3ג׳
1 א

חֹמֶר בַּקֹּדֶשׁ מִבַּתְּרוּמָה, שֶׁמַּטְבִּילִין כֵּלִים בְּתוֹךְ כֵּלִים לַתְּרוּמָה, אֲבָל לֹא לַקֹּדֶשׁ. אֲחוֹרַיִם וְתוֹךְ וּבֵית הַצְּבִיטָה בַּתְּרוּמָה, אֲבָל לֹא בַקֹּדֶשׁ. הַנּוֹשֵׂא אֶת הַמִּדְרָס נוֹשֵׂא אֶת הַתְּרוּמָה, אֲבָל לֹא אֶת הַקֹּדֶשׁ. בִּגְדֵי אוֹכְלֵי תְרוּמָה, מִדְרָס לַקֹּדֶשׁ. לֹא כְמִדַּת הַקֹּדֶשׁ מִדַּת הַתְּרוּמָה, שֶׁבַּקֹּדֶשׁ מַתִּיר וּמְנַגֵּב וּמַטְבִּיל וְאַחַר כָּךְ קוֹשֵׁר, וּבַתְּרוּמָה קוֹשֵׁר וְאַחַר כָּךְ מַטְבִּיל:

Greater stringency applies to kodesh [portion of offerings eaten by the priests] than to terumah [tithe of gifts for the priests], for we immerse [impure] vessels within vessels [to be used] for terumah, but not [in vessels used for] kodesh. The outside, inside, and handle[are treated as separate] for terumah, but not for kodesh. He who carries [something bearing] midras ["treading"] impurity may carry terumah at the same time, but he may not carry kodesh. The garments of those who eat terumah have midras impurity for those who eat kodesh. The rule for kodesh is not the same as the rule for terumah, for regarding kodesh, a person unties, dries, immerses, and then ties [a garment], while for terumah, he ties and may afterwards immerse [a garment].

2 ב

כֵּלִים הַנִּגְמָרִין בְּטָהֳרָה, צְרִיכִין טְבִילָה לַקֹּדֶשׁ, אֲבָל לֹא לַתְּרוּמָה. הַכְּלִי מְצָרֵף מַה שֶּׁבְּתוֹכוֹ לַקֹּדֶשׁ, אֲבָל לֹא לַתְּרוּמָה. הָרְבִיעִי בַּקֹּדֶשׁ פָּסוּל, וְהַשְּׁלִישִׁי בַּתְּרוּמָה. וּבַתְּרוּמָה, אִם נִטְמֵאת אַחַת מִיָּדָיו, חֲבֶרְתָּהּ טְהוֹרָה. וּבַקֹּדֶשׁ, מַטְבִּיל שְׁתֵּיהֶן, שֶׁהַיָּד מְטַמָּא אֶת חֲבֶרְתָּהּ בַּקֹּדֶשׁ, אֲבָל לֹא בַּתְּרוּמָה:

Vessels finished in purity must be immersed [so that they can be used for] kodesh, but do not need to be immersed for terumah. A vessel unites with its contents [if any become impure] for kodesh, but does not unite for terumah. The fourth [degree of impurity] invalidates kodesh, but [no further than] the third [degree of impurity] invalidates terumah. Regarding terumah, if one hand of a person becomes impure, his other hand is still pure. Regarding kodesh, he must immerse both hands, for one hand makes the other hand impure regarding kodesh, but not terumah.

3 ג

אוֹכְלִין אֳכָלִים נְגוּבִין בְּיָדַיִם מְסֹאָבוֹת בַּתְּרוּמָה, אֲבָל לֹא בַּקֹּדֶשׁ. הָאוֹנֵן וּמְחֻסַּר כִּפּוּרִים צְרִיכִין טְבִילָה לַקֹּדֶשׁ, אֲבָל לֹא לַתְּרוּמָה:

Dry foods of terumah may be eaten with unwashed hands, but not kodesh. An onen [one whose close relative has died, in the period before the burial] and a mechusar kippurim [one who has not yet brought a sacrifice to complete purification from certain types of ritual impurity] require immersion for kodesh, but not for terumah.

4 ד

חֹמֶר בַּתְּרוּמָה, שֶׁבִּיהוּדָה נֶאֱמָנִים עַל טָהֳרַת יַיִן וְשֶׁמֶן כָּל יְמוֹת הַשָּׁנָה, וּבִשְׁעַת הַגִּתּוֹת וְהַבַּדִּים אַף עַל הַתְּרוּמָה. עָבְרוּ הַגִּתּוֹת וְהַבַּדִּים וְהֵבִיאוּ לוֹ חָבִית שֶׁל יַיִן שֶׁל תְּרוּמָה, לֹא יְקַבְּלֶנָּה מִמֶּנּוּ, אֲבָל מַנִּיחָהּ לַגַּת הַבָּאָה. וְאִם אָמַר לוֹ, הִפְרַשְׁתִּי לְתוֹכָהּ רְבִיעִית קֹדֶשׁ, נֶאֱמָן. כַּדֵּי יַיִן וְכַדֵּי שֶׁמֶן הַמְדֻמָּעוֹת, נֶאֱמָנִין עֲלֵיהֶם בִּשְׁעַת הַגִּתּוֹת וְהַבַּדִּים, וְקֹדֶם לַגִּתּוֹת שִׁבְעִים יוֹם:

Greater stringency applies to terumah [than to kodesh], because in Judea, they [Amei Ha-aretz, unlearned people unversed in matters of purity] are trusted regarding the purity of oil and wine throughout the whole year, but only during the wine-press and oil-press season regarding terumah. If this season has passed, and they brought to him a barrel of terumah wine, he cannot accept it from them. But, he [the owner of the barrel] is allowed to leave it for the next wine-press season. And if he [the owner of the barrel] said to him, "I have set apart into it a revi'it of wine, for use in libations," he is trusted. They are trustworthy regarding wine and oil jugs which are made subject to the laws of terumah and kodesh in the wine-press and oil-press season, and also seventy days prior to the wine-press season.

