10י׳
1 א

כָּל יְדוֹת הַכֵּלִים שֶׁהִכְנִיסָן שֶׁלֹּא כְדַרְכָּן, אוֹ שֶׁהִכְנִיסָן כְּדַרְכָּן וְלֹא מֵרְקָן, אוֹ שֶׁמֵּרְקָן וְנִשְׁבְּרוּ, הֲרֵי אֵלּוּ חוֹצְצִין. כְּלִי שֶׁהִטְבִּילוֹ דֶּרֶךְ פִּיו, כְּאִלּוּ לֹא טָבָל. הִטְבִּילוֹ כְדַרְכּוֹ בְלֹא זִבּוֹרִית, עַד שֶׁיַּטֶּנּוּ עַל צִדּוֹ. כְּלִי שֶׁהוּא צַר מִכָּאן וּמִכָּאן וְרָחָב מִן הָאֶמְצַע, אֵינוֹ טָהוֹר עַד שֶׁיַּטֶּנּוּ עַל צִדּוֹ. צְלוֹחִית שֶׁפִּיהָ שׁוֹקֵעַ, אֵינָהּ טְהוֹרָה עַד שֶׁיְּנַקְּבֶנָּה מִצִּדָּהּ. קַלְמָרִין הֶדְיוֹטוֹת, אֵינָהּ טְהוֹרָה עַד שֶׁיְּנַקְּבֶנָּה מִצִּדָּהּ. וְקַלְמָרִין שֶׁל יוֹסֵף הַכֹּהֵן הָיְתָה נְקוּבָה בְצִדָּהּ:

Any handles of vessels which have been fixed not in their usual manner, or, if fixed in their usual manner, have not been fixed firmly, or, if fixed firmly, have been broken, they block. If a vessel was immersed with its mouth downwards, it is as though it had not been immersed. If immersed in the regular manner but without the attachment, [it becomes clean] only if turned on its side. If a vessel is narrow at each end and broad in the center, it becomes clean only if turned on its side. A flask which has its mouth turned inwards becomes clean only if a hole is made at the side. An inkpot of laymen becomes clean only if a hole is made at the side. The inkpot of Joseph the priest had a hole at its side.

2 ב

הַכַּר וְהַכֶּסֶת שֶׁל עוֹר, הֲרֵי אֵלּוּ צְרִיכִין שֶׁיָּבֹאוּ בָהֶם הַמָּיִם. כֶּסֶת עֲגֻלָּה, וְהַכַּדּוּר, וְהָאֵמוּם, וְהַקָּמֵעַ, וְהַתְּפִלָּה, אֵינָן צְרִיכִין שֶׁיָּבֹאוּ בָהֶם הַמָּיִם. זֶה הַכְּלָל, כֹּל שֶׁאֵין דַּרְכּוֹ לְהַכְנִיס וּלְהוֹצִיא, טוֹבְלִים סְתוּמִים:

A bolster and a cushion of leather it is necessary that the water enter inside them. A round cushion or a ball or a bootmaker's last or an amulet or a phylactery, it is not necessary that the water enter inside them. This is the general rule: any article the filling of which is not usually taken out and put in may be immersed unopened.

3 ג

אֵלּוּ שֶׁאֵינָם צְרִיכִים שֶׁיָּבֹאוּ בָהֶם הַמַּיִם, קִשְׁרֵי הֶעָנִי, וְהַנִּימִין, וַחֲבַט שֶׁל סַנְדָּל, וּתְפִלָּה שֶׁל רֹאשׁ בִּזְמַן שֶׁהִיא חוֹצָה, וְשֶׁל זְרוֹעַ בִּזְמַן שֶׁאֵינָהּ עוֹלָה וְיוֹרֶדֶת, וְאָזְנֵי הַחֵמֶת, וְאָזְנֵי הַתַּרְמוּל:

The following do not require that the water shall enter inside them:Knots [in the clothes] of a poor man, or in tassels, or in the thong of a sandal, or in a head-tefillin if it is fastened tightly, or in an arm-tefillin if it does not move up or down, or in the handles of a water-skin, or in the handles of a wallet.

4 ד

אֵלּוּ שֶׁהֵם צְרִיכִים שֶׁיָּבֹאוּ בָהֶן הַמַּיִם, הַקֶּשֶׁר שֶׁבַּפְּרַקְסִים שֶׁבַּכָּתֵף, וְשָׂפָה שֶׁל סָדִין צָרִיךְ לְמַתֵּחַ, וּתְפִלָּה שֶׁל רֹאשׁ בִּזְמַן שֶׁאֵינָהּ חוֹצָה, וְשֶׁל זְרוֹעַ בִּזְמַן שֶׁהִיא עוֹלָה וְיוֹרֶדֶת, וּשְׁנָצִין שֶׁל סַנְדָּל, וּבְגָדִים שֶׁהִטְבִּילָן מְכֻבָּסִין, עַד שֶׁיְּבַעְבְּעוּ. הִטְבִּילָן נְגוּבִין, עַד שֶׁיְּבַעְבְּעוּ וְיָנוּחוּ מִבִּעְבּוּעָן:

The following require that water shall enter inside them:The knot in an undergarment which is tied to the shoulder. The hem of a sheet must be stretched out. And the knot of head tefillin if it is not fastened tightly, Or of the arm-tefillin if it moves up and down. And the laces of a sandal. Clothes which are immersed when they have just been washed must be kept immersed until they bubble up; But if they are immersed when already dry, they must be kept immersed until they throw up bubbles and then cease to bubble up.

