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מתני׳ קדשים ששחטן בדרום מועלין בהן

[Mishnah] IF THE MOST HOLY SACRIFICES WERE SLAUGHTERED ON THE SOUTH SIDE [OF THE ALTAR]. THE LAW OF SACRILEGE [STILL] APPLIES TO THEM.

שחטן בדרום וקיבל דמן בצפון בצפון וקיבל דמן בדרום שחט ביום וזרק בלילה בלילה וזרק ביום או ששחטן חוץ לזמנו וחוץ למקומו מועלין בהן

IF THEY WERE SLAUGHTERED ON THE SOUTH SIDE AND THEIR BLOOD RECEIVED ON THE NORTH OR [SLAUGHTERED] ON THE NORTH SIDE AND THEIR BLOOD RECEIVED ON THE SOUTH, OR IF THEY WERE SLAUGHTERED BY DAY AND [THEIR BLOOD] SPRINKLED DURING THE NIGHT OR [SLAUGHTERED] DURING THE NIGHT AND [THEIR BLOOD] SPRINKLED BY DAY, OR IF THEY WERE SLAUGHTERED [WITH THE INