2ב׳
1 א

הַתְּרוּמָה, וּתְרוּמַת מַעֲשֵׂר שֶׁל דְּמַאי, הַחַלָּה וְהַבִּכּוּרִים, עוֹלִים בְּאֶחָד וּמֵאָה, וּמִצְטָרְפִין זֶה עִם זֶה, וְצָרִיךְ לְהָרִים. הָעָרְלָה וְכִלְאֵי הַכֶּרֶם, עוֹלִים בְּאֶחָד וּמָאתַיִם, וּמִצְטָרְפִין זֶה עִם זֶה, וְאֵין צָרִיךְ לְהָרִים. רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן אוֹמֵר, אֵינָן מִצְטָרְפִין. רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר אוֹמֵר, מִצְטָרְפִין בְּנוֹתֵן טַעַם, אֲבָל לֹא לֶאֱסֹר:

Terumah, terumat maaser of demai, hallah and bikkurim, are neutralized in a hundred-and-one mixture. And they are reckoned together [to form the statutory minimum]. And it is necessary to remove [from the mixture an amount equal to that of the consecrated produce contained in it]. Orlah and kilayim of the vineyard are neutralized in a two-hundred-and-one mixture. And they are reckoned together [to form the statutory minimum]. But it is not necessary to remove [from the mixture an amount equal to that of the consecrated produce contained in it]. Rabbi Shimon says: they are not reckoned together. Rabbi Eliezer says: they are reckoned together when they impart flavor, but not to prohibit.

2 ב

הַתְּרוּמָה מַעֲלָה אֶת הָעָרְלָה, וְהָעָרְלָה אֶת הַתְּרוּמָה. כֵּיצַד, סְאָה תְרוּמָה שֶׁנָּפְלָה לְמֵאָה, וְאַחַר כָּךְ נָפְלוּ שְׁלֹשָׁה קַבִּין עָרְלָה, אוֹ שְׁלֹשָׁה קַבִּין כִּלְאֵי הַכֶּרֶם, זוֹ הִיא שֶׁהַתְּרוּמָה מַעֲלָה אֶת הָעָרְלָה וְהָעָרְלָה אֶת הַתְּרוּמָה:

Terumah can void orlah, and orlah can void terumah. How so? [For instance] a seah of terumah fell into one hundred, and afterwards three kavs of orlah or three kavs of mixed-seeds of the vineyard [fell in]. This is [an instance] where terumah goes towards neutralizing orlah, and orlah terumah.

3 ג

הָעָרְלָה מַעֲלָה אֶת הַכִּלְאַיִם, וְהַכִּלְאַיִם אֶת הָעָרְלָה, וְהָעָרְלָה אֶת הָעָרְלָה. כֵּיצַד, סְאָה עָרְלָה שֶׁנָּפְלָה לְמָאתַיִם, וְאַחַר כָּךְ נָפְלָה סְאָה וְעוֹד עָרְלָה, אוֹ סְאָה וְעוֹד שֶׁל כִּלְאֵי הַכֶּרֶם, זוֹ הִיא שֶׁהָעָרְלָה מַעֲלָה אֶת הַכִּלְאַיִם, וְהַכִּלְאַיִם אֶת הָעָרְלָה, וְהָעָרְלָה אֶת הָעָרְלָה:

Orlah can void kilayim, and kilayim [can void] orlah, and orlah [can void] orlah. How so? A seah of orlah falls into two hundred [seahs] and afterwards there falls in a seah and a little bit more of orlah, or a seah and a little bit more of kilayim of the vineyard--this is [a case] where orlah can void kilayim, and kilayim [can void] orlah, and orlah [can void] orlah.

4 ד

כָּל הַמְחַמֵּץ וְהַמְתַבֵּל וְהַמְדַמֵּעַ בַּתְּרוּמָה וּבָעָרְלָה וּבְכִלְאֵי הַכֶּרֶם, אָסוּר. וּבֵית שַׁמַּאי אוֹמְרִים, אַף מְטַמֵּא. וּבֵית הִלֵּל אוֹמְרִים, לְעוֹלָם אֵינוֹ מְטַמֵּא עַד שֶׁיְּהֵא בּוֹ כַּבֵּיצָה:

Whatever causes something to ferment, or seasons, or makes medumma with terumah, with orlah or with ‘mixed-seeds’ of the vineyard, is prohibited. Bet Shammai says: it also renders unclean. But Bet Hillel says: it never renders unclean unless it has the volume of an egg.

