5ה׳
1 א

הַשּׂוֹכֵר אֶת הַפּוֹעֵל לַעֲשׂוֹת עִמּוֹ בְיֵין נֶסֶךְ, שְׂכָרוֹ אָסוּר. שְׂכָרוֹ לַעֲשׂוֹת עִמּוֹ מְלָאכָה אַחֶרֶת, אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁאָמַר לוֹ הֲעֲבֵר לִי חָבִית שֶׁל יֵין נֶסֶךְ מִמָּקוֹם לְמָקוֹם, שְׂכָרוֹ מֻתָּר. הַשׂוֹכֵר אֶת הַחֲמוֹר לְהָבִיא עָלֶיהָ יֵין נֶסֶךְ, שְׂכָרָהּ אָסוּר. שְׂכָרָהּ לֵישֵׁב עָלֶיהָ, אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁהִנִּיחַ הַגּוֹי לְגִינוֹ עָלֶיהָ, שְׂכָרָהּ מֻתָּר:

One who hires a worker to work with him with yayin nesech [Wine used for idolatrous libations – prohibited for consumption and benefit], his salary is prohibited. If one hired him to perform a different task, even if he said to him move that barrel of yayin nesech from one place to another, his salary is permitted. One who rents a donkey in order to transport yayin nesech , its rental fee is prohibited. If it was rented to ride on, even though the non-Jew placed his flask [of yayin nesech ] upon it, its rental fee is permitted.

2 ב

יֵין נֶסֶךְ שֶׁנָּפַל עַל גַּבֵּי עֲנָבִים, יְדִיחֵן וְהֵן מֻתָּרוֹת. וְאִם הָיוּ מְבֻקָּעוֹת, אֲסוּרוֹת. נָפַל עַל גַבֵּי תְאֵנִים אוֹ עַל גַּבֵּי תְמָרִים, אִם יֵשׁ בָּהֶן בְּנוֹתֵן טַעַם, אָסוּר. מַעֲשֶׂה בְּבַיְתוֹס בֶּן זוֹנָן שֶׁהֵבִיא גְרוֹגָרוֹת בִּסְפִינָה, וְנִשְׁתַּבְּרָה חָבִית שֶׁל יֵין נֶסֶךְ וְנָפַל עַל גַּבֵּיהֶן, וְשָׁאַל לַחֲכָמִים וְהִתִּירוּם. זֶה הַכְּלָל, כֹּל שֶׁבַּהֲנָאָתוֹ בְּנוֹתֵן טַעַם, אָסוּר. כֹּל שֶׁאֵין בַּהֲנָאָתוֹ בְּנוֹתֵן טַעַם, מֻתָּר, כְּגוֹן חֹמֶץ שֶׁנָּפַל עַל גַּבֵּי גְרִיסִין:

Yayin nesech which fell on top of grapes, one can rinse them and they are permitted. If they were cracked, they are prohibited. (If they fell on figs or dates, if there is enough wine to impart its flavor [into the fruit] it is prohibited.) It once happened that Baytus Son of Zonin brought dried figs on a boat and a barrel of yayin nesech burst and fell on them and he asked the sages and they permitted [the figs]. This is the rule: if there is increased benefit due to the imparted flavor it is prohibited, but if there is no increased benefit due to the imparted flavor it is permitted, like in the case of vinegar that fell on grits.

3 ג

נָכְרִי שֶׁהָיָה מַעֲבִיר עִם יִשְׂרָאֵל כַּדֵּי יַיִן מִמָּקוֹם לְמָקוֹם, אִם הָיָה בְחֶזְקַת הַמִּשְׁתַּמֵּר, מֻתָּר. אִם הוֹדִיעוֹ שֶׁהוּא מַפְלִיג, כְּדֵי שֶׁיִּשְׁתֹּם וְיִסְתֹּם וְיִגֹּב. רַבָּן שִׁמְעוֹן בֶּן גַּמְלִיאֵל אוֹמֵר, כְּדֵי שֶׁיִּפְתַּח וְיָגוּף וְתִגֹּב:

A non-Jew who was transporting jugs of wine with a Jew from one place to another, if it could be assumed [by the non-Jew] that they were being guarded, then they are permitted. If he let him know that he was going away, [they are prohibited] if there elapsed enough time [for the non-Jew] to puncture [the seal], patch it, and dry it. Rabbi Shimon son of Gamliel says: Enough time for him to open it, put in a new seal, and allow it to dry.

