15ט״ו
1 א

כְּלֵי עֵץ, כְּלֵי עוֹר, כְּלֵי עֶצֶם, כְּלֵי זְכוּכִית, פְּשׁוּטֵיהֶן טְהוֹרִין, וּמְקַבְּלֵיהֶן טְמֵאִים. נִשְׁבְּרוּ, טָהָרוּ. חָזַר וְעָשָׂה מֵהֶן כֵּלִים, מְקַבְּלִין טֻמְאָה מִכָּאן וּלְהַבָּא. הַשִּׁדָּה, וְהַתֵּבָה, וְהַמִּגְדָּל, כַּוֶּרֶת הַקַּשׁ, וְכַוֶּרֶת הַקָּנִים, וּבוֹר סְפִינָה אֲלֶכְּסַנְדְּרִית, שֶׁיֶּשׁ לָהֶם שׁוּלַיִם, וְהֵן מַחֲזִיקִין אַרְבָּעִים סְאָה בְלַח, שֶׁהֵם כּוֹרַיִם בְּיָבֵשׁ, הֲרֵי אֵלּוּ טְהוֹרִין. וּשְׁאָר כָּל הַכֵּלִים, בֵּין מְקַבְּלִין, בֵּין אֵינָם מְקַבְּלִין, טְמֵאִין, דִּבְרֵי רַבִּי מֵאִיר. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, דַּרְדּוּר עֲגָלָה, וְקֻסְטוֹת הַמְּלָכִים, וַעֲרֵבַת הָעַבְּדָנִין, וּבוֹר סְפִינָה קְטַנָּה, וְהָאָרוֹן, אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁמְּקַבְּלִין, טְמֵאִין, שֶׁאֵינָן עֲשׂוּיִן לִטַּלְטֵל אֶלָּא בְמַה שֶּׁבְּתוֹכָן. וּשְׁאָר כָּל הַכֵּלִים, הַמְּקַבְּלִים, טְהוֹרִין, וְשֶׁאֵינָן מְקַבְּלִין, טְמֵאִין. אֵין בֵּין דִּבְרֵי רַבִּי מֵאִיר לְדִבְרֵי רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אֶלָּא עֲרֵבַת בַּעַל הַבָּיִת:

Vessels of wood, leather, bone or glass: those that are flat are clean and those that form a receptacle are susceptible to impurity. If they are broken they become clean again. If one remade them into vessels they are susceptible to impurity henceforth. A chest, a box, a cupboard, a straw basket, a reed basket, or the tank of an Alexandrian ship, that have flat bottoms and can hold a minimum of forty se'ah in liquid measure which represent two kor in dry measure, are clean. All other vessels whether they can contain the minimum or cannot contain it, are susceptible to impurity, the words of Rabbi Meir. Rabbi Judah says: the tub of a wagon, the food chests of kings, the tanners trough, the tank of a small ship, and an ark, even though they are able to contain the minimum, are susceptible to impurity, since they are intended to be moved about with their contents. As to all other vessels, those that can contain the minimum are clean and those that cannot contain it are susceptible to impurity. There is no difference between Rabbi Meir and Rabbi Judah except a baking trough which belongs to a householder.

2 ב

אֲרוּבוֹת שֶׁל נַחְתּוֹמִים, טְמֵאוֹת. וְשֶׁל בַּעֲלֵי בָתִּים, טְהוֹרוֹת. סֵרְקָן אוֹ כִרְכְּמָן, טְמֵאוֹת. דַּף שֶׁל נַחְתּוֹמִין שֶׁקְּבָעוֹ בַכֹּתֶל, רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר מְטַהֵר, וַחֲכָמִים מְטַמְּאִים. סְרוֹד שֶׁל נַחְתּוֹמִין, טָמֵא. וְשֶׁל בַּעֲלֵי בָתִּים, טָהוֹר. גִּפְּפוֹ מֵאַרְבַּע רוּחוֹתָיו, טָמֵא. נִפְרַץ מֵרוּחַ אַחַת, טָהוֹר. רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן אוֹמֵר, אִם הִתְקִינוֹ לִהְיוֹת קוֹרֵץ עָלָיו, טָמֵא. וְכֵן הַמַּעֲרוֹךְ, טָמֵא:

Bakers’ baking-boards are susceptible to impurity, but those used by householders are clean. But if he dyed them red or saffron they are susceptible to impurity. If a bakers’ shelf was fixed to a wall: Rabbi Eliezer rules that it is clean And the sages rule that it is susceptible to impurity. The bakers' frame is susceptible to impurity but one used by householders is clean. If he made a rim on its four sides it is susceptible to impurity, but if one side was open it is clean. Rabbi Shimon says: if he fixed it so that one can cut the dough upon it, it is susceptible to impurity. Similarly, a rolling-pin is susceptible to impurity.

