it. One may also move a winnowing shovel and a pitchfork, both of which are designated for use with crops in a barn, to place food on it for a child. One is likewise permitted to take a reed or a shuttle from a spindle, ordinarily used for weaving, in order to insert it into food like a fork. One is permitted to move an ordinary hand needle used for sewing clothes to extract a thorn with it, and one may move a sack maker’s needle to open the door with it.

3 ג

קָנֶה שֶׁל זֵיתִים, אִם יֵשׁ קֶשֶׁר בְּרֹאשׁוֹ, מְקַבֵּל טֻמְאָה, וְאִם לָאו, אֵין מְקַבֵּל טֻמְאָה. בֵּין כָּךְ וּבֵין כָּךְ, נִטָּל בְּשַׁבָּת:

A reed that is used for turning olives in a bundle, if there is a cork-like knot at the top of it, it can become ritually impure as a vessel, and if not, it cannot become ritually impure, because it is not a vessel. In either case, it may be moved on Shabbat for use in a permitted action.

4 ד

רַבִּי יוֹסֵי אוֹמֵר, כָּל הַכֵּלִים נִטָּלִין, חוּץ מִן הַמַּסָּר הַגָּדוֹל וְיָתֵד שֶׁל מַחֲרֵשָׁה. כָּל הַכֵּלִים נִטָּלִין לְצֹרֶךְ וְשֶׁלֹּא לְצֹרֶךְ. רַבִּי נְחֶמְיָה אוֹמֵר, אֵין נִטָּלִין אֶלָּא לְצֹרֶךְ:

Rabbi Yosei says: All utensils may be moved on Shabbat except for a large saw and the blade of a plow. Since they must be sharp and ready for use and there is concern that they might be damaged, one sets them aside from his consciousness and they may not be used for any other purpose. All vessels may be moved for a specific purpose and not for a specific purpose. Rabbi Neḥemya says: Vessels may only be moved for a specific purpose.

5 ה

כָּל הַכֵּלִים הַנִּטָּלִין בְּשַׁבָּת, שִׁבְרֵיהֶן נִטָּלִין עִמָּהֶן, וּבִלְבַד שֶׁיִּהְיוּ עוֹשִׂין מֵעֵין מְלָאכָה. שִׁבְרֵי עֲרֵבָה, לְכַסּוֹת בָּהֶן אֶת פִּי הֶחָבִית. שִׁבְרֵי זְכוּכִית, לְכַסּוֹת בָּהֶן אֶת פִּי הַפָּךְ. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, וּבִלְבַד שֶׁיִּהְיוּ עוֹשִׂין מֵעֵין מְלַאכְתָּן. שִׁבְרֵי עֲרֵבָה, לִצּוֹק לְתוֹכָן מִקְפָּה. וְשֶׁל זְכוּכִית לִצּוֹק לְתוֹכָן שָׁמֶן:

All vessels that may be moved on Shabbat, their shards may be moved along with them, as long as they are suited for some purpose. Shards of a large bowl may be used to cover the mouth of a barrel. Shards of a glass vessel may be used to cover the mouth of a cruse. Rabbi Yehuda says: As long as they are suited for a purpose similar to their original use. Shards of a large bowl must be suited to pour soup into them, and shards of a glass vessel must be suited to pour oil into them.

6 ו

הָאֶבֶן שֶׁבְּקֵרוּיָה, אִם מְמַלְּאִין בָּהּ וְאֵינָהּ נוֹפֶלֶת, מְמַלְּאִין בָּהּ. וְאִם לָאו, אֵין מְמַלְּאִין בָּהּ. זְמוֹרָה שֶׁהִיא קְשׁוּרָה בְטָפִיחַ, מְמַלְּאִין בָּהּ בְּשַׁבָּת:

A stone that is in a gourd used to draw water [kiruya], if they fill it with water and the stone does not fall, one may fill with it on Shabbat, and if not, and the stone does fall, one may not fill with it. With regard to a vine branch that is tied to a pitcher, one may fill water with it on Shabbat because the branch became part of the vessel.

7 ז

פְּקַק הַחַלּוֹן, רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר אוֹמֵר, בִּזְמַן שֶׁהוּא קָשׁוּר וְתָלוּי, פּוֹקְקִין בּוֹ, וְאִם לָאו, אֵין פּוֹקְקִין בּוֹ. וַחֲכָמִים אוֹמְרִים, בֵּין כָּךְ וּבֵין כָּךְ פּוֹקְקִין בּוֹ:

With regard to a window shutter, Rabbi Eliezer says: When it is tied to and hanging from the window, i.e., it is not touching the ground, one may shutter the window with it, because it is not considered building; and if not, i.e., it is touching the ground, one may not shutter the window with it. And the Rabbis say: Both in this case and in that case one may shutter with it.

8 ח

כָּל כִּסּוּיֵי הַכֵּלִים שֶׁיֵּשׁ לָהֶם בֵּית אֲחִיזָה נִטָּלִים בְּשַׁבָּת. אָמַר רַבִּי יוֹסֵי, בַּמֶּה דְבָרִים אֲמוּרִים. בְּכִסּוּי קַרְקַע, אֲבָל בְּכִסּוּי הַכֵּלִים, בֵּין כָּךְ וּבֵין כָּךְ נִטָּלִים בְּשַׁבָּת:

All covers of vessels that have a handle may be moved on Shabbat. Rabbi Yosei said: In what case is this statement said? In the case of a cover for the ground, i.e., the cover of a pit; however, with regard to covers of vessels, both in this case and in that case, even if they do not have handles, they may be moved on Shabbat.