5ה׳
1 א

הָעוֹקֵר שְׁתָלִים מִתּוֹךְ שֶׁלּוֹ וְנָטַע לְתוֹךְ שֶׁלּוֹ, פָּטוּר. לָקַח בִּמְחֻבָּר לַקַּרְקַע, פָּטוּר. לָקַט לִשְׁלֹחַ לַחֲבֵרוֹ, פָּטוּר. רַבִּי אֶלְעָזָר בֶּן עֲזַרְיָה אוֹמֵר, אִם יֵשׁ כַּיּוֹצֵא בָהֶם נִמְכָּרִים בַּשּׁוּק, הֲרֵי אֵלּוּ חַיָּבִין:

One who uproots saplings from of his own [property] and plants them [elsewhere] within his own [property] is exempt [from tithes]. If he bought [saplings] attached to the ground, he is exempt. If he gathered them in order to send them to his fellow, he is exempt. Rabbi Elazar ben Azariah said: if similar ones were being sold in the market, behold they are liable [for tithes].

2 ב

הָעוֹקֵר לֶפֶת וּצְנוֹנוֹת מִתּוֹךְ שֶׁלּוֹ וְנוֹטֵעַ לְתוֹךְ שֶׁלּוֹ לְזֶרַע, חַיָּב, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהוּא גָּרְנָן. בְּצָלִים, מִשֶּׁהִשְׁרִישׁוּ בָעֲלִיָּה, טָהֲרוּ מִלְּטַמֵּא. נָפְלָה עֲלֵיהֶם מַפֹּלֶת וְהֵם מְגֻלִּים, הֲרֵי אֵלּוּ כִּנְטוּעִים בַּשָּׂדֶה:

One who uproots turnips and radishes from within his own [property] and plants [them elsewhere] within his own [property] for the purpose of seed, he is liable to tithe, since this is [equivalent to] their threshing floor. If onions take root in an upper story they become clean from any impurity. If some debris fell upon them and they are uncovered, they are regarded as though they were planted in the field.

3 ג

לֹא יִמְכֹּר אָדָם אֶת פֵּרוֹתָיו מִשֶׁבָּאוּ לְעוֹנַת הַמַּעַשְׂרוֹת לְמִי שֶׁאֵינוֹ נֶאֱמָן עַל הַמַּעַשְׂרוֹת, וְלֹא בַשְּׁבִיעִית לְמִי שֶׁהוּא חָשׁוּד עַל הַשְּׁבִיעִית. וְאִם בִּכְּרוּ, נוֹטֵל אֶת הַבַּכּוּרוֹת וּמוֹכֵר אֶת הַשְּׁאָר:

One may not sell produce after the season for tithing has arrived to one who is not trusted concerning tithes. Nor in the sabbatical year [may one sell sabbatical year produce] to one suspected of [transgressing] the sabbatical year. If only [some] produce ripened, he takes the ripe ones and may sell the remainder.

4 ד

לֹא יִמְכֹּר אָדָם אֶת תִּבְנוֹ וְאֶת גִּפְתּוֹ וְאֶת זַגָּיו לְמִי שֶׁאֵינוֹ נֶאֱמָן עַל הַמַּעַשְׂרוֹת, לְהוֹצִיא מֵהֶן מַשְׁקִין. וְאִם הוֹצִיא, חַיָּב בַּמַּעַשְׂרוֹת וּפָטוּר מִן הַתְּרוּמָה, שֶׁהַתּוֹרֵם, בְּלִבּוֹ עַל הַקְּטוּעִים, עַל הַצְּדָדִים וְעַל מַה שֶּׁבְּתוֹךְ הַתֶּבֶן:

One may not sell his straw, nor his olive peat, or his grape pulp to one who is not to be trusted in [with respect to] tithes, for him to extract the juice from them. If he did extract the juice he is liable for tithes, but is exempt from terumah, because when one separates terumah he has in mind the fragments which [is] by the sides, and that which is inside the straw.