5 ה

מִן הַמּוֹדִיעִית וְלִפְנִים, נֶאֱמָנִין עַל כְּלֵי חֶרֶס. מִן הַמּוֹדִיעִית וְלַחוּץ, אֵין נֶאֱמָנִים. כֵּיצַד, הַקַּדָּר שֶׁהוּא מוֹכֵר הַקְּדֵרוֹת, נִכְנַס לִפְנִים מִן הַמּוֹדִיעִית, הוּא הַקַּדָּר וְהֵן הַקְּדֵרוֹת וְהֵן הַלּוֹקְחִים, נֶאֱמָן. יָצָא, אֵינוֹ נֶאֱמָן:

From Modi'im and inwards [toward Jerusalem], they [amei ha-aretz] are trusted in regard to earthenware vessels. From Modi'im and outwards, they are not trusted. How so? If the potter selling pots entered inwards of Modi'im, then the same potter in regard to the same pots, and regarding the same buyers, is trusted. If he went outwards from Modi'im, he is not trusted.

6 ו

הַגַּבָּאִין שֶׁנִּכְנְסוּ לְתוֹךְ הַבַּיִת, וְכֵן הַגַּנָּבִים שֶׁהֶחֱזִירוּ אֶת הַכֵּלִים, נֶאֱמָנִין לוֹמַר, לֹא נָגָעְנוּ. וּבִירוּשָׁלַיִם נֶאֱמָנִין עַל הַקֹּדֶשׁ, וּבִשְׁעַת הָרֶגֶל אַף עַל הַתְּרוּמָה:

If tax-collectors entered a house, and if thieves returned stolen vessels, they are trusted if they say "We didn't touch [them]." In Jerusalem, they are trusted regarding kodesh, and during the festival season, they are trusted regarding terumah, as well.

7 ז

הַפּוֹתֵחַ אֶת חָבִיתוֹ, וְהַמַּתְחִיל בְּעִסָּתוֹ עַל גַּב הָרֶגֶל, רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, יִגְמֹר. וַחֲכָמִים אוֹמְרִים, לֹא יִגְמֹר. מִשֶּׁעָבַר הָרֶגֶל, הָיוּ מַעֲבִירִין עַל טָהֳרַת עֲזָרָה. עָבַר הָרֶגֶל בְּיוֹם שִׁשִּׁי, לֹא הָיוּ מַעֲבִירִין, מִפְּנֵי כְבוֹד הַשַּׁבָּת. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, אַף לֹא בְיוֹם חֲמִישִׁי, שֶׁאֵין הַכֹּהֲנִים פְּנוּיִין:

If a person opened his barrel of wine, or began to sell his baked goods on the festival: Rabbi Yehuda says he may finish. And the sages say he may not finish. As soon as the festival concluded, they would remove [and immerse vessels] for the purification of the Temple courtyard. If the festival was terminated on the sixth day [Friday], they would not remove, on account of the honor of the Sabbath day. Rabbi Yehuda says: And not on the fifth day [Thursday], for the priests were not free [from their post-festival duties].

8 ח

כֵּיצַד מַעֲבִירִים עַל טָהֳרַת עֲזָרָה. מַטְבִּילִין אֶת הַכֵּלִים שֶׁהָיוּ בַמִּקְדָּשׁ, וְאוֹמְרִין לָהֶם, הִזָּהֲרוּ שֶׁלֹּא תִגְּעוּ בַּשֻּׁלְחָן וּבַמְּנוֹרָה וּתְטַמְּאוּהוּ. כָּל הַכֵּלִים שֶׁהָיוּ בַמִּקְדָּשׁ, יֵשׁ לָהֶם שְׁנִיִּים וּשְׁלִישִׁים, שֶׁאִם נִטְמְאוּ הָרִאשׁוֹנִים, יָבִיאוּ שְׁנִיִּים תַּחְתֵּיהֶן. כָּל הַכֵּלִים שֶׁהָיוּ בַמִּקְדָּשׁ, טְעוּנִין טְבִילָה, חוּץ מִמִּזְבַּח הַזָּהָב וּמִזְבַּח הַנְּחֹשֶׁת, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהֵן כַּקַּרְקַע, דִּבְרֵי רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר. וַחֲכָמִים אוֹמְרִים, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהֵן מְצֻפִּין:

How did they remove [the vessels] for the purification of the Temple Courtyard? They would immerse the vessels that were in the Temple, and they would say to them [the priests]: be careful to not touch the table and make it impure. For each of the vessels that were in the Temple, there were two or three sets, so that if the first vessels were rendered impure, they would bring the second in their place. All the vessels in the Temple required immersion, except for the golden altar and the bronze altar, because they were like [i.e., affixed to] the ground [and thus not susceptible to impurity]; the opinion of Rabbi Eliezer. However, the sages say [they were not susceptible to impurity] because they were plated.