5 ה

דּוֹסְתַּאי אִישׁ כְּפַר יִתְמָה, הָיָה מִתַּלְמִידֵי בֵית שַׁמַּאי, וְאָמַר, שָׁמַעְתִּי מִשַּׁמַּאי הַזָּקֵן שֶׁאָמַר, לְעוֹלָם אֵינוֹ מְטַמֵּא עַד שֶׁיְּהֵא בּוֹ כַּבֵּיצָה:

Dostai of Kefar Yitmah was one of the disciples of Bet Shammai, and he said, “I received a tradition from Shammai the elder who said: “It never renders unclean unless it contains the volume of an egg.”

6 ו

וּלְמָה אָמְרוּ כָּל הַמְחַמֵּץ וְהַמְתַבֵּל וְהַמְדַמֵּעַ לְהַחֲמִיר, מִין בְּמִינוֹ. לְהָקֵל וּלְהַחֲמִיר, מִין בְּשֶׁאֵינוֹ מִינוֹ. כֵּיצַד, שְׂאֹר שֶׁל חִטִּים שֶׁנָּפַל לְתוֹךְ עִסַּת חִטִּים, וְיֵשׁ בּוֹ כְדֵי לְחַמֵּץ, בֵּין שֶׁיֵּשׁ בּוֹ לַעֲלוֹת בְּאֶחָד וּמֵאָה וּבֵין שֶׁאֵין בּוֹ לַעֲלוֹת בְּאֶחָד וּמֵאָה, אָסוּר. אֵין בּוֹ לַעֲלוֹת בְּמֵאָה וְאֶחָד, בֵּין שֶׁיֵּשׁ בּוֹ כְדֵי לְחַמֵּץ, בֵּין שֶׁאֵין בּוֹ כְדֵי לְחַמֵּץ, אָסוּר:

Concerning what did they say: “Anything that causes fermentation or seasons or which renders medumma we rule stringently”? [In the case of] a species [mixed] with its [like] species. [When did they say] “we rule [sometimes] leniently and [sometimes] stringently”? [In the case of] a species [mixed] with a different kind of species. How so? If leaven of wheat fell into dough of wheat and there is enough to cause fermentation, [then] whether there is enough to become neutralized in one-hundred-and-one, or there is not enough to become neutralized in one-hundred-and-one, it is prohibited. If there is not enough to become neutralized in one-hundred-and-one, [then] whether there is enough to cause fermentation, or there is not enough to cause fermentation, it is prohibited.

7 ז

לְהָקֵל וּלְהַחֲמִיר מִין בְּשֶׁאֵינוֹ מִינוֹ, כֵּיצַד. כְּגוֹן גְּרִיסִין שֶׁנִּתְבַּשְּׁלוּ עִם עֲדָשִׁים, וְיֵשׁ בָּהֶם בְּנוֹתֵן טַעַם, בֵּין שֶׁיֵּשׁ בָּהֶם לַעֲלוֹת בְּאֶחָד וּמֵאָה, וּבֵין שֶׁאֵין בָּהֶם לַעֲלוֹת בְּאֶחָד וּמֵאָה, אָסוּר. אֵין בָּהֶם בְּנוֹתֵן טַעַם, בֵּין שֶׁיֵּשׁ בָּהֶם לַעֲלוֹת בְּאֶחָד וּמֵאָה, וּבֵין שֶׁאֵין בָּהֶם לַעֲלוֹת בְּאֶחָד וּמֵאָה, מֻתָּר:

[We rule sometimes] leniently and [sometimes] stringently, [in the case of] a species [mixed] with a different kind of species. How so? If crushed beans were boiled together with lentils, and there is enough of them [the crushed beans] to impart flavor, [then] whether there is enough to become neutralized in one-hundred-and-one, or there is not enough to become neutralized in one-hundred-and-one, it is prohibited. [But] if there is not enough to impart flavor, [then] whether there is enough to become neutralized in one-hundred-and-one, or there is not enough to become neutralized in one-hundred-and-one, [the mixture] is permitted.

