Kedoshim, Siman 3 קדושים, ג׳
1 א

דַּבֵּר אֶל כָּל עֲדַת בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וְאָמַרְתָּ אֲלֵיהֶם קְדֹשִׁים תִּהְיוּ. מָה רָאָה לוֹמַר הַפָּרָשָׁה הַזֹּאת בְּכִנּוּס. לָמָּה לֹא אָמַר, דַּבֵּר אֶל בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל, כִּשְׁאָר הַפָּרָשִׁיּוֹת, אֶלָּא אֶל כָּל עֲדַת בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל. לְפִי שֶׁכָּל הַדִּבְּרוֹת כְּלוּלִים בָּהּ. כֵּיצַד, בַּדִּבְּרוֹת כְּתִיב: אָנֹכִי ה' אֱלֹהֶיךָ (שמות כ, ב). וְכָאן כְּתִיב: אֲנִי ה' אֱלֹהֵיכֶם. בַּדִּבְּרוֹת כְּתִיב: לֹא יִהְיֶה לְךָ. וְכָאן: אַל תִּפְנוּ אֶל הָאֱלִילִים. בַּדִּבְּרוֹת כְּתִיב: לֹא תִּשָּׂא. וּכְתִיב כָּאן: לֹא תִּשָּׁבְעוּ בִּשְׁמִי לַשֶּׁקֶר. בַּדִּבְּרוֹת כְּתִיב: שָׁמוֹר אֶת יוֹם הַשַּׁבָּת (דברים ה, יב). וְכָאן: אֶת שַׁבְּתֹתַי תִּשְׁמֹרוּ. בַּדִּבְּרוֹת כְּתִיב: כַּבֵּד אֶת אָבִיךְ וְאֶת אִמֶּךָ. וְכָאן: אִישׁ אִמּוֹ וְאָבִיו תִּירָאוּ. בַּדִּבְּרוֹת כְּתִיב: לֹא תִּרְצַח. וְכָאן כְּתִיב: לֹא תַעֲמֹד עַל דַּם רֵעֶךָ. בַּדִּבְּרוֹת כְּתִיב: לֹא תִּנְאַף. וְכָאן: מוֹת יוּמַת הַנּוֹאֵף וְהַנּוֹאֶפֶת. בַּדִּבְּרוֹת כְּתִיב: לֹא תִּגְנֹב. וְכָאן: לֹא תִּגְנֹבוּ. בַּדִּבְּרוֹת כְּתִיב: לֹא תַּעֲנֶה. וְכָאן כְּתִיב: לֹא תֵּלֵךְ רָכִיל. בַּדִּבְּרוֹת כְּתִיב: לֹא תַּחְמֹד. וְכָאן: לֹא תַעֲשֹׁק אֶת רֵעֲךָ וְלֹא תִּגְזֹל, הֲרֵי כָּל עֲשֶׂרֶת הַדִּבְּרוֹת כְּלוּלִים בַּתּוֹרָה. לְכָךְ כְּתִיב: אֶל כָּל עֲדַת.

(Lev. 19:2:) “Speak unto the whole congregation of the Children of Israel, and say unto them, ‘You shall be holy.’” What reason did He have to speak this parashah in an assembly?5 Lev. 7:3; Lev. R. 24:5. Why did He not say, “Speak unto the Children of Israel,” as in the rest of the parashiot,6I.e., in Exod. 14:2, 15; 25:2; 31:13 Lev. 1:2; 4:2; 7:23, 29; 12:2; 15:2; 18:2; 23:2, 10, 24, 34; 25:2; 27:2; Numb. 5:6, 12; 6:2; 9:10; 15:2, 18, 38; 17:17; 19:2; 33:51; 35:10. rather than “[Speak] unto the whole congregation of the Children of Israel?” Because all of the [ten] commandments are included within it. How? In the commandments it is written (in Exod. 20:2 = Deut. 5:6), “I [am] the Lord your God”; and here (in Lev. 19:2), “I [am] the Lord your God.” In the commandments it is written (in Exod. 20:3 = Deut. 5:7), “You shall have no [other gods beside Me]”; and here (in Lev. 19:4), “Do not turn unto idols.” In the commandments it is written (in Exod. 20:7 = Deut. 5:11), “You shall not take [the name of the Lord your God in vain]”; and here (in Lev. 19:12), “You shall not swear falsely by My name.” In the commandments it is written (Deut. 5:12), “Guard the Sabbath day”; and here it is written (in Lev. 19:3), “You shall keep My Sabbaths.” In the commandments it is written (in Exod. 20:12 = Deut. 5:16), “Honor your father and your mother”; and here it is written (in Lev. 19:3, cont.), “you each shall fear his mother and his father.” In the commandments it is written (in Exod. 20:13 = Deut. 5:17), “You shall not murder”; and here it is written (in Lev. 19:16), “you shall not stand over the blood of your neighbor.” in the commandments it is written (in Exod. 20:13 = Deut. 5:17), “you shall not commit adultery”; and here it is written (in Lev. 19:2), “You shall be holy.“ In the commandments it is written (in Exod. 20:13 = Deut. 5:17), “you shall not stea”l; and here it is written (in Lev. 19:11), “You shall not steal.” In the commandments it is written (in Exod. 20:13 = Deut. 5:17), “you shall not bear [false witness against your neighbor]”; and here it is written (in Lev. 19:16), “You shall not go around as a slanderer among your people.” In the commandments it is written (in Exod. 20:14 = Deut. 5:18), “You shall not covet”; and here it is written (in Lev. 19:13), “You shall not oppress your neighbor, and you shall not rob him.” Here all of the [ten] commandments are included within [it]. It is therefore stated (in Lev. 19:2), “Speak unto the whole congregation [of the Children of Israel].”