3ג׳
1 א

לֹא יֹאמַר אָדָם לַחֲבֵרוֹ, הַעַל אֶת הַפֵּרוֹת הָאֵלּוּ לִירוּשָׁלַיִם לְחַלֵּק, אֶלָּא אוֹמֵר לוֹ, הַעֲלֵם שֶׁנֹּאכְלֵם וְנִשְׁתֵּם בִּירוּשָׁלָיִם. אֲבָל נוֹתְנִים זֶה לָזֶה מַתְּנַת חִנָּם:

One should not say to his friend: “Carry up this [second tithe] produce to Jerusalem that in order to divide it.” Rather he should say to him, “Carry it up that so that we may eat and drink of it in Jerusalem.” But people may give it to one another as a free gift.

2 ב

אֵין לוֹקְחִין תְּרוּמָה בְּכֶסֶף מַעֲשֵׂר שֵׁנִי, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהוּא מְמַעֵט בַּאֲכִילָתוֹ, וְרַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן מַתִּיר. אָמַר לָהֶם רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן, מָה אִם הֵקֵל בְּזִבְחֵי שְׁלָמִים, שֶׁהוּא מְבִיאָן לִידֵי פִגּוּל וְנוֹתָר וְטָמֵא, לֹא נָקֵל בַּתְּרוּמָה. אָמְרוּ לוֹ, מָה אִם הֵקֵל בְּזִבְחֵי שְׁלָמִים, שֶׁהֵן מֻתָּרִים לְזָרִים, נָקֵל בַּתְּרוּמָה, שֶׁהִיא אֲסוּרָה לְזָרִים:

One may not buy terumah with maaser sheni money, because this reduces the number of those who can eat it. But Rabbi Shimon permits it. Rabbi Shimon said to them: If the law is lenient in the case of wellbeing offerings, though they may become unfit or a remnant or unclean, why should it not also be lenient with regard to terumah? But they said to him: The law was lenient in the case of wellbeing offerings, because they are permitted to non-priests, but should we therefore be lenient with regard to terumah, which is forbidden to non-priests?

3 ג

מִי שֶׁהָיוּ לוֹ מָעוֹת בִּירוּשָׁלַיִם וְצָרִיךְ לוֹ, וְלַחֲבֵרוֹ פֵרוֹת, אוֹמֵר לַחֲבֵרוֹ, הֲרֵי הַמָּעוֹת הָאֵלּוּ מְחֻלָּלִין עַל פֵּרוֹתֶיךָ. נִמְצָא זֶה אוֹכֵל פֵּרוֹתָיו בְּטָהֳרָה, וְהַלָּה עוֹשֶׂה צָרְכּוֹ בִּמְעוֹתָיו. וְלֹא יֹאמַר כֵּן לְעַם הָאָרֶץ, אֶלָּא בִדְמָאי:

One who has [second tithe] money in Jerusalem and he needs [to spend] it, and his friend had [non-sacred] produce, he may say to his friend: “Let this money be exchanged for your produce.” It turns out that the one [must] eat his produce in purity and the other may do what he needs with his money. But he may not say thus to an am haaretz except when [the money was] from [second tithe of] demai.

4 ד

פֵּרוֹת בִּירוּשָׁלַיִם וּמָעוֹת בַּמְּדִינָה, אוֹמֵר, הֲרֵי הַמָּעוֹת הָהֵם מְחֻלָּלִין עַל פֵּרוֹת הָאֵלּוּ. מָעוֹת בִּירוּשָׁלַיִם וּפֵרוֹת בַּמְּדִינָה, אוֹמֵר הֲרֵי הַמָּעוֹת הָאֵלּוּ מְחֻלָּלִין עַל פֵּרוֹת הָהֵם, וּבִלְבַד שֶׁיָּעֳלוּ הַפֵּרוֹת וְיֵאָכְלוּ בִירוּשָׁלָיִם:

If [one had hullin] produce in Jerusalem and [second tithe money] in the provinces, he may say: “Let that money be exchanged for this produce.” If [he had second tithe] money in Jerusalem and [hullin] produce in the provinces, he may say: “Let this money be exchanged for that produce,” as long as he will carry that produce and eat it in Jerusalem.

5 ה

מָעוֹת נִכְנָסוֹת לִירוּשָׁלַיִם וְיוֹצְאוֹת, וּפֵרוֹת נִכְנָסִין וְאֵינָן יוֹצְאִין. רַבָּן שִׁמְעוֹן בֶּן גַּמְלִיאֵל אוֹמֵר, אַף הַפֵּרוֹת נִכְנָסִין וְיוֹצְאִין:

[Second tithe] money may be brought into Jerusalem and taken out again, but [second tithe] produce may only be brought in, but not taken out again. Rabban Shimon ben Gamaliel says: produce also may be brought in and be taken out again.

6 ו

פֵּרוֹת שֶׁנִּגְמְרָה מְלַאכְתָּן וְעָבְרוּ בְתוֹךְ יְרוּשָׁלַיִם, יַחֲזֹר מַעֲשֵׂר שֵׁנִי שֶׁלָּהֶן וְיֵאָכֵל בִּירוּשָׁלָיִם. וְשֶׁלֹּא נִגְמְרָה מְלַאכְתָּן, סַלֵּי עֲנָבִים לַגַּת וְסַלֵּי תְאֵנִים לַמֻּקְצֶה, בֵּית שַׁמַּאי אוֹמְרִים, יַחֲזֹר מַעֲשֵׂר שֵׁנִי שֶׁלָּהֶם וְיֵאָכֵל בִּירוּשָׁלַיִם. וּבֵית הִלֵּל אוֹמְרִים, יִפָּדֶה וְיֵאָכֵל בְּכָל מָקוֹם. רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן בֶּן יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר מִשּׁוּם רַבִּי יוֹסֵי, לֹא נֶחְלְקוּ בֵית שַׁמַּאי וּבֵית הִלֵּל עַל פֵּרוֹת שֶׁלֹּא נִגְמְרָה מְלַאכְתָּן, שֶׁיִּפָּדֶה מַעֲשֵׂר שֵׁנִי שֶׁלָּהֶם וְיֵאָכֵל בְּכָל מָקוֹם. וְעַל מַה נֶחְלְקוּ, עַל פֵּרוֹת שֶׁנִּגְמְרָה מְלַאכְתָּן, שֶׁבֵּית שַׁמַּאי אוֹמְרִים, יַחֲזֹר מַעֲשֵׂר שֵׁנִי שֶׁלָּהֶם וְיֵאָכֵל בִּירוּשָׁלָיִם. וּבֵית הִלֵּל אוֹמְרִים, יִפָּדֶה וְיֵאָכֵל בְּכָל מָקוֹם. וְהַדְּמַאי, נִכְנָס וְיוֹצֵא וְנִפְדֶּה:

Produce whose processing was completed and it passed through Jerusalem, its second tithe must be brought back and eaten in Jerusalem. If its processing had not been completed, [such as] baskets of grapes [that were going] to the wine-press or baskets of figs [that were going] to the drying-place: Bet Shammai says: its second tithe must be brought back and be eaten in Jerusalem. But Bet Hillel says: it may be redeemed and eaten anywhere. Rabbi Shimon ben Judah says in the name of Rabbi Yose: Bet Shammai and Bet Hillel did not disagree concerning produce whose processing had not been completed that its second tithe may be redeemed and be eaten anywhere. What did they disagree about? About produce whose processing was completed. Bet Shammai says that its second tithe must be brought back and be eaten in Jerusalem. And Bet Hillel says that it may be redeemed and be eaten anywhere. [The second tithe of] demai may [always] be brought in and taken out again and be redeemed.

7 ז

אִילָן שֶׁהוּא עוֹמֵד בִּפְנִים וְנוֹטֶה לַחוּץ, אוֹ עוֹמֵד בַּחוּץ וְנוֹטֶה לִפְנִים, מִכְּנֶגֶד הַחוֹמָה וְלִפְנִים, כְּלִפְנִים. מִכְּנֶגֶד הַחוֹמָה וְלַחוּץ, כְּלַחוּץ. בָּתֵּי הַבַּדִּים שֶׁפִּתְחֵיהֶן לִפְנִים וַחֲלָלָן לַחוּץ, אוֹ שֶׁפִּתְחֵיהֶן לַחוּץ וַחֲלָלָן לִפְנִים, בֵּית שַׁמַּאי אוֹמְרִים, הַכֹּל כְּלִפְנִים. וּבֵית הִלֵּל אוֹמְרִים, מִכְּנֶגֶד הַחוֹמָה וְלִפְנִים, כְּלִפְנִים. מִכְּנֶגֶד הַחוֹמָה וְלַחוּץ, כְּלַחוּץ:

A tree which stood within [Jerusalem] and was bending outwards, or if it stood outside [Jerusalem] and was bending inwards, what is opposite the wall and inwards is deemed as being within, and what is opposite the wall and outwards is deemed as being outside. Olive-presses which have their entrance within and their inner space outside, or which have their entrance outside and their inner space within: Bet Shammai says: the whole is deemed as being within. But Bet Hillel says: what is opposite the wall and inwards is deemed as being within, and what is opposite the wall and outwards is deemed as being outside.