3 ג

יַם נָפָה שֶׁל סִלָּתִין, טָמֵא. וְשֶׁל בַּעֲלֵי בָתִּים, טָהוֹר. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, אַף שֶׁל גּוֹדֶלֶת טָמֵא מוֹשָׁב, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהַבָּנוֹת יוֹשְׁבוֹת בְּתוֹכוֹ וְגוֹדְלוֹת:

The container of the flour-dealers’ sifter is susceptible to impurity, but the one of a householder is clean. Rabbi Judah says: also one that is used by a hairdresser is susceptible to impurity as a seat, since girls sit in it when their hair is dressed.

4 ד

כָּל הַתְּלוֹיִים, טְמֵאִין, חוּץ מִתְּלוֹי נָפָה וּכְבָרָה שֶׁל בַּעַל הַבַּיִת, דִּבְרֵי רַבִּי מֵאִיר. וַחֲכָמִים אוֹמְרִים, כֻּלָּן טְהוֹרִין, חוּץ מִתְּלוֹי נָפָה שֶׁל סִלָּתִין, וּתְלוֹי כִּבְרַת גְּרָנוֹת, וּתְלוֹי מַגַּל יָד, וּתְלוֹי מַקֵּל הַבַּלָּשִׁין, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהֵן מְסַיְּעִין בִּשְׁעַת הַמְּלָאכָה. זֶה הַכְּלָל, הֶעָשׂוּי לְסַיֵּעַ בִּשְׁעַת מְלָאכָה, טָמֵא. הֶעָשׂוּי לִתְלוֹי, טָהוֹר:

All hangers are susceptible to impurity, except for those of a sifter and a sieve that are used by householders, the words of Rabbi Meir. But the sages say: all hangers are clean, excepting those of a sifter of flour-dealers, of a sieve used in threshing-floors, of a hand-sickle and of a detective's staff, since they aid when the instrument is in use. This is the general rule: [a hanger] that is intended to aid when the instrument is in use is susceptible to impurity and one intended to serve only as a hanger is clean.

5 ה

רַחַת שֶׁל גָּרוֹסוֹת, טְמֵאָה. שֶׁל אוֹצָרוֹת, טְהוֹרָה. שֶׁל גִּתּוֹת, טְמֵאָה. שֶׁל גְּרָנוֹת, טְהוֹרָה. זֶה הַכְּלָל, הֶעָשׂוּי לְקַבָּלָה, טָמֵא. לְכִנּוּס, טָהוֹר:

The grist-dealers’ shovel is susceptible to impurity but the one used in grain stores is clean. The one used in wine- presses is susceptible to impurity but that used in threshing- floors is clean. This is the general rule: [a shovel] that is intended to hold anything is susceptible to impurity but one intended only to heap stuff together is clean.

6 ו

נִבְלֵי הַשָּׁרָה, טְמֵאִין. וְנִבְלֵי בְנֵי לֵוִי, טְהוֹרִין. כָּל הַמַּשְׁקִין, טְמֵאִין. וּמַשְׁקֵה בֵית מַטְבְּחַיָּא, טְהוֹרִין. כָּל הַסְּפָרִים מְטַמְּאִין אֶת הַיָּדַיִם, חוּץ מִסֵּפֶר הָעֲזָרָה. הַמַּרְכּוֹף, טָהוֹר. הַבַּטְנוֹן, וְהַנִּקְטְמוֹן, וְהָאֵרוּס, הֲרֵי אֵלּוּ טְמֵאִים. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, הָאֵרוּס טָמֵא מוֹשָׁב, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהָאַלָּיִת יוֹשֶׁבֶת עָלָיו. מְצֻדַּת הַחֻלְדָּה, טְמֵאָה. וְשֶׁל הָעַכְבָּרִין, טְהוֹרָה:

Ordinary harps are susceptible to impurity, but the harps of Levites are clean. All liquids are susceptible to impurity, but the liquids in the Temple slaughtering house are clean. All scrolls convey impurity to the hands, excepting the scroll of the Temple courtyard. A wooden toy horse is clean. The belly-lute, the donkey-shaped musical instrument and the erus are susceptible to impurity. Rabbi Judah says: the erus is susceptible to sitting impurity since the wailing woman sits on it. A weasel-trap is susceptible to impurity, but a mouse- trap is clean.