Pekudei, Siman 1 פקודי, א׳
1 א

אֵלֶּה פְקוּדֵי הַמִּשְׁכָּן. זֶה שֶׁאָמַר הַכָּתוּב: כִּסֵּא כָבוֹד מָרוֹם מֵרִאשׁוֹן מְקוֹם מִקְדָּשֵׁנוּ (ירמיה יז, יב), שָׁם מְכֻוָּן מִקְדָּשֵׁנוּ. וְכֵן הוּא אוֹמֵר, מָכוֹן לְשִׁבְתְּךָ פָּעַלְתָּ ה' מִקְּדָשׁ אֲדֹנָי כּוֹנְנוּ יָדֶיךָ (שמות טו, יז). וְכֵן אַתָּה מוֹצֵא, שֶׁיְּרוּשָׁלַיִם מְכֻוֶּנֶת לְמַעְלָה כְּמוֹ יְרוּשָׁלַיִם שֶׁל מַטָּה. מֵרֹב אַהֲבָתָהּ שֶׁל מַטָּה, עָשָׂה אַחֶרֶת לְמַעְלָה, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר: הֵן עַל כַּפַּיִם חַקֹּתִיךָ, חוֹמֹתַיִךְ נֶגְדִּי תָּמִיד (ישעיה מט, טו). וְעַל מֶה חָרְבָה. אֶלָּא כִּי מִהֲרוּ בָּנָיִךְ מְהָרְסַיִךְ וּמַחֲרִיבַיִךְ מִמֵּךְ יֵצֵאוּ (ישעיה מט, טז), עַל זֶה חָרְבָה.

These are the accounts of the tabernacle (Exod. 38:21). It is written elsewhere in allusion to this verse: Thou throne of glory, on high from the beginning, thou place of our Sanctuary (Jer. 17:12). This verse indicates that the Throne of Glory is located directly opposite our Sanctuary.1See Ginzberg, Legends of the Jews 5:292, n. 141. That is why it says: The place, O Lord, which Thou hast made for Thee to dwell in, the Sanctuary, O Lord, which Thy hands have established (Exod. 15:2). And you find that Jerusalem on high is situated directly opposite the earthly Jerusalem. It was because the earthly Jerusalem was exceedingly precious to Him that He fashioned another one on high, as it is said: Behold, I have graven thee upon the palms of My hands; thy walls are continually before me (Isa. 49:16). Why was it destroyed? Because thy children make haste; thy destroyers and they that make thee waste shall go forth from thee (ibid., v. 17). That is why it was destroyed.

2 ב

וְכֵן אָמַר דָּוִד, יְרוּשָׁלַיִם הַבְּנוּיָה כְּעִיר שֶׁחֻבְּרָה לָּהּ יַחְדָּו (תהלים קכב, ג). כְּלוֹמַר, כְּעִיר שֶׁבָּנָה יָהּ. וְתִרְגֵּם יְרוּשַׁלְמִי, דְּמִתְבַּנְיָא בִרְקִיעָא כְּקַרְתָּא דְּאִתְחַבְּרַת כַּחֲדָא בְּאַרְעָא. וְנִשְׁבַּע שֶׁשְּׁכִינָתוֹ לֹא יִכָּנֵס בְּשֶׁל מַעְלָה, עַד שֶׁיִּבָּנֶה שֶׁל מַטָּה. כַּמָּה חֲבִיבִין יִשְׂרָאֵל לִפְנֵי הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּחַ הוּא. וּמִנַּיִן, שֶׁכֵן כְּתִיב: בְּקִרְבְּךָ קָדוֹשׁ וְלֹא אָבוֹא בְּעִיר (הושע יא, ט). וְאוֹמֵר: וְעַתָּה מַה לִּי פֹה נְאֻם ה' כִּי לֻקַּח עַמִּי חִנָּם (ישעיה נב, ה). רְצוֹנוֹ לוֹמַר, וְעַתָּה מַה לִי פֹה נְאֻם ה', מָה אֲנִי מְבַקֵּשׁ פֹּה בִּירוּשָׁלַיִם אַחַר שֶׁלֻּקַּח עַמִּי מִמֶּנָּה. בְּחִנָּם שֶׁאָבוֹא בָהּ, לֹא אָבוֹא. יְהִי רָצוֹן שֶׁיִּבָּנֶה בִּמְהֵרָה בְּיָמֵינוּ.

Similarly David said: Jerusalem, thou art builded as a city that is compact together (Ps. 122:3); that is to say, like the city that the Lord built, a city that was destroyed called Jerusalem. It was built on high, directly opposite the one on earth, and concerning which He vowed that His Shekhinah would not enter the city above until the earthly Jerusalem was erected. How beloved was Israel in the sight of the Holy One, blessed be He. Whence do we know this? It is written: The Holy One in the midst of thee, and I will not come in fury (Hos. 11:9),2Be’ir (“in fury”) may be read as ba’ir (“into the city”). and it says elsewhere: Now, therefore, what do I here, saith the Lord, seeing that My people is taken away for nought? (Isa. 52:5). Our sages declared: Now, therefore, what do I here, saith the Lord implies: Why should I desire to be here in Jerusalem now that My people have been taken away from it? For nought would I be coming into it, therefore I will not come into it. May it be his will that it be rebuilt speedily in our day.