8 ח

הַלְּשָׁכוֹת, בְּנוּיוֹת בַּקֹּדֶשׁ וּפְתוּחוֹת לַחֹל, תּוֹכָן חֹל וְגַגּוֹתֵיהֶן קֹדֶשׁ. בְּנוּיוֹת בַּחֹל וּפְתוּחוֹת לַקֹּדֶשׁ, תּוֹכָן קֹדֶשׁ וְגַגּוֹתֵיהֶן חֹל. בְּנוּיוֹת בַּקֹּדֶשׁ וּבַחֹל וּפְתוּחוֹת לַקֹּדֶשׁ וְלַחֹל, תּוֹכָן וְגַגּוֹתֵיהֶן מִכְּנֶגֶד הַקֹּדֶשׁ וְלַקֹּדֶשׁ, קֹדֶשׁ, מִכְּנֶגֶד הַחֹל וְלַחֹל, חֹל:

The chambers [of the Temple] which were built on holy ground but were open towards common ground: their interior was deemed common and their roofs were deemed holy. Those which were built on common ground but were open towards holy ground: their interior was deemed holy and their roofs were deemed common. Those which were built both on holy and on common ground and were open both towards holy and common ground: the interior and the roofs that were on holy ground and inwards were deemed holy, but [the interior and roofs] on common ground and outwards were deemed common.

9 ט

מַעֲשֵׂר שֵׁנִי שֶׁנִּכְנַס לִירוּשָׁלַיִם וְנִטְמָא, בֵּין שֶׁנִּטְמָא בְאַב הַטֻּמְאָה, בֵּין שֶׁנִּטְמָא בִּוְלַד הַטֻּמְאָה, בֵּין בִּפְנִים בֵּין בַּחוּץ, בֵּית שַׁמַּאי אוֹמְרִים, יִפָּדֶה וְיֵאָכֵל הַכֹּל בִּפְנִים, חוּץ מִשֶּׁנִּטְמָא בְּאַב הַטֻּמְאָה בַּחוּץ. וּבֵית הִלֵּל אוֹמְרִים, הַכֹּל יִפָּדֶה וְיֵאָכֵל בַּחוּץ, חוּץ מִשֶּׁנִּטְמָא בִּוְלַד הַטֻּמְאָה בִּפְנִים:

Second tithe which was brought into Jerusalem and became unclean, whether it became unclean by a principal defilement or by a secondary defilement, whether it became unclean within [Jerusalem] or outside:Bet Shammai says: it must all be redeemed and be eaten within except that which became unclean by a principal defilement outside. But Bet Hillel says: it must all be redeemed and may be eaten outside except that which became unclean by a secondary defilement within.

10 י

הַלָּקוּחַ בְּכֶסֶף מַעֲשֵׂר שֵׁנִי שֶׁנִּטְמָא, יִפָּדֶה. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, יִקָּבֵר. אָמְרוּ לוֹ לְרַבִּי יְהוּדָה, וּמָה אִם מַעֲשֵׂר שֵׁנִי עַצְמוֹ שֶׁנִּטְמָא, הֲרֵי הוּא נִפְדֶּה, הַלָּקוּחַ בְּכֶסֶף מַעֲשֵׂר שֵׁנִי שֶׁנִּטְמָא, אֵינוֹ דִין שֶׁיִּפָּדֶה. אָמַר לָהֶם, לֹא, אִם אֲמַרְתֶּם בְּמַעֲשֵׂר שֵׁנִי עַצְמוֹ, שֶׁכֵּן הוּא נִפְדֶּה בְטָהוֹר בְּרִחוּק מָקוֹם, תֹּאמְרוּ בְלָקוּחַ בְּכֶסֶף מַעֲשֵׂר, שֶׁאֵינוֹ נִפְדֶּה בְטָהוֹר בְּרִחוּק מָקוֹם:

If that which was bought with maaser sheni money became unclean, it should be redeemed. R. Judah says: it must be buried. They said to Rabbi Judah: if maaser sheni itself when it became unclean may be redeemed, should not also that which is bought with maaser sheni money be redeemed when it became unclean? He said to them: No! If you say this of maaser sheni itself, it is because it may be redeemed also when pure at a distance from the [holy] place. But how can you say this of that which is bought with maaser sheni money, seeing that it cannot be redeemed when clean at a distance from the [holy] place.

