16ט״ז
1 א

כָּל כְּלִי עֵץ שֶׁנֶּחֱלַק לִשְׁנַיִם, טָהוֹר, חוּץ מִשֻּׁלְחָן הַכָּפוּל, וְתַמְחוּי הַמִּזְנוֹן, וְהָאֱפִיפוֹרִין שֶׁל בַּעֲלֵי הַבָּיִת. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, אַף הַמָּגֵס, וְקוֹד הַבַּבְלִי כַּיּוֹצֵא בָהֶן. כְּלֵי עֵץ, מֵאֵימָתַי מְקַבְּלִין טֻמְאָה. הַמִּטָּה וְהָעֲרִיסָה, מִשֶּׁיְּשׁוּפֵם בְּעוֹר הַדָּג. גָּמַר שֶׁלֹּא לָשׁוּף, טְמֵאָה. רַבִּי מֵאִיר אוֹמֵר, הַמִּטָּה, מִשֶּׁיְּסָרֵג בָּהּ שְׁלֹשָׁה בָתִּים:

A wooden vessel that was broken into two parts becomes clean, except for a folding table, a dish with compartments for [different kinds of] food, and a householder's footstool. Rabbi Judah says: a double dish and a Babylonian drinking vessel are subject to the same law. When do wooden vessels begin to be susceptible to impurity? A bed and a cot, after they are sanded with fishskin. If the owner determined not to sand them over they are susceptible to impurity. Rabbi Meir says: a bed becomes susceptible to impurity as soon as three rows of meshes have been knitted in it.

2 ב

הַסַּלִּים שֶׁל עֵץ, מִשֶּׁיַּחְסֹם וִיקַנֵּב. וְשֶׁל תְּמָרָה, אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁלֹּא קִנֵּב מִבִּפְנִים, טָמֵא, שֶׁכֵּן מְקַיְּמִין. כַּלְכָּלָה, מִשֶּׁיַּחְסֹם וִיקַנֵּב וְיִגְמֹר אֶת הַתְּלוֹיָה. בֵּית הַלְּגִינִין, וּבֵית הַכּוֹסוֹת, אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁלֹּא קִנֵּב מִבִּפְנִים, טָמֵא, שֶׁכֵּן מְקַיְּמִין:

Wooden baskets [become susceptible to impurity] as soon as their rims are rounded off and their rough ends are smoothed off. But those that are made of palm-branches [become susceptible to impurity] even though their ends were not smoothed off on the inside, since they are allowed to remain in this condition. A basket [of reed-grass becomes susceptible to impurity] as soon as its rim is rounded off, its rough ends are smoothed off, and its hanger is finished. A wicker basket flasks or for cups [is susceptible to impurity] even if the rough ends were not smoothed off on the inside, since these are allowed to remain in this condition.

3 ג

הַקְּנוֹנִין הַקְּטַנִּים, וְהַקְּלָתוֹת, מִשֶּׁיַּחְסֹם וִיקַנֵּב. הַקְּנוֹנִים הַגְּדוֹלִים, וְהַסּוּגִין הַגְּדוֹלִים, מִשֶּׁיַּעֲשֶׂה שְׁנֵי דוּרִים לָרֹחַב שֶׁלָּהֶם. יָם נָפָה, וּכְבָרָה, וְכַף שֶׁל מֹאזְנַיִם, מִשֶּׁיַּעֲשֶׂה דוּר אֶחָד לָרֹחַב שֶׁלָּהֶן. הַקֻּפָּה, מִשֶּׁיַּעֲשֶׂה שְׁתֵּי צְפִירוֹת לָרֹחַב שֶׁלָּהּ. וְהֶעָרָק, מִשֶּׁיַּעֲשֶׂה בוֹ צְפִירָה אֶחָת:

Small reed baskets and baskets [become susceptible to impurity] as soon as their rims are rounded off and their rough ends are smoothed off. Large reed baskets and large hampers, as soon as two rows have been made round their sides. The container of a sifter or a sieve and a cup of the balances, as soon as one circling band has been made round their sides. A willow basket, as soon as two twists have been made around its wide sides. And a rush basket, as soon as one twist has been made round it.

4 ד

כְּלֵי עוֹר, מֵאֵימָתַי מְקַבְּלִין טֻמְאָה. הַתּוּרְמֵל, מִשֶּׁיַּחְסֹם וִיקַנֵּב וְיַעֲשֶׂה קִיחוֹתָיו. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, מִשֶּׁיַּעֲשֶׂה אֶת אָזְנָיו. סְקֹרְטְיָא, מִשֶּׁיַּחְסֹם וִיקַנֵּב וְיַעֲשֶׂה אֶת צִיצָתָהּ. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, מִשֶּׁיַּעֲשֶׂה אֶת טַבְּעוֹתֶיהָ. קָטָבוֹלְיָא, מִשֶּׁיַּחְסֹם וִיקַנֵּב. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, מִשֶּׁיַּעֲשֶׂה אֶת קִיחוֹתֶיהָ. הַכַּר וְהַכֶּסֶת שֶׁל עוֹר, מִשֶּׁיַּחְסֹם וִיקַנֵּב. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, מִשֶּׁיִּתְפְּרֵם וִישַׁיֵּר בָּהֶם פָּחוֹת מֵחֲמִשָּׁה טְפָחִים:

When do leather vessels become susceptible to impurity?A leather pouch, as soon as its hem has been stitched, its rough ends trimmed and its straps sewn on. Rabbi Judah says: so soon as its ears have been sewn on. A leather apron [becomes susceptible to impurity] as soon as its hem has been stitched, its rough end trimmed and its strings sewn on. Rabbi Judah says: as soon as its loops have been sewn on. A leather bed cover [becomes susceptible] as soon as its hem has been stitched and its rough ends trimmed. Rabbi Judah says: as soon as its straps have been sewn on. A leather cushion or mattress [becomes susceptible] as soon as its hem has been stitched and its rough ends trimmed. Rabbi Judah says: as it has been sew up and less than five handbreadths remained open.

5 ה

פָּטִילְיָה, טְמֵאָה. וַחֲסִינָה, טְהוֹרָה. סִגְנִיּוֹת שֶׁל עָלִין, טְהוֹרוֹת. שֶׁל נְצָרִין, טְמֵאוֹת. חוֹתָל שֶׁהוּא נוֹתֵן לְתוֹכוֹ וְנוֹטֵל מִתּוֹכוֹ, טָמֵא. וְאִם אֵינוֹ יָכוֹל עַד שֶׁיִּקְרָעֶנּוּ אוֹ עַד שֶׁיַּתִּירֶנּוּ, טָהוֹר:

A basket [for figs] is susceptible to uncleanness but a basket for wheat is clean. Small baskets made of leaves are clean, but those made of branches are susceptible to uncleanness. The palm wrapping [in which dates are left] and into which they can be easily put and from which they can easily be taken out is susceptible to uncleanness, but if this cannot be done without tearing it or undoing it, it is clean.

6 ו

קְסָיָה שֶׁל זוֹרֵי גְרָנוֹת, שֶׁל הוֹלְכֵי דְרָכִים, שֶׁל עוֹשֵׂי פִשְׁתָּן, טְמֵאָה. אֲבָל שֶׁל צַבָּעִין וְשֶׁל נַפָּחִין, טְהוֹרָה. רַבִּי יוֹסֵי אוֹמֵר, אַף שֶׁל גָּרוֹסוֹת כַּיּוֹצֵא בָהֶן. זֶה הַכְּלָל, הֶעָשׂוּי לְקַבָּלָה, טָמֵא. מִפְּנֵי הַזֵּעָה, טָהוֹר:

The leather glove of winnowers, travelers, or flax workers is susceptible to uncleanness. But the one for dyers or blacksmiths is clean. Rabbi Yose says: the same law applies to the glove of grist dealers. This is the general rule: that which is made for holding anything is susceptible to uncleanness, but that which only affords protection against perspiration is clean.

7 ז

הַמַּלְקוֹט שֶׁל בָּקָר, וְהֶחָסִים שֶׁלּוֹ, וְהַמַּדָּף שֶׁל דְּבוֹרִים, וְהַמְּנָפָה, הֲרֵי אֵלּוּ טְהוֹרִין. כְּסוּי שֶׁל קֻפְסָא, טָמֵא. כְּסוּי קַמְטְרָא, טָהוֹר. כְּסוּי תֵּבָה, כְּסוּי טֶנִי, וְהַמַּכְבֵּשׁ שֶׁל חָרָשׁ, וְהַכֶּסֶת שֶׁתַּחַת הַתֵּבָה, וְהַקִּמְרוֹן שֶׁלָּהּ, וְאַנְגְּלִין שֶׁל סֵפֶר, בֵּית הַנֶּגֶר, בֵּית הַמַּנְעוּל, וּבֵית הַמְּזוּזָה, וְתִיק נְבָלִין, וְתִיק כִּנּוֹרֶת, וְהָאֵמוּם שֶׁל גּוֹדְלֵי מִצְנָפוֹת, וְהַמַּרְכּוֹף שֶׁל זַמָּר, וּרְבִיעִית שֶׁל אַלָּיִת, וּגְנוֹגְנִית הֶעָנִי, וְסָמוֹכוֹת הַמִּטָּה, וּטְפוּס שֶׁל תְּפִלָּה, וְאֵמוּם שֶׁל עוֹשֵׂה סוּתוֹת, הֲרֵי אֵלּוּ טְהוֹרִים. זֶה הַכְּלָל, אָמַר רַבִּי יוֹסֵי, כָּל מְשַׁמְּשֵׁי מְשַׁמְּשָׁיו שֶׁל אָדָם בִּשְׁעַת מְלָאכָה וְשֶׁלֹּא בִשְׁעַת מְלָאכָה, טָמֵא. וְכֹל שֶׁאֵינוֹ אֶלָּא בִשְׁעַת מְלָאכָה, טָהוֹר:

The dung bag of a bull and its muzzle, a bee shelf, and a fan are clean. The cover of a small box is susceptible to uncleanness; The cover of a clothes chest is clean. The cover of a box, the cover of a basket, a carpenter's vice, a cushion under a box or its arched cover, a reading-desk for a book, a bolt-socket, a lock-socket, a mezuzah case, a lyre case, a violin case, the block of the turban-makers, a wooden musical toy horse, the clappers of a wailing woman, a poor man's parasol, bed posts, a tefillin mould, and the mould of string makers all these are clean. This is the general rule which Rabbi Yose stated: all objects that serve as a protection to objects that a man uses, both when the latter are in use and when they are not in use, are susceptible to uncleanness; but those that serve them as a protection only when the latter are in use are clean.

8 ח

תִּיק הַסַּיִף וְהַסַּכִּין וְהַפִּגְיוֹן, תִּיק מִסְפֶּרֶת וּמִסְפָּרַיִם וְהַתַּעַר, תִּיק מִכְחוֹל, וּבֵית הַכּוֹחַל, תִּיק מַכְתֵּב, וּתְרוּנְתֵּק, תִּיק טַבְלָא וּסְקֹרְטְיָא, בֵּית הַחִצִּים, בֵּית הַפָּגוֹשׁוֹת, הֲרֵי אֵלּוּ טְמֵאִים. תִּיק סִמְפּוֹנְיָא, בִּזְמַן שֶׁהוּא נוֹתֵן מִלְמַעְלָה, טָמֵא. מִצִּדּוֹ, טָהוֹר. תִּיק חֲלִילִין, רַבִּי יְהוּדָה מְטַהֵר, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהוּא נוֹתְנוֹ מִצִּדּוֹ. חִפּוּי הָאַלָּה, הַקֶּשֶׁת, וְהָרֹמַח, הֲרֵי אֵלּוּ טְהוֹרִין. זֶה הַכְּלָל, הֶעָשׂוּי לְתִיק, טָמֵא. לְחִפּוּי, טָהוֹר:

The sheath of a sword, a knife or a dagger, the case for scissors, or shears or a razor, the case of make-up and the make-up box, the stylus case, the compass case, the tablet case, the case for a board, a quiver and a javelin case all these are susceptible to uncleanness. The case for a double flute is susceptible to uncleanness if the instrument is put in from above, but if it is put in from the side it is clean. A case for flutes Rabbi Judah says it is clean because these are put in from the side. The covering of a club, a bow or a spear is clean. This is the general rule: that which serves as a case is susceptible to uncleanness, but that which is merely a covering is clean.