5 ה

כָּל יְדוֹת הַכֵּלִים שֶׁהֵם אֲרֻכִּין וְעָתִיד לִקְצֹץ, מַטְבִּילָן עַד מְקוֹם הַמִּדָּה. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, עַד שֶׁיַּטְבִּיל אֶת כֻּלּוֹ. שַׁלְשֶׁלֶת דְּלִי גָדוֹל, אַרְבָּעָה טְפָחִים, וְשֶׁל קָטָן, עֲשָׂרָה, מַטְבִּילָן עַד מְקוֹם הַמִּדָּה. רַבִּי טַרְפוֹן אוֹמֵר, עַד שֶׁיַּטְבִּיל אֶת כָּל הַטַּבַּעַת. הַחֶבֶל שֶׁהוּא קָשׁוּר בַּקֻּפָּה אֵינוֹ חִבּוּר, אֶלָּא אִם כֵּן תָּפָר:

Any handles of vessels which are too long and which will be cut short, need only be immersed up to the point of their proper measure. Rabbi Judah says: [they are unclean] until the whole of them is immersed. The chain of a large bucket, to the length of four handbreadths, and a small bucket, to the length of ten handbreadths, and they need only be immersed up to the point of their proper measure. Rabbi Tarfon says: it is not clean unless the whole of the chain-ring is immersed. The rope bound to a basket is not counted as a connection unless it has been sewn on.

6 ו

בֵּית שַׁמַּאי אוֹמְרִים, אֵין מַטְבִּילִין חַמִּין בְּצוֹנֵן וְלֹא צוֹנֵן בְּחַמִּין, לֹא יָפִים בְּרָעִים וְלֹא רָעִים בְּיָפִים. בֵּית הִלֵּל אוֹמְרִים, מַטְבִּילִין. כְּלִי שֶׁהוּא מָלֵא מַשְׁקִין וְהִטְבִּילוֹ, כְּאִלּוּ לֹא טָבָל. מָלֵא מֵי רַגְלַיִם, רוֹאִים אוֹתָם כְּאִלּוּ הֵם מָיִם. מָלֵא מֵי חַטָּאת, עַד שֶׁיִּרְבּוּ הַמַּיִם עַל מֵי חַטָּאת. רַבִּי יוֹסֵי אוֹמֵר, אֲפִלּוּ כְלִי מַחֲזִיק כּוֹר וְאֵין בּוֹ אֶלָּא רְבִיעִית, כְּאִלּוּ לֹא טָבָל:

Bet Shammai say: hot water may not be immersed in cold, or cold in hot, foul in fresh or fresh in foul. But Bet Hillel say: it may be immersed. A vessel full of liquids which one immersed, it is as if it has not been immersed. If it was full of urine, this is reckoned as water. If it contained hatat waters, [it is unclean] unless the water [of the mikveh which enters the vessel] exceeds the hatat waters. Rabbi Yose says: even if a vessel with the capacity of a kor contains but a quarter-log, it is as if it had not been immersed.

7 ז

כָּל הָאֳכָלִין מִצְטָרְפִין לִפְסֹל אֶת הַגְּוִיָּה בְּכַחֲצִי פְרָס. כָּל הַמַּשְׁקִין מִצְטָרְפִין לִפְסֹל אֶת הַגְּוִיָּה בִּרְבִיעִית. זֶה חֹמֶר בְּשׁוֹתֶה מַשְׁקִין טְמֵאִין מִבַּמִּקְוֶה, שֶׁעָשׂוּ בוֹ שְׁאָר הַמַּשְׁקִין כַּמָּיִם:

All foods combine together to make up the half of a half-loaf which makes the body unfit. All liquids combine together to make up the quarter-log which makes the body unfit. This is more of a stringency in the case of one who drinks unclean liquids than in the case of the mikveh, for in this case they have made all other liquids like water.

8 ח

אָכַל אֳכָלִים טְמֵאִים, וְשָׁתָה מַשְׁקִים טְמֵאִים, טָבַל וֶהֱקִיאָן, טְמֵאִים, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁאֵינָן טְהוֹרִים בַּגּוּף. שָׁתָה מַיִם טְמֵאִים, טָבַל וֶהֱקִיאָם, טְהוֹרִים, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהֵם טְהוֹרִים בַּגּוּף. בָּלַע טַבַּעַת טְהוֹרָה, נִכְנַס לְאֹהֶל הַמֵּת, הִזָּה וְשָׁנָה וְטָבַל וֶהֱקִיאָהּ, הֲרֵי הִיא כְמוֹת שֶׁהָיְתָה. בָּלַע טַבַּעַת טְמֵאָה, טוֹבֵל וְאוֹכֵל בַּתְּרוּמָה. הֱקִיאָהּ, טְמֵאָה וְטִמְּאַתּוּ. חֵץ שֶׁהוּא תָחוּב בָּאָדָם, בִּזְמַן שֶׁהוּא נִרְאֶה, חוֹצֵץ. וְאִם אֵינוֹ נִרְאֶה, טוֹבֵל וְאוֹכֵל בִּתְרוּמָתוֹ:

If one ate unclean foods or drank unclean liquids and then he immersed and then vomited them up, they are still unclean because they did not become clean in the body. If one drank unclean water and immersed and then vomited it up, it is clean because it became clean in the body. If one swallowed a clean ring and then went into the tent of a corpse, if he sprinkled himself once and twice and immersed himself and then vomited it up, behold, it remains as it was before. If one swallowed an unclean ring, he may immerse himself and eat terumah. If he vomited it up, it is unclean and it renders him unclean. If an arrow was stuck into a man, it blocks so long as it is visible. But if it is not visible, he may immerse himself and eat terumah.