4 ד

הַמַּנִּיחַ יֵינוֹ בְקָרוֹן אוֹ בִסְפִינָה וְהָלַךְ לוֹ בְקַפַּנְדַּרְיָא, נִכְנַס לַמְּדִינָה וְרָחַץ, מֻתָּר. אִם הוֹדִיעוֹ שֶׁהוּא מַפְלִיג, כְּדֵי שֶׁיִּשְׁתֹּם וְיִסְתֹּם וְיִגֹּב. רַבָּן שִׁמְעוֹן בֶּן גַּמְלִיאֵל אוֹמֵר, כְּדֵי שֶׁיִּפְתַּח וְיָגוּף וְתִגֹּב. הַמַּנִּיחַ נָכְרִי בַחֲנוּת, אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁהוּא יוֹצֵא וְנִכְנָס, מֻתָּר. וְאִם הוֹדִיעוֹ שֶׁהוּא מַפְלִיג, כְּדֵי שֶׁיִשְׁתֹּם וְיִסְתֹּם וְיִגֹּב. רַבָּן שִׁמְעוֹן בֶּן גַּמְלִיאֵל אוֹמֵר, כְּדֵי שֶׁיִּפְתַּח וְיָגוּף וְתִגֹּב:

One who leaves his wine in a wagon or a boat and took a shortcut, entered the city, and bathed, [the wine] is permitted. If he let him know that he was going away, [they are prohibited] if there elapsed enough time [for the non-Jew] to puncture [the seal], patch it, and dry it. Rabbi Shimon son of Gamliel says: Enough time for him to open it, put in a new seal, and allow it to dry. One who leaves a non-Jew in his store, even if he is entering and exiting it is permitted. If he let him know that he was going away, [they are prohibited] if there elapsed enough time for him to puncture [the seal], patch it, and dry it. Rabbi Shimon son of Gamliel says: Enough time for him to open it, put in a new seal, and allow it to dry.

5 ה

הָיָה אוֹכֵל עִמּוֹ עַל הַשֻּׁלְחָן וְהִנִּיחַ לְגִינָה עַל הַשֻּׁלְחָן, וּלְגִינָה עַל הַדֻּלְבְּקִי, וְהִנִּיחוֹ וְיָצָא, מַה שֶּׁעַל הַשֻּׁלְחָן, אָסוּר. וּמַה שֶּׁעַל הַדֻּלְבְּקִי, מֻתָּר. וְאִם אָמַר לוֹ הֱוֵי מוֹזֵג וְשׁוֹתֶה, אַף שֶׁעַל הַדֻּלְבְּקִי אָסוּר. חָבִיּוֹת פְּתוּחוֹת, אֲסוּרוֹת. סְתוּמוֹת, כְּדֵי שֶׁיִּפְתַּח וְיָגוּף וְתִגֹּב:

If he was eating with him at a table and he left a jug of wine on the table and a jug of wine on the side-table and left the room, what is on the table is prohibited and what is on the side table is permitted. If he said to him "please pour and drink," even what is on the side table is prohibited. Open barrels are prohibited, and also closed ones if there elapsed enough time for him to open it, put in a new seal, and allow it to dry.

6 ו

בַּלֶּשֶׁת גּוֹיִם שֶׁנִּכְנְסָה לָעִיר בִּשְׁעַת שָׁלוֹם, חָבִיּוֹת פְּתוּחוֹת, אֲסוּרוֹת. סְתוּמוֹת, מֻתָּרוֹת. בִּשְׁעַת מִלְחָמָה, אֵלּוּ וָאֵלּוּ מֻתָּרוֹת, לְפִי שֶׁאֵין פְּנַאי לְנַסֵּךְ:

A troop of non-Jewish investigating soldiers that enter a city at a time of peace, all open barrels are prohibited but sealed barrels are permitted. In a time of war, both are permitted, since there is no time to pour libations.

7 ז

אֻמָּנִין שֶׁל יִשְׂרָאֵל שֶׁשָּׁלַח לָהֶם נָכְרִי חָבִית שֶׁל יֵין נֶסֶךְ בִּשְׂכָרָן, מֻתָּרִים לוֹמַר לוֹ תֵּן לָנוּ אֶת דָּמֶיהָ. וְאִם מִשֶּׁנִּכְנְסָה לִרְשׁוּתָן, אָסוּר. הַמּוֹכֵר יֵינוֹ לַנָּכְרִי, פָּסַק עַד שֶׁלֹּא מָדַד, דָּמָיו מֻתָּרִין. מָדַד עַד שֶׁלֹּא פָסַק, דָּמָיו אֲסוּרִין. נָטַל אֶת הַמַּשְׁפֵּךְ וּמָדַד לְתוֹךְ צְלוֹחִיתוֹ שֶׁל נָכְרִי, וְחָזַר וּמָדַד לְתוֹךְ צְלוֹחִיתוֹ שֶׁל יִשְׂרָאֵל, אִם יֶשׁ בּוֹ עַכֶּבֶת יַיִן, אָסוּר. הַמְעָרֶה מִכְּלִי אֶל כְּלִי, אֶת שֶׁעֵרָה מִמֶּנּוּ, מֻתָּר. וְאֶת שֶׁעֵרָה לְתוֹכוֹ, אָסוּר:

Jewish craftsmen whom a non-Jew paid in yayin nesech, they are permitted to say to him, give us its value; but once it enters their domain, it is prohibited. One who sells his wine to a non-Jew, if he set the price before measuring out [the wine], the money is permitted; but if he measured it out before setting the price, the money is prohibited. If one took a funnel and measured [wine] into a non-Jew's container, and then [using the same funnel] measured into a Jew's container, if the funnel has wine residue in it it is prohibited. One pouring from one vessel into another [when the latter has yayin nesech in it], the one he poured from is permitted, but the one he poured into is prohibited.

