6ו׳
1 א

אֵלּוּ מְנָחוֹת נִקְמָצוֹת וּשְׁיָרֵיהֶן לַכֹּהֲנִים, מִנְחַת סֹלֶת, וְהַמַּחֲבַת, וְהַמַּרְחֶשֶׁת, וְהַחַלּוֹת, וְהָרְקִיקִין, מִנְחַת גּוֹיִם, מִנְחַת נָשִׁים, מִנְחַת הָעֹמֶר, מִנְחַת חוֹטֵא, וּמִנְחַת קְנָאוֹת. רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן אוֹמֵר, מִנְחַת חוֹטֵא שֶׁל כֹּהֲנִים נִקְמֶצֶת, וְהַקֹּמֶץ קָרֵב לְעַצְמוֹ, וְהַשִּׁירַיִם קְרֵבִין לְעַצְמָן:

From the following menahot the handful must be taken and the remainder is for the priests: The minhah of fine flour, that prepared on a griddle, that prepared in a pan, the loaves and the wafers, the minhah of a Gentile, the minhah of women, the minhah of the omer, the sinners’ minhah, and the minhah of jealousy. Rabbi Shimon says: a sinners’ minhah brought by priests the handful is taken, and the handful is offered by itself and so also the remainder is offered by itself.

2 ב

מִנְחַת כֹּהֲנִים וּמִנְחַת כֹּהֵן מָשִׁיחַ וּמִנְחַת נְסָכִים, לַמִּזְבֵּחַ, וְאֵין בָּהֶם לַכֹּהֲנִים. בָּזֶה יָפֶה כֹחַ הַמִּזְבֵּחַ מִכֹּחַ הַכֹּהֲנִים. שְׁתֵּי הַלֶּחֶם וְלֶחֶם הַפָּנִים, לַכֹּהֲנִים, וְאֵין בָּהֶם לַמִּזְבֵּחַ. וּבָזֶה יָפֶה כֹחַ הַכֹּהֲנִים מִכֹּחַ הַמִּזְבֵּחַ:

The minhah of the priests, The minhah of the anointed high priest, And the minhah that is offered with the libations are [wholly] for the altar and the priests have no share in them; with these the altar is more privileged than the priests. The two loaves and the showbread are eaten by the priests and the altar has no share in them; with these the priests are more privileged than the altar.

3 ג

כָּל הַמְּנָחוֹת הַנַּעֲשׂוֹת בִּכְלִי טְעוּנוֹת שָׁלשׁ מַתְּנוֹת שֶׁמֶן, יְצִיקָה, וּבְלִילָה, וּמַתַּן שֶׁמֶן בַּכְּלִי קֹדֶם לַעֲשִׂיָּתָן. וְהַחַלּוֹת בּוֹלְלָן, דִּבְרֵי רַבִּי. וַחֲכָמִים אוֹמְרִים, סֹלֶת. הַחַלּוֹת טְעוּנוֹת בְּלִילָה, הָרְקִיקִים מְשׁוּחִין. כֵּיצַד מוֹשְׁחָן, כְּמִין כִי. וּשְׁאָר הַשֶּׁמֶן נֶאֱכָל לַכֹּהֲנִים:

All menahot that are prepared in a vessel require three applications of oil: pouring, mixing and putting oil in the vessel, before they are completed. The [baked] cakes were mixed [with oil], the words of Rabbi [Judah Ha-Nasi]. But the sages say: the fine flour [was mixed with oil]. The loaves were mixed and the wafers anointed. How did he anoint them? In the form of a “chi.” And the rest of the oil was eaten by the priests.

4 ד

כָּל הַמְּנָחוֹת הַנַּעֲשׂוֹת בִּכְלִי, טְעוּנוֹת פְּתִיתָה. מִנְחַת יִשְׂרָאֵל, כּוֹפֵל אֶחָד לִשְׁנַיִם, וּשְׁנַיִם לְאַרְבָּעָה, וּמַבְדִּיל. מִנְחַת כֹּהֲנִים, כּוֹפֵל אֶחָד לִשְׁנַיִם, וּשְׁנַיִם לְאַרְבָּעָה, וְאֵינוֹ מַבְדִּיל. מִנְחַת כֹּהֵן הַמָּשִׁיחַ, לֹא הָיָה מְכַפְּלָהּ. רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן אוֹמֵר, מִנְחַת כֹּהֲנִים וּמִנְחַת כֹּהֵן מָשִׁיחַ, אֵין בָּהֶם פְּתִיתָה, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁאֵין בָּהֶם קְמִיצָה, וְכֹל שֶׁאֵין בָּהֶם קְמִיצָה, אֵין בָּהֶן פְּתִיתָה. וְכֻלָּן כַּזֵּיתִים:

All menahot prepared in a vessel must be broken into pieces. The minhah of an Israelite was folded into two and the two were folded into four, and it was severed [at each bend]. The minhah of priests was folded into two and the two were folded into four, but it was not severed. The minhah of the anointed high priest was not folded. Rabbi Shimon says: neither the minhah of the priests nor the minhah of the anointed high priest was broken in pieces, since the handful was not taken from them, and whenever the handful is not taken [from a minhah] it is not to be broken in pieces. The pieces were the size of an olive.

5 ה

כָּל הַמְּנָחוֹת טְעוּנוֹת שְׁלשׁ מֵאוֹת שִׁיפָה וַחֲמֵשׁ מֵאוֹת בְּעִיטָה. וְהַשִּׁיפָה וְהַבְּעִיטָה בַּחִטִּים. רַבִּי יוֹסֵי אוֹמֵר, אַף בַּבָּצֵק. כָּל הַמְּנָחוֹת בָּאוֹת עֶשֶׂר עֶשֶׂר, חוּץ מִלֶּחֶם הַפָּנִים, וַחֲבִתֵּי כֹהֵן גָּדוֹל, שֶׁהֵם בָּאוֹת שְׁתֵּים עֶשְׂרֵה, דִּבְרֵי רַבִּי יְהוּדָה. רַבִּי מֵאִיר אוֹמֵר, כֻּלָּן בָּאוֹת שְׁתֵּים עֶשְׂרֵה, חוּץ מֵחַלּוֹת תּוֹדָה וְהַנְּזִירוּת, שֶׁהֵן בָּאוֹת עֶשֶׂר עֶשֶׂר:

All menahot must be rubbed three hundred times and beaten five hundred times. The rubbing and the beating apply is performed with the grains of wheat. Rabbi Yose says: also to the dough. All menahot consist of ten cakes each, except the showbread and the griddle-cakes of the high priest, which consist of twelve cakes each, the words of Rabbi Judah. But Rabbi Meir says: they all consist of twelve cakes each, except the loaves of the todah and of the nazirite-offering, which consist of ten cakes each.

6 ו

הָעֹמֶר הָיָה בָא עִשָּׂרוֹן מִשָּׁלשׁ סְאִין. שְׁתֵּי הַלֶּחֶם, שְׁנֵי עֶשְׂרוֹנִים מִשָּׁלשׁ סְאִין. לֶחֶם הַפָּנִים, עֶשְׂרִים וְאַרְבָּעָה עֶשְׂרוֹנִים מֵעֶשְׂרִים וְאַרְבַּע סְאִין:

The omer consisted of one tenth [of an ephah of flour] taken from three se'ahs. The two loaves consisted of two tenths taken from three se'ahs. And the showbread consisted of twenty-four tenths taken from twenty-four se'ahs.

7 ז

הָעֹמֶר הָיָה מְנֻפֶּה בִּשְׁלשׁ עֶשְׂרֵה נָפָה. וּשְׁתֵּי הַלֶּחֶם בִּשְׁתֵּים עֶשְׂרֵה. וְלֶחֶם הַפָּנִים בְּאַחַת עֶשְׂרֵה. רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן אוֹמֵר, לֹא הָיָה לָהּ קִצְבָּה, אֶלָּא סֹלֶת מְנֻפָּה כָּל צָרְכָּהּ הָיָה מֵבִיא, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (ויקרא כד), וְלָקַחְתָּ סֹלֶת וְאָפִיתָ אֹתָהּ, עַד שֶׁתְּהֵא מְנֻפָּה כָּל צָרְכָּהּ:

The omer was sifted through thirteen sieves, the two loaves through twelve, and the showbread through eleven. Rabbi Shimon says: there was no prescribed number for them, rather they brought fine flour and sifted it as much as was necessary, as it is said, “You shall take fine flour and bake it” (Leviticus 24:5) [you should not bake it] until it is sifted as much as is necessary.