Mishnah Kinnim
1א׳
1 א

חַטַּאת הָעוֹף נַעֲשֵׂית לְמַטָּה, וְחַטַּאת בְּהֵמָה לְמַעְלָה. עוֹלַת הָעוֹף נַעֲשֵׂית לְמַעְלָה, וְעוֹלַת הַבְּהֵמָה לְמַטָּה. אִם שִׁנָּה בָּזֶה וּבָזֶה, פָּסוּל. סֵדֶר קִנִּים כָּךְ הוּא. הַחוֹבָה, אֶחָד חַטָּאת וְאֶחָד עוֹלָה. בִּנְדָרִים וּנְדָבוֹת, כֻּלָּן עוֹלוֹת. אֵיזֶהוּ נֶדֶר, הָאוֹמֵר הֲרֵי עָלַי עוֹלָה. וְאֵיזוֹ הִיא נְדָבָה, הָאוֹמֵר הֲרֵי זוֹ עוֹלָה. מַה בֵּין נְדָרִים לִנְדָבוֹת. אֶלָּא שֶׁהַנְּדָרִים, מֵתוּ אוֹ נִגְנְבוּ, חַיָּבִים בְּאַחֲרָיוּתָם. וּנְדָבוֹת, מֵתוּ אוֹ נִגְנְבוּ, אֵין חַיָּבִים בְּאַחֲרָיוּתָן:

A bird hatat is performed below [the red line], but a beast hatat is performed above [the red line]. A bird olah is performed above, but a beast olah below. If he changed this procedure with either, then the offering is disqualified. The seder [ordered ritual] in the case of kinnim is as follows: In the case of obligatory offerings, one [bird] is a hatat and one an olah. In the case of vows and freewill offerings, however, all are olot. What constitutes a vow? When one says: "It is incumbent upon me to bring an olah." And what constitutes a freewill-offering? When one says: "Behold, this shall be an olah." What is the [practical] difference between vows and freewill offerings? In the case of vows, if they die or are stolen, one is responsible for their replacement; But in the case of freewill offerings, if they die or are stolen, one is not responsible for their replacement.

2 ב

חַטָּאת שֶׁנִּתְעָרְבָה בְעוֹלָה וְעוֹלָה בְחַטָּאת, אֲפִלּוּ אֶחָד בְּרִבּוֹא, יָמוּתוּ כֻלָּם. חַטָּאת שֶׁנִּתְעָרְבָה בְחוֹבָה, אֵין כָּשֵׁר אֶלָּא כְמִנְיַן חַטָּאוֹת שֶׁבַּחוֹבָה. וְכֵן עוֹלָה שֶׁנִּתְעָרְבָה בְחוֹבָה, אֵין כָּשֵׁר אֶלָּא כְמִנְיַן עוֹלוֹת שֶׁבַּחוֹבָה, בֵּין שֶׁהַחוֹבָה מְרֻבָּה וְהַנְּדָבָה מְמֻעֶטֶת, בֵּין שֶׁהַנְּדָבָה מְרֻבָּה וְהַחוֹבָה מְמֻעֶטֶת, בֵּין שֶׁשְּׁתֵּיהֶן שָׁווֹת:

If a hatat becomes mixed up with an olah, or an olah with a hatat, were it even one in ten thousand, they all must be left to die. If a hatat becomes mixed up with [unassigned] obligatory [bird] offerings, the only ones that are valid are those that correspond to the number of hatats among the obligatory offerings. Similarly, if an olah becomes mixed up with [unassigned] obligatory [bird] offerings, the only ones that are valid are those that correspond to the number of olot among the obligatory offerings [This rule holds true] whether the [unassigned] obligatory offerings are in the majority and the freewill-offerings in the minority, or the freewill-offerings are in the majority and those that are obligatory in the minority, or whether they are both equal in number.

3 ג

בַּמֶּה דְבָרִים אֲמוּרִים, בְּחוֹבָה וּבִנְדָבָה. אֲבָל בְּחוֹבָה שֶׁנִּתְעָרְבָה זוֹ בָזוֹ, אַחַת לָזוֹ וְאַחַת לָזוֹ, שְׁתַּיִם לָזוֹ וּשְׁתַּיִם לָזוֹ, שָׁלשׁ לָזוֹ וְשָׁלשׁ לָזוֹ, מֶחֱצָה כָּשֵׁר וּמֶחֱצָה פָּסוּל. אַחַת לָזוֹ וּשְׁתַּיִם לָזוֹ, וְשָׁלשׁ לָזוֹ, וְעֶשֶׂר לָזוֹ, וּמֵאָה לָזוֹ, הַמֻּעָט כָּשֵׁר, בֵּין מִשֵּׁם אֶחָד, בֵּין מִשְּׁנֵי שֵׁמוֹת, בֵּין מֵאִשָּׁה אַחַת, בֵּין מִשְּׁתֵּי נָשִׁים:

When is this so? When obligatory offerings [get mixed up] with voluntary offerings. When, however, obligatory offerings get mixed up one with another, with one [pair] belonging to one [woman] and the other pair to another [woman], or two [pairs] belonging to one and two [pairs] to another, or three [pairs] to one and three [pairs] to another, then half of these are valid and the other half disqualified. If one [pair] belongs to one [woman] and two pairs to another, or three pairs to another, or ten pairs to another or one hundred to another, only the lesser number remains valid. Whether they are of the same denomination or of two denominations, or whether they belong to one woman or to two.

4 ד

כֵּיצַד מִשֵּׁם אֶחָד, לֵידָה וְלֵידָה, זִיבָה וְזִיבָה, מִשֵּׁם אֶחָד. מִשְּׁנֵי שֵׁמוֹת, לֵידָה וְזִיבָה. כֵּיצַד שְׁתֵּי נָשִׁים, עַל זוֹ לֵידָה וְעַל זוֹ לֵידָה, עַל זוֹ זִיבָה וְעַל זוֹ זִיבָה, מִשֵּׁם אֶחָד. מִשְּׁנֵי שֵׁמוֹת, עַל זוֹ לֵידָה וְעַל זוֹ זִיבָה. רַבִּי יוֹסֵי אוֹמֵר, שְׁתֵּי נָשִׁים שֶׁלָּקְחוּ קִנֵּיהֶן בְּעֵרוּב, אוֹ שֶׁנָּתְנוּ דְמֵי קִנֵּיהֶן לַכֹּהֵן, לְאֵיזוֹ שֶׁיִּרְצֶה כֹהֵן יַקְרִיב חַטָּאת, וּלְאֵיזוֹ שֶׁיִּרְצֶה כֹהֵן יַקְרִיב עוֹלָה, בֵּין מִשֵּׁם אֶחָד, בֵּין מִשְּׁנֵי שֵׁמוֹת:

What is meant by one "name"? For a birth and a birth, or for zivah and zivah, that is one name. And "two names"? For a birth, [and the other] for a zivah. What is meant by "two women"? [When] one [woman] brings [her offering] for a birth and the other for a birth, or [when one brings] for a zivah and the other for a zivah this is "of one name". And a case "of two names"? When one brings for a birth and the other for a zivah. Rabbi Yose says: when two women purchased their kinnim in partnership, or gave the price of their kinnim to the priest [for him to purchase them], then the priest can offer whichever one he wants as a hatat or as an olah, whether they are of one name or of two names.