8 ח

יֵין נֶסֶךְ אָסוּר, וְאוֹסֵר בְּכָל שֶׁהוּא. יַיִן בְּיַיִן וּמַיִם בְּמַיִם, בְּכָל שֶׁהוּא. יַיִן בְּמַיִם וּמַיִם בְּיַיִן, בְּנוֹתֵן טָעַם. זֶה הַכְּלָל, מִין בְּמִינוֹ, בְּמַשֶּׁהוּ. וְשֶׁלֹּא בְמִינוֹ, בְּנוֹתֵן טָעַם:

Yayin nesech is prohibited, and even a minute amount makes other things prohibited. Wine in wine or water in water, even a minute amount [of the prohibited substance renders it all prohibited]. Wine in water or water in wine, an amount [of the prohibited substance] sufficient to impart flavor [renders it prohibited]. This is the rule: a mixture of things of the same type, a minute amount [of the prohibited substance renders it prohibited]; a mixture of different types, an amount [of the prohibited substance] sufficient to impart flavor [renders it all prohibited].

9 ט

אֵלּוּ אֲסוּרִין, וְאוֹסְרִין בְּכָל שֶׁהֵן. יֵין נֶסֶךְ, וַעֲבוֹדָה זָרָה, וְעוֹרוֹת לְבוּבִין, וְשׁוֹר הַנִּסְקָל, וְעֶגְלָה עֲרוּפָה, וְצִפֹּרֵי מְצֹרָע, וּשְׂעַר נָזִיר, וּפֶטֶר חֲמוֹר, וּבָשָׂר בְּחָלָב, וְשָׂעִיר הַמִּשְׁתַּלֵּחַ, וְחֻלִּין שֶׁנִּשְׁחֲטוּ בָעֲזָרָה, הֲרֵי אֵלּוּ אֲסוּרִין וְאוֹסְרִין בְּכָל שֶׁהֵן:

The following things are prohibited and prohibit in a minute amount: yayin nesech, idolatry, skins torn at the heart [as part of an idolatrous practice], an ox that is to be stoned, the calf which will have its neck severed, the bird offerings of a leper, the hair of a nazirite, the firstborn donkey [that has not yet been redeemed], meat mixed with milk, the goat that is sent [to Azazel], and non-sanctified animals slaughtered in the temple courtyard, all these are prohibited and even minute amounts make other things prohibited.

10 י

יֵין נֶסֶךְ שֶׁנָּפַל לְבוֹר, כֻּלּוֹ אָסוּר בַּהֲנָאָה. רַבָּן שִׁמְעוֹן בֶּן גַּמְלִיאֵל אוֹמֵר, יִמָּכֵר כֻּלּוֹ לְנָכְרִי, חוּץ מִדְּמֵי יֵין נֶסֶךְ שֶׁבּוֹ:

Yayin nesech that fell into a pit, all [wine in the pit] is prohibited from benefit. Rabbi Shimon son of Gamliel says: It should all be sold to a non-Jew except for the value of the nesech wine in it.

11 יא

גַּת שֶׁל אֶבֶן שֶׁזִּפְּתָהּ גּוֹי, מְנַגְּבָהּ וְהִיא טְהוֹרָה. וְשֶׁל עֵץ, רַבִּי אוֹמֵר, יְנַגֵּב. וַחֲכָמִים אוֹמְרִים, יִקְלֹף אֶת הַזֶּפֶת. וְשֶׁל חֶרֶס, אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁקָּלַף אֶת הַזֶּפֶת, הֲרֵי זוֹ אֲסוּרָה:

A stone wine press which a non-Jew coated in pitch, it should be dried off and then it is pure. If it was made of wood, Rebbi says: It should be dried off; but the sages say: he should peel off the pitch. And if it was made of earthenware, even if he peeled off the pitch it is still prohibited.

12 יב

הַלּוֹקֵחַ כְּלֵי תַשְׁמִישׁ מִן הַגּוֹי, אֶת שֶׁדַּרְכּוֹ לְהַטְבִּיל, יַטְבִּיל. לְהַגְעִיל, יַגְעִיל. לְלַבֵּן בָּאוּר, יְלַבֵּן בָּאוּר. הַשַּׁפּוּד וְהָאַסְכְּלָה, מְלַבְּנָן בָּאוּר. הַסַּכִּין, שָׁפָהּ וְהִיא טְהוֹרָה:

One who buys utensils from a non-Jew, what is usually immersed one should immerse, what is usually boiled one should boil, what is usually made white-hot by fire one should make white-hot by fire. The spit the and the grill should be made white-hot by fire. The knife one can polish it and it is pure.