5 ה

הַלּוֹקֵחַ שְׂדֵה יָרָק בְּסוּרְיָא, אִם עַד שֶׁלֹּא בָא לְעוֹנַת הַמַּעַשְׂרוֹת, חַיָּב. וּמִשֶּׁבָּא לְעוֹנַת הַמַּעַשְׂרוֹת, פָּטוּר, וְלוֹקֵט כְּדַרְכּוֹ וְהוֹלֵךְ. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, אַף יִשְׂכֹּר פּוֹעֲלִים וִילַקֵּט. אָמַר רַבָּן שִׁמְעוֹן בֶּן גַּמְלִיאֵל, בַּמֶּה דְבָרִים אֲמוּרִים, בִּזְמַן שֶׁקָּנָה קַרְקַע, אֲבָל בִּזְמַן שֶׁלֹּא קָנָה קַרְקַע, אִם עַד שֶׁלֹּא בָא לְעוֹנַת הַמַּעַשְׂרוֹת, פָּטוּר. רַבִּי אוֹמֵר, אַף לְפִי חֶשְׁבּוֹן:

One who buys a field of vegetables in Syria: If before the season for tithing arrived, then he is liable to tithe. If after the season for tithing he is exempt, and he may go on gathering in his usual manner. Rabbi Judah says: he may even hire workers and gather. Rabban Shimon ben Gamaliel says: When does this apply? If he has bought the land. But if, he has not bought the land, even before the season for tithing arrived he is exempt. Rabbi [Judah Hanasi] says: he must also tithe according to calculation.

6 ו

הַמְתַמֵּד וְנָתַן מַיִם בַּמִּדָּה וּמָצָא כְדֵי מִדָּתוֹ, פָּטוּר. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה מְחַיֵּב. מָצָא יוֹתֵר עַל כְּדֵי מִדָּתוֹ, מוֹצִיא עָלָיו מִמָּקוֹם אַחֵר לְפִי חֶשְׁבּוֹן:

One who makes grape-skin wine, and he put water on by measure, and he finds [afterwards] the same quantity, he is exempt from tithe. Rabbi Judah makes him liable. If he found more than the measure, he must give [tithe] for it from another place, in proportion.

7 ז

חוֹרֵי הַנְּמָלִים שֶׁלָּנוּ בְצַד הָעֲרֵמָה הַחַיֶּבֶת, הֲרֵי אֵלּוּ חַיָּבִים, שֶׁיָּדוּעַ שֶׁמִּדָּבָר הַגָּמוּר הָיוּ גּוֹרְרִין כָּל הַלָּיְלָה:

Anthills which have remained the whole night near a pile of grain which was liable to tithe, [the grain found in them] is liable, since it is obvious that they [the ants] have been dragging away the whole night from something [of which the work] had been completed.

8 ח

שׁוּם בַּעַל בֶּכִי, וּבָצָל שֶׁל רִכְפָּא, וּגְרִיסִין הַקִּילְקִין, וְהָעֲדָשִׁים הַמִּצְרִיּוֹת, רַבִּי מֵאִיר אוֹמֵר, אַף הַקַּרְקָס, רַבִּי יוֹסֵי אוֹמֵר אַף הַקּוּטְנִים, פְּטוּרִים מִן הַמַּעַשְׂרוֹת, וְנִלְקָחִין מִכָּל אָדָם בַּשְּׁבִיעִית. זֶרַע לוּף הָעֶלְיוֹן, זֶרַע כְּרֵשִׁים, זֶרַע בְּצָלִים, זֶרַע לֶפֶת וּצְנוֹנוֹת, וּשְׁאָר זֵרְעוֹנֵי גִנָּה שֶׁאֵינָן נֶאֱכָלִים, פְּטוּרִים מִן הַמַּעַשְׂרוֹת, וְנִלְקָחִין מִכָּל אָדָם בַּשְּׁבִיעִית, שֶׁאַף עַל פִּי שֶׁאֲבִיהֶן תְּרוּמָה, הֲרֵי אֵלּוּ יֵאָכֵלוּ:

Garlic from Balbeck, onions from Rikpa, Cicilician beans and Egyptians lentils, and Rabbi Meir says qirqas, and Rabbi Yose says qotnym are exempt from tithes and may be brought from any man in the seventh year. The seeds of upper arum pods, the seeds of leeks, the seeds of onions, the seeds of turnips and radishes, and other seeds of garden produce which are not eaten, are exempt from tithes, and may be bought from any man in the seventh year; and even though the plants from they grew were terumah, they may still be eaten [by non-priests].