Nasso, Siman 16 נשא, ט״ז
1 א

וַיְהִי בְּיוֹם כַּלּוֹת מֹשֶׁה. רַב אוֹמֵר, כָּל מָקוֹם שֶׁהוּא אוֹמֵר וַיְהִי, דָּבָר חָדָשׁ הוּא. וְרַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן אוֹמֵר, כָּל מָקוֹם שֶׁהוּא אוֹמֵר וַיְהִי, דָּבָר שֶׁהָיָה נִפְסָק לְהַרְבֵּה יָמִים וְחָזַר לִכְמוֹת שֶׁהָיָה. זֶה שֶׁאָמַר הַכָּתוּב: בָּאתִי לְגַנִּי אֲחוֹתִי כַּלָּה (שה״‎ש ה, א). אָמַר רַבִּי שְׁמוּאֵל בַּר נַחְמָן, בְּשָׁעָה שֶׁבָּרָא הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא אֶת הָעוֹלָם, נִתְאַוָּה שֶׁיְּהֵא לוֹ דִּירָה בַּתַּחְתּוֹנִים כְּמוֹ שֶׁיֵּשׁ בָּעֶלְיוֹנִים. בָּרָא אֶת הָאָדָם וְצִוָּה אוֹתוֹ וְאָמַר לוֹ: מִכָּל עֵץ הַגַּן אָכֹל תֹּאכֵל, וּמֵעֵץ הַדַּעַת טוֹב וָרַע לֹא תֹּאכַל מִמֶּנּוּ (בראשית ב, טז-יז). וְעָבַר עַל צִוּוּיוֹ. אָמַר לֵיהּ הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא, כָּךְ הָיִיתִי מִתַּאֲוֶה שֶׁיְּהֵא לִי דִּירָה בַּתַּחְתּוֹנִים כְּמוֹ שֶׁיֵּשׁ לִי בָּעֶלְיוֹנִים, וְדָבָר אֶחָד צִוִּיתִי אוֹתְךָ וְלֹא שָׁמַרְתָּ אוֹתוֹ. מִיַּד סִלֵּק הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא שְׁכִינָתוֹ לָרָקִיעַ הָרִאשׁוֹן. מִנַּיִן, דִּכְתִיב: וַיִּשְׁמְעוּ אֶת קוֹל ה' אֱלֹהִים מִתְהַלֵּךְ בַּגַּן (שם ג, ח). כֵּיוָן שֶׁעָבְרוּ עַל הַצִּוּוּי, סִלֵּק שְׁכִינָתוֹ לָרָקִיעַ הָרִאשׁוֹן. עָמַד קַיִן וְהָרַג לְהֶבֶל, מִיַּד סִלֵּק שְׁכִינָתוֹ לְרָקִיעַ שֵׁנִי כוּ'. אָמַר הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא, שִׁבְעָה רְקִיעִים בָּרָאתִי, וְעַד עַכְשָׁו יֵשׁ רְשָׁעִים לַעֲמֹד בָּהּ. מֶה עָשָׂה. קִפֵּל אֶת כָּל הַדּוֹרוֹת הָרִאשׁוֹנִים הָרְשָׁעִים וְהֶעֱמִיד אַבְרָהָם. כֵּיוָן שֶׁהֶעֱמִיד אַבְרָהָם, סִגֵּל מַעֲשִׂים טוֹבִים, יָרַד הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא מִן רָקִיעַ שְׁבִיעִי לַשִּׁשִּׁי. עָמַד יִצְחָק וּפָשַׁט צַוָּארוֹ עַל גַּבֵּי הַמִּזְבֵּחַ, יָרַד מִשִּׁשִׁי לַחֲמִישִׁי כוּ' (שם). עָמַד מֹשֶׁה וְהוֹרִידָהּ לָאָרֶץ, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר: וַיֵּרֵד ה' עַל הַר סִינַי (שמות יט, כ). וּכְתִיב: בָּאתִי לְגַנִּי אֲחוֹתִי כַּלָּה (שה״‎ש ה, א). אֵימָתַי, כְּשֶׁהוּקַם הַמִּשְׁכָּן.

(Numb. 7:1), “So it came to pass on the day that Moses had finished.” Rav says, “Every place where it is stated, ‘So it came to pass (wayehi),’ [is referring to] something new”; but R. Simeon says, “Every place where it says, ‘So it came to pass (wayehi)’ [is referring to] something which existed, has ceased [to exist] for a long time, and has returned to be as it was.90Numb. R. 12:6; PR 5:7. This text is related (to Cant. 5:1), “When I come to my garden, my sister bride.” R. Samuel bar Nahman said, “When the Holy One, blessed be He, created the world, He longed to have an abode below just as He had on high.91Cf. PR 5:5; PRK 1:1; Numb. R. 13:2. Having created Adam, He commanded and said to him (in Gen. 2:16–17), ‘You may freely eat of any tree in the garden; But as for the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, you may not eat of it.’ Then he transgressed against his commandment.92Tanh., Exod. 11:6. The Holy One, blessed be He, said this to him, ‘This is what I longed for, that just as I have a dwelling on high, I would likewise have one below. Now when I have given you one command, you have not kept it. Immediately the Holy One, blessed be He, removed His Divine Presence [up] to the first firmament. Where is it shown? Where it is stated (in Gen. 3:8), “Then they heard the voice of the Lord God moving about in the garden.” [Now when they transgressed His commandment, He had [only] removed His divine presence to the first firmament.] [When] Cain arose and killed Abel, He immediately removed His Divine Presence from the first firmament to the second firmament…. The Holy One, blessed be He, said, ‘I created seven firmaments, and up to now there are wicked ones [still] arising upon [the world].’ What did He do? He folded away all the generations of the wicked and raised up our father Abraham. When our father Abraham arose and performed good works, the Holy One, blessed be He, immediately descended from the seventh firmament to the sixth. [When] Isaac arose and stretched out his neck upon the altar, He descended from the sixth firmament to the fifth…. [When] Moses arose, he brought down [the Divine Presence] to earth, as stated (in Exod 19:20), ‘And the Lord came down onto Mount Sinai.’” And [so] it is written (in Cant. 5:1), “When I come to my garden, my sister bride.” When? When the Tabernacle was set up.