8 ח

שְׂאֹר שֶׁל חֻלִּין שֶׁנָּפַל לְתוֹךְ עִסָּה, וְיֵשׁ בּוֹ כְּדֵי לְחַמֵּץ, וְאַחַר כָּךְ נָפַל שְׂאֹר שֶׁל תְּרוּמָה, אוֹ שְׂאֹר שֶׁל כִּלְאֵי הַכֶּרֶם, וְיֵשׁ בּוֹ כְדֵי לְחַמֵּץ, אָסוּר:

If leaven of hullin has fallen into dough, and there was enough of it to cause fermentation, and after that leaven of terumah fell in or leaven of kilayim of the vineyard, and there is enough to cause fermentation, [the dough] is prohibited.

9 ט

שְׂאֹר שֶׁל חֻלִּין שֶׁנָּפַל לְתוֹךְ עִסָּה וְחִמְּצָהּ, וְאַחַר כָּךְ נָפַל שְׂאֹר שֶׁל תְּרוּמָה אוֹ שְׂאֹר שֶׁל כִּלְאֵי הַכֶּרֶם, וְיֵשׁ בּוֹ כְדֵי לְחַמֵּץ, אָסוּר. רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן מַתִּיר:

If leaven of hullin has fallen into dough and caused it to ferment, and after that there fell in leaven of terumah or of kilayim of the vineyard, and there was enough to cause fermentation, [the dough] is prohibited. But Rabbi Shimon permits it.

10 י

תְּבָלִין, שְׁנַיִם וּשְׁלֹשָׁה שֵׁמוֹת מִמִּין אֶחָד, אוֹ מִשְּׁלֹשָׁה, אָסוּר, וּמִצְטָרְפִין. רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן אוֹמֵר, שְׁנַיִם וּשְׁלֹשָׁה שֵׁמוֹת מִמִּין אֶחָד, אוֹ שְׁנֵי מִינִין מִשֵּׁם אֶחָד, אֵינָן מִצְטָרְפִין:

Seasonings [consisting] of two or three categories of one species, or [consisting] of three species [of one category], are forbidden and combine. Rabbi Shimon said: Two or three categories of one species, or two species of one category, do not combine.

11 יא

שְׂאֹר שֶׁל חֻלִּין וְשֶׁל תְּרוּמָה שֶׁנָּפְלוּ לְתוֹךְ עִסָּה, לֹא בָּזֶה כְדֵי לְחַמֵּץ וְלֹא בָּזֶה כְדֵי לְחַמֵּץ, נִצְטָרְפוּ וְחִמְּצוּ, רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר אוֹמֵר, אַחַר הָאַחֲרוֹן אֲנִי בָא. וַחֲכָמִים אוֹמְרִים, בֵּין שֶׁנָּפַל אִסּוּר בַּתְּחִלָּה, בֵּין בַּסּוֹף, לְעוֹלָם אֵינוֹ אוֹסֵר עַד שֶׁיְּהֵא בּוֹ כְדֵי לְחַמֵּץ:

Leaven of hullin and of terumah fell into dough, and neither this was sufficient to cause fermentation nor was that sufficient to cause fermentation, but together they caused [the dough] to ferment:Rabbi Eliezer says: I go after the last. But the sages say: whether the prohibited fell in first or last, it never causes the dough to become prohibited unless there is enough to cause fermentation.

12 יב

יוֹעֶזֶר אִישׁ הַבִּירָה הָיָה מִתַּלְמִידֵי בֵּית שַׁמַּאי, וְאָמַר, שָׁאַלְתִּי אֶת רַבָּן גַּמְלִיאֵל הַזָּקֵן עוֹמֵד בְּשַׁעַר הַמִּזְרָח, וְאָמַר, לְעוֹלָם אֵינוֹ אוֹסֵר, עַד שֶׁיְּהֵא בּוֹ כְדֵי לְחַמֵּץ:

Yoezer, master of the temple (Ish Habirah), was one of the disciples of Bet Shammai and he said: I asked Rabban Gamaliel the elder as he was standing at the eastern gate [of the Temple], and he said: it never causes the dough to become prohibited unless there is enough to cause fermentation.