11 יא

צְבִי שֶׁלְּקָחוֹ בְּכֶסֶף מַעֲשֵׂר, וָמֵת, יִקָּבֵר עַל יְדֵי עוֹרוֹ. רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן אוֹמֵר, יִפָּדֶה. לְקָחוֹ חַי וּשְׁחָטוֹ וְנִטְמָא, יִפָּדֶה. רַבִּי יוֹסֵי אוֹמֵר, יִקָּבֵר. לְקָחוֹ שָׁחוּט וְנִטְמָא, הֲרֵי הוּא כְפֵרוֹת:

If a deer which had been bought with maaser sheni money died, it must be buried together with its hide. Rabbi Shimon says: it may be redeemed. If it was bought alive and slaughtered and it then became unclean, it may be redeemed. Rabbi Yose says: it must be buried. If it was bought slaughtered and it became unclean, behold it is like produce.

12 יב

הַמַּשְׁאִיל קַנְקַנִּין לְמַעֲשֵׂר שֵׁנִי, אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁגָּפָן, לֹא קָנָה מַעֲשֵׂר. זָלַף לְתוֹכָן סְתָם, עַד שֶׁלֹּא גָפָן, לֹא קָנָה מַעֲשֵׂר. מִשֶּׁגָּפָן, קָנָה מַעֲשֵׂר. עַד שֶׁלֹּא גָפָן, עוֹלוֹת בְּאֶחָד וּמֵאָה, וּמִשֶּׁגָּפָן, מְקַדְּשׁוֹת בְּכָל שֶׁהֵן. עַד שֶׁלֹּא גָפָן, תּוֹרֵם מֵאַחַת עַל הַכֹּל, וּמִשֶּׁגָּפָן, תּוֹרֵם מִכָּל אַחַת וְאֶחָת:

One who lends jars for maaser sheni [wine], even if they were corked, they do not acquire [the sanctity of] maaser sheni. If wine was poured into them without specifying [that it was for sale] they do not acquire [the sanctity of] maaser sheni before they are corked, but after they are corked they acquire [the sanctity of] maaser sheni. Before they are corked they are neutralized in a hundred and one, but after they are corked they sanctify any quantity. Before they are corked terumah may be taken from one jar for all the others, but after they are corked terumah must be taken from each jar separately.

13 יג

בֵּית שַׁמַּאי אוֹמְרִים, מְפַתֵּחַ וּמְעָרֶה לַגַּת. וּבֵית הִלֵּל אוֹמְרִים, מְפַתֵּחַ וְאֵינוֹ צָרִיךְ לְעָרוֹת. בַּמֶּה דְבָרִים אֲמוּרִים, בְּמָקוֹם שֶׁדַּרְכָּן לִמְכֹּר סְתוּמוֹת. אֲבָל בְּמָקוֹם שֶׁדַּרְכָּן לִמְכֹּר פְּתוּחוֹת, לֹא יָצָא קַנְקַן לְחֻלִּין. אֲבָל אִם רָצָה לְהַחְמִיר עַל עַצְמוֹ לִמְכֹּר בְּמִדָּה, יָצָא קַנְקַן לְחֻלִּין. רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן אוֹמֵר, אַף הָאוֹמֵר לַחֲבֵרוֹ, חָבִית זוֹ אֲנִי מוֹכֵר לְךָ חוּץ מִקַּנְקַנִּים, יָצָא קַנְקַן לְחֻלִּין:

Bet Shammai says: the jars must be opened and emptied into the wine-press. Bet Hillel says: they must be opened but need not be emptied. When does this apply? In a place where they are usually sold closed, but in a place where they are usually sold open, the jar does not revert to hullin. If, however, he wishes to be stringent upon himself and to sell [only] by measure, the jar reverts hullin. Rabbi Shimon says: also when one says to his friend, “This jar [of wine] I am selling to you from its jar, the jar reverts to hullin.