2ב׳
1 א

הָיָה עוֹבֵר בַּשּׁוּק וְאָמַר, טְלוּ לָכֶם תְּאֵנִים, אוֹכְלִין וּפְטוּרִין. לְפִיכָךְ אִם הִכְנִיסוּ לְבָתֵּיהֶם, מְתַקְּנִים וַדָּאי. טְלוּ וְהַכְנִיסוּ לְבָתֵּיכֶם, לֹא יֹאכְלוּ מֵהֶם עֲרַאי. לְפִיכָךְ אִם הִכְנִיסוּ לְבָתֵּיהֶם, אֵינָם מְתַקְּנִים אֶלָּא דְמָאי:

If one was passing through the street, and said “Take for yourself from my figs,” one may eat them and be exempt from tithes. Therefore if they brought them into their houses, they must separate [tithes and terumah] as if they were certainly untithed. [If he said], “Take and bring it into your houses,” they may not make a chance meal of them. Therefore if they brought them into their houses, they need tithe them only as demai.

2 ב

הָיוּ יוֹשְׁבִין בַּשַּׁעַר אוֹ בַחֲנוּת, וְאָמַר, טְלוּ לָכֶם תְּאֵנִים, אוֹכְלִין וּפְטוּרִין, וּבַעַל הַשַּׁעַר וּבַעַל הַחֲנוּת חַיָּבִין. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה פּוֹטֵר, עַד שֶׁיַּחֲזִיר אֶת פָּנָיו, אוֹ עַד שֶׁיְּשַׁנֶּה מְקוֹם יְשִׁיבָתוֹ:

If they were sitting at the gate or a shop, and one said [to them], “Take for yourselves figs,” they may eat and be exempt from tithes, but the owner of the gate, or the owner of the shop, is liable [to give tithe]. Rabbi Judah exempts him unless he turns his face or changes the place where he was sitting [and selling].

3 ג

הַמַּעֲלֶה פֵרוֹת מִן הַגָּלִיל לִיהוּדָה, אוֹ עוֹלֶה לִירוּשָׁלַיִם, אוֹכֵל מֵהֶם עַד שֶׁהוּא מַגִּיעַ לְמָקוֹם שֶׁהוּא הוֹלֵךְ, וְכֵן בִּיהוּדָה. רַבִּי מֵאִיר אוֹמֵר, עַד שֶׁהוּא מַגִּיעַ לִמְקוֹם הַשְּׁבִיתָה. וְהָרוֹכְלִין הַמְּחַזְּרִין בָּעֲיָרוֹת, אוֹכְלִים עַד שֶׁמַּגִּיעִים לִמְקוֹם הַלִּינָה. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, הַבַּיִת הָרִאשׁוֹן הוּא בֵיתוֹ:

One who brings produce from the Galilee to Judea, or if he goes up to Jerusalem, he may eat of them until he arrives at the place to which he intends to go, and the same is true when he returns. Rabbi Meir says: [he may eat] until he reaches the place where he intends to rest [on Shabbat]. But peddlers who travel from town to town may eat until they reach the place where they intend to stay over night. Rabbi Judah says: the first house [he reaches] is his house.

4 ד

פֵּרוֹת שֶׁתְּרָמָן עַד שֶׁלֹּא נִגְמְרָה מְלַאכְתָּן, רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר אוֹסֵר מִלֶּאֱכֹל מֵהֶם עֲרַאי. וַחֲכָמִים מַתִּירִין, חוּץ מִכַּלְכָּלַת תְּאֵנִים. כַּלְכָּלַת תְּאֵנִים שֶׁתְּרָמָהּ, רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן מַתִּיר, וַחֲכָמִים אוֹסְרִין:

Produce from which he separated terumah before its work was finished: Rabbi Eliezer says: it is forbidden to make a chance meal of it, But the sages permit it except when it is a basket of figs. A basket of figs from which one separated terumah: Rabbi Shimon permits it. But the sages forbid it.

5 ה

הָאוֹמֵר לַחֲבֵרוֹ, הֵילָךְ אִסָּר זֶה וְתֶן לִי בוֹ חָמֵשׁ תְּאֵנִים, לֹא יֹאכַל עַד שֶׁיְּעַשֵּׂר, דִּבְרֵי רַבִּי מֵאִיר. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, אוֹכֵל אַחַת אַחַת, פָּטוּר, וְאִם צֵרַף, חַיָּב. אָמַר רַבִּי יְהוּדָה, מַעֲשֶׂה בְגִנַּת וְרָדִים שֶׁהָיְתָה בִירוּשָׁלַיִם, וְהָיוּ תְאֵנִים נִמְכָּרוֹת מִשָּׁלֹשׁ וּמֵאַרְבַּע בְּאִסָּר, וְלֹא הֻפְרַשׁ מִמֶּנָּה תְרוּמָה וּמַעֲשֵׂר מֵעוֹלָם:

One who says to his friend: “Here is this issar, give me five figs for it”, he may not eat of [them] until he has tithed them, the words of Rabbi Meir. Rabbi Judah says: if he ate them one by one, he is exempt, but if he gathered them [to eat them] together, he is liable [to tithe.] Rabbi Judah said: it happened in a rose-garden in Jerusalem that there were figs being sold three or four for an issar, and neither terumah nor tithe was ever given from it.

6 ו

הָאוֹמֵר לַחֲבֵרוֹ, הֵילָךְ אִסָּר זֶה בְּעֶשֶׂר תְּאֵנִים שֶׁאָבֹר לִי, בּוֹרֵר וְאוֹכֵל. בְּאֶשְׁכּוֹל שֶׁאָבֹר לִי, מְגַרְגֵּר וְאוֹכֵל. בְּרִמּוֹן שֶׁאָבֹר לִי, פּוֹרֵט וְאוֹכֵל. בַּאֲבַטִּיחַ שֶׁאָבֹר לִי, סוֹפֵת וְאוֹכֵל. אֲבָל אִם אָמַר לוֹ בְּעֶשְׂרִים תְּאֵנִים אֵלוּ, בִּשְׁנֵי אֶשְׁכּוֹלוֹת אֵלוּ, בִּשְׁנֵי רִמּוֹנִים אֵלוּ, בִּשְׁנֵי אֲבַטִּיחִים אֵלוּ, אוֹכֵל כְּדַרְכּוֹ וּפָטוּר, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁקָּנָה בִמְחֻבָּר לַקַּרְקָע:

One who says to his friend: “Here is an issar for ten figs which I choose for myself,” he may choose them and eat [one at a time without tithing]. [If he said] “For a cluster of grapes which I choose for myself,” he may pick grapes from the cluster and eat. [If he said], “For a pomegranate which I choose for myself,” he may take apart [the pomegranate] and eat [it one piece at a time]. [If he said] “For a watermelon, which I choose for myself,” he may slice and eat [it one piece at a time]. But if he said “For these twenty figs,” or “For these two clusters,” or “For these two water-melons,” he may eat them in his usual way and be exempt [from tithe], because he bought them while they were still attached to the ground.

7 ז

הַשּׂוֹכֵר אֶת הַפּוֹעֵל לִקְצוֹת עִמּוֹ בִּתְאֵנִים, אָמַר לוֹ עַל מְנָת שֶׁאוֹכַל תְּאֵנִים, אוֹכֵל וּפָטוּר. עַל מְנָת שֶׁאוֹכַל אֲנִי וּבְנֵי בֵיתִי, אוֹ שֶׁיֹּאכַל בְּנִי בִּשְׂכָרִי, הוּא אוֹכֵל וּפָטוּר, וּבְנוֹ אוֹכֵל וְחַיָּב. עַל מְנָת שֶׁאוֹכַל בִּשְׁעַת הַקְּצִיעָה וּלְאַחַר הַקְּצִיעָה, בִּשְׁעַת הַקְּצִיעָה אוֹכֵל וּפָטוּר, וּלְאַחַר הַקְּצִיעָה אוֹכֵל וְחַיָּב, שֶׁאֵינוֹ אוֹכֵל מִן הַתּוֹרָה. זֶה הַכְּלָל, הָאוֹכֵל מִן הַתּוֹרָה, פָּטוּר, וְשֶׁאֵינוֹ אוֹכֵל מִן הַתּוֹרָה, חַיָּב:

One who has hired a worker to help him harvest figs, and he [the worker] said to him “On condition that I may eat the figs,” he may eat them and he is exempt [from tithing]. [If he said,] “On condition that I and my son may eat,” or “that my son may eat of them in lieu of my receiving a wage,” he may eat and he is exempt [from tithing], but his son may eat but he is liable [for tithes]. [If he said,] “On condition that I may eat of them during the time of the fig harvest, and after the fig harvest,” during the time of the fig harvest he may eat and he is exempt [from tithing], but if he eats after the fig harvest he is liable, since he does not eat of them in the manner mandated by the Torah. This is the general rule: one who eats in a manner mandated by the Torah is exempt [from tithes], and one who does not eat in the manner mandated by the Torah is liable.

8 ח

הָיָה עוֹשֶׂה בִלְבָסִים, לֹא יֹאכַל בִּבְנוֹת שֶׁבַע. בִּבְנוֹת שֶׁבַע, לֹא יֹאכַל בִּלְבָסִים. אֲבָל מוֹנֵעַ הוּא אֶת עַצְמוֹ עַד שֶׁמַּגִּיעַ לִמְקוֹם הַיָּפוֹת וְאוֹכֵל. הַמַּחֲלִיף עִם חֲבֵרוֹ, זֶה לֶאֱכֹל וְזֶה לֶאֱכֹל, זֶה לִקְצוֹת וְזֶה לִקְצוֹת, זֶה לֶאֱכֹל וְזֶה לִקְצוֹת, חַיָּב. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, הַמַּחֲלִיף לֶאֱכֹל, חַיָּב, וְלִקְצוֹת, פָּטוּר:

If a man is working [as a hired worker] among cooking figs, he may not eat of white figs, and if among white figs, he may not eat of cooking figs, but he may restrain himself until he reaches the place where there are the better figs, and then he may eat. If a man exchanges with his friend either [figs] for eating for [figs] for eating, or [figs] to be dried for figs [to be dried], of figs [for eating] for figs [to be dried], then he is liable to give tithes. Rabbi Judah says: one who exchanges [figs] for [other figs for eating] is liable, but [if for figs] for drying he is exempt.