13 יג

כֵּלִים שֶׁסָּכָן בְּשֶׁמֶן טָמֵא, וְחָזַר וְסָכָן בְּשֶׁמֶן טָהוֹר, אוֹ שֶׁסָּכָן בְּשֶׁמֶן טָהוֹר, וְחָזַר וְסָכָן בְּשֶׁמֶן טָמֵא, רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר אוֹמֵר, אַחַר הָרִאשׁוֹן אֲנִי בָּא. וַחֲכָמִים אוֹמְרִים, אַחַר הָאַחֲרוֹן:

Vessels which were oiled with unclean oil, and [later] he returned and oiled them with clean oil; Or he [first] oiled them with clean oil, and [later] he returned [to them] and oiled them with unclean oil: Rabbi Eliezer says: “I go after the first.” And the sages say: after the last.

14 יד

שְׂאֹר שֶׁל תְּרוּמָה וְשֶׁל כִּלְאֵי הַכֶּרֶם שֶׁנָּפְלוּ לְתוֹךְ עִסָּה, לֹא בָזֶה כְדֵי לְחַמֵּץ וְלֹא בָזֶה כְדֵי לְחַמֵּץ, וְנִצְטָרְפוּ וְחִמְּצוּ, אָסוּר לְזָרִים וּמֻתָּר לַכֹּהֲנִים. רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן מַתִּיר לְזָרִים וְלַכֹּהֲנִים:

Leaven of terumah and of kilayim of the vineyard which fell into dough, this one is not sufficient to cause fermentation, nor is that one sufficient to cause fermentation, but together they cause fermentation:It [the dough] is prohibited to non-priests and permitted to priests. Rabbi Shimon permits it to both to non-priests and to priests.

15 טו

תְּבָלִין שֶׁל תְּרוּמָה וְשֶׁל כִּלְאֵי הַכֶּרֶם שֶׁנָּפְלוּ בַּקְּדֵרָה, לֹא בָאֵלוּ כְדֵי לְתַבֵּל וְלֹא בָאֵלּוּ כְדֵי לְתַבֵּל, וְנִצְטָרְפוּ וְתִבְּלוּ, אָסוּר לְזָרִים וּמֻתָּר לַכֹּהֲנִים. רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן מַתִּיר לְזָרִים וְלַכֹּהֲנִים:

Seasonings of terumah and of kilayim of the vineyard that fell into a dish, and there is not enough of one to season, nor is there of the other to season, but together they seasoned:It [the dish] is prohibited to non-priests but permitted to priests. Rabbi Shimon declares it permitted to non-priests and to priests.

16 טז

חֲתִיכָה שֶׁל קָדְשֵׁי קָדָשִׁים, שֶׁל פִּגּוּל, וְשֶׁל נוֹתָר, שֶׁנִּתְבַּשְּׁלוּ עִם הַחֲתִיכוֹת, אָסוּר לְזָרִים וּמֻתָּר לַכֹּהֲנִים. רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן מַתִּיר לְזָרִים וְלַכֹּהֲנִים:

A piece of [meat from] one of the most holy [sacrifices] and [a piece] of [meat which is] piggul, or remnant, which were cooked with other pieces, it [the non-sacred meat] is prohibited to non-priests but permitted to priests. Rabbi Shimon declares it permitted to non-priests and to priests.

17 יז

בְּשַׂר קָדְשֵׁי קָדָשִׁים וּבְשַׂר קָדָשִׁים קַלִּים שֶׁנִּתְבַּשְּׁלוּ עִם בְּשַׂר הַתַּאֲוָה, אָסוּר לִטְמֵאִים וּמֻתָּר לִטְהוֹרִים:

Meat of most holy [sacrifices] and meat of less holy [sacrifices] were cooked together with ordinary meat: [the dish] is prohibited to the unclean, but permitted to the clean.