2ב׳
1 א

כְּלֵי עֵץ, וּכְלֵי עוֹר, וּכְלֵי עֶצֶם, וּכְלֵי זְכוּכִית, פְּשׁוּטֵיהֶן טְהוֹרִים, וּמְקַבְּלֵיהֶן טְמֵאִים. נִשְׁבְּרוּ, טָהָרוּ. חָזַר וְעָשָׂה מֵהֶם כֵּלִים, מְקַבְּלִין טֻמְאָה מִכָּאן וּלְהַבָּא. כְּלֵי חֶרֶס וּכְלֵי נֶתֶר, טֻמְאָתָן שָׁוָה. מִטַּמְּאִין וּמְטַמְּאִין בַּאֲוִיר, וּמִטַּמְּאִין מֵאֲחוֹרֵיהֶן, וְאֵינָן מִטַּמְּאִין מִגַּבֵּיהֶן, וּשְׁבִירָתָן הִיא טָהֳרָתָן:

Vessels of wood, vessels of leather, vessels of bone or vessels of glass: If they are simple they are clean If they form a receptacle they are unclean. If they were broken they become clean again. If one remade them into vessels they are susceptible to impurity henceforth. Earthen vessels and vessels of sodium carbonate are equal in respect of impurity: they contract and convey impurity through their air-space; they convey impurity through the outside but they do not become impure through their backs; and when broken they become clean.

2 ב

הַדַּקִּין שֶׁבִּכְלֵי חֶרֶס, וְקַרְקְרוֹתֵיהֶן, וְדָפְנוֹתֵיהֶן יוֹשְׁבִין שֶׁלֹּא מְסֻמָּכִין, שִׁעוּרָן, מִכְּדֵי סִיכַת קָטָן וְעַד לֹג. מִלֹּג וְעַד סְאָה, בִּרְבִיעִית. מִסְּאָה וְעַד סָאתַיִם, בַּחֲצִי לֹג. מִסָּאתַיִם וְעַד שָׁלֹשׁ וְעַד חָמֵשׁ סְאִין, בְּלֹג, דִּבְרֵי רַבִּי יִשְׁמָעֵאל. רַבִּי עֲקִיבָא אוֹמֵר, אֲנִי אֵינִי נוֹתֵן בָּהֶן מִדָּה, אֶלָּא, הַדַּקִּין שֶׁבִּכְלֵי חֶרֶס, וְקַרְקְרוֹתֵיהֶן, וְדָפְנוֹתֵיהֶן יוֹשְׁבִין שֶׁלֹּא מְסֻמָּכִין, שִׁעוּרָן מִכְּדֵי סִיכַת קָטָן וְעַד קְדֵרוֹת הַדַּקּוֹת. מֵהַקְּדֵרוֹת הַדַּקּוֹת וְעַד חָבִיּוֹת לוּדִיּוֹת, בִּרְבִיעִית. מִלּוּדִיּוֹת וְעַד לַחְמִיּוֹת, בַּחֲצִי לֹג. מִלַּחְמִיּוֹת וְעַד חֲצָבִים גְּדוֹלִים, בְּלֹג. רַבָּן יוֹחָנָן בֶּן זַכַּאי אוֹמֵר, חֲצָבִים גְּדוֹלִים, שִׁעוּרָן בִּשְׁנֵי לֻגִּין. הַפַּכִּים הַגְּלִילִים וְהֶחָבִיּוֹנוֹת, שִׁעוּר קַרְקְרוֹתֵיהֶן כָּל שֶׁהֵן, וְאֵין לָהֶם דְּפָנוֹת:

As regards the smallest earthen vessels, and the bottoms and sides [of the larger but broken vessels] that can stand unsupported: The prescribed size is a capacity to hold oil sufficient for the anointing of a little finger of a child [if their former capacity] was that of a log. If [their former capacity] was from one log to a se'ah [their present capacity] must be a quarter of a log. If it was from a se'ah to two se'ah it must be half a log. If from two se'ah to three se'ah or as much as five se'ah it must be a log, the words of Rabbi Ishmael. Rabbi Akiva says: I do not prescribe any size for the unbroken vessels, rather: as regards the smallest earthen vessels, and the bottoms and sides [of larger but broken ones] that can stand unsupported: The prescribed size is a capacity to hold enough oil to anoint the little finger of a child. [This size is prescribed for pots] that are not bigger than the small cooking-pots. For small cooking-pots and for those between these and the jars from Lydda the prescribed capacity is a quarter of a log. For those which have a size between that of Lydda jars and Bethlehem jars the capacity must be that of half a log. For those between Bethlehem jars and large stone jars the capacity must be that of a log. Rabbi Yohanan ben Zakkai says: [the prescribed capacity for the fragments] of large stone jars is two logs, and that for the bottoms of broken Galilean flasks and small jars is any whatsoever, but the fragments of their sides are not susceptible to impurity

3 ג

הַטְּהוֹרִין שֶׁבִּכְלֵי חֶרֶס, טַבְלָה שֶׁאֵין לָהּ לִזְבֵּז, וּמַחְתָּה פְרוּצָה, וְאַבּוּב שֶׁל קַלָּאִין, וְסִילוֹנוֹת, אַף עַל פִּי כְפוּפִין אַף עַל פִּי מְקַבְּלִין, וְכַבְכָּב שֶׁעֲשָׂאוֹ לְסַל הַפַּת, וּטְפִי שֶׁהִתְקִינוֹ לָעֲנָבִים, וְחָבִית שֶׁל שַׁיָּטִין, וְחָבִית דְּפוּנָה בְשׁוּלֵי הַמַּחַץ, וְהַמִּטָּה, וְהַכִּסֵּא, וְהַסַּפְסָל, וְהַשֻּׁלְחָן, וְהַסְּפִינָה, וְהַמְּנוֹרָה שֶׁל חֶרֶס, הֲרֵי אֵלּוּ טְהוֹרִים. זֶה הַכְּלָל, כֹּל שֶׁאֵין לוֹ תוֹךְ בִּכְלֵי חֶרֶס, אֵין לוֹ אֲחוֹרָיִם:

The following are not susceptible to impurity among earthen vessels: A tray without a rim, A broken incense-pan, A pierced pan for roasting corn, Gutters even if they are bent and even if they have some form of receptacle, A cooking vessel that was turned into a bread-basket cover, A bucket that was turned into a cover for grapes, A barrel used for swimmers, A small jar fixed to the sides of a ladle, A bed, a stool, a bench, a table, a ship, and an earthen lamp, behold these are no susceptible to impurity. The following is a general rule: any among earthen vessels that has no inner part is not susceptible to impurity on its outer sides.

4 ד

פַּנָּס שֶׁיֶּשׁ בּוֹ בֵית קִבּוּל שֶׁמֶן, טָמֵא. וְשֶׁאֵין בּוֹ, טָהוֹר. מְגוּפַת הַיּוֹצְרִין שֶׁהוּא פוֹתֵחַ בָּהּ, טְהוֹרָה. וְשֶׁהוּא גוֹמֵר בָּהּ, טְמֵאָה. מַשְׁפֵּךְ שֶׁל בַּעֲלֵי בָתִּים, טָהוֹר. וְשֶׁל רוֹכְלִין, טָמֵא, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהוּא שֶׁל מִדָּה, דִּבְרֵי רַבִּי יְהוּדָה בֶן בְּתֵירָא. רַבִּי עֲקִיבָא אוֹמֵר, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהוּא מַטֵּהוּ עַל צִדּוֹ וּמֵרִיחַ בּוֹ לַלּוֹקֵחַ:

A lantern that has a receptacle for oil is susceptible to impurity, but one that has none is not susceptible. A potter's mould on which one begins to shape the clay is not susceptible to impurity, but that on which one finishes it is susceptible. A funnel for home use is not susceptible to impurity, but that of merchants is susceptible because it also serves as a measure, the words of Rabbi Judah ben Batera. Rabbi Akiva says: because he puts it on its side to let the buyer smell it.

5 ה

כִּסּוּי כַּדֵּי יַיִן וְכַדֵּי שֶׁמֶן, וְכִסּוּי חָבִיוֹת נְיָרוֹת, טְהוֹרִין. וְאִם הִתְקִינוֹ לְתַשְׁמִישׁ, טְמֵאִים. כְּסוּי הַלְּפָס, בִּזְמַן שֶׁהוּא נָקוּב וְיֶשׁ לוֹ חִדּוּד, טָהוֹר. אִם אֵינוֹ נָקוּב וְאֵין לוֹ חִדּוּד, טָמֵא, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהִיא מְסַנֶּנֶת לְתוֹכוֹ אֶת הַיָּרָק. רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר בַּר צָדוֹק אוֹמֵר, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהִיא הוֹפֶכֶת עָלָיו אֶת הָרוּנְקִי:

The covers of wine jars and oil jars and the covers of papyrus jars are not susceptible to impurity But if he adapted them for use as receptacles they are susceptible. The cover of a pot: When it has a hole or it has a point, it is not susceptible to impurity, But if it does not have a hole or a pointed top it is susceptible because she drains the vegetables into it. Rabbi Eliezer bar Zadok says: because she turns out the contents [of the pot] on to it.

6 ו

גִּסְטְרָא שֶׁנִּמְצֵאת בַּכִּבְשָׁן, עַד שֶׁלֹּא נִגְמְרָה מְלַאכְתָּהּ, טְהוֹרָה. מִשֶּׁנִּגְמְרָה מְלַאכְתָּהּ, טְמֵאָה. טִיטְרוֹס, רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר בַּר צָדוֹק מְטַהֵר. רַבִּי יוֹסֵי מְטַמֵּא, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהוּא כְמוֹצִיא פְרוּטוֹת:

A damaged jar found in a furnace: Before its manufacture was complete it is not susceptible to impurity, But if after its manufacture was complete it is susceptible. A sprinkler: Rabbi Eliezer bar Zadok holds it is not susceptible to impurity; But Rabbi Yose holds it to be susceptible because it lets the liquid out in drops only.

7 ז

הַטְּמֵאִין שֶׁבִּכְלֵי חֶרֶס, טַבְלָה שֶׁיֶּשׁ לָהּ לִזְבֵּז, וּמַחְתָּה שְׁלֵמָה, וְטַבְלָה שֶׁהִיא מְלֵאָה קְעָרוֹת. נִטְמֵאת אַחַת מֵהֶם בְּשֶׁרֶץ, לֹא נִטְמְאוּ כֻלָּם. אִם יֶשׁ לָהּ לִזְבֵּז עוֹדֵף, נִטְמְאָה אַחַת מֵהֶם, נִטְמְאוּ כֻלָּן. וְכֵן בֵּית תְּבָלִין שֶׁל חֶרֶס, וְקַלְמָרִים הַמְּתֹאָמוֹת. וּבֵית תְּבָלִין שֶׁל עֵץ, שֶׁנִּטְמָא אֶחָד בְּמַשְׁקֶה, לֹא נִטְמָא חֲבֵרוֹ. רַבִּי יוֹחָנָן בֶּן נוּרִי אוֹמֵר, חוֹלְקִין אֶת עָבְיוֹ. הַמְשַׁמֵּשׁ לַטָּמֵא, טָמֵא. הַמְשַׁמֵּשׁ לַטָּהוֹר, טָהוֹר. אִם יֶשׁ לוֹ לִזְבֵּז עוֹדֵף, נִטְמָא אַחַד מֵהֶם, נִטְמָא חֲבֵרוֹ:

The following among earthen vessels are susceptible to impurity:A tray with a rim, An unbroken fire-pan, And a tray made up of dishes, If one of them was defiled by a [dead] creeping thing they do not all become unclean, But if it had a rim that projected above the rims of the dishes and one of them was defiled all are unclean. Similarly with an earthen spice-box and a double ink-pot. If one container was defiled from a liquid, the other is not unclean. Rabbi Yohanan ben Nuri says: its thickness is divided and that side which serves the unclean one is unclean while that which serves the clean one remains clean. If its rim projects above the others and one of them contracted impurity the other is unclean.

8 ח

הַלַּפִּיד, טָמֵא. וּבֵית שִׁקְעוֹ שֶׁל נֵר, מִטַּמֵּא בַאֲוִיר. הַמַּסְרֵק שֶׁל צַרְצוּר, רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר מְטַהֵר, וַחֲכָמִים מְטַמְּאִין:

A torch is susceptible to impurity. And the reservoir of a lamp contracts impurity through its air- space. The comb of a tzartzur: Rabbi Eliezer says: it is not susceptible to impurity, But the sages say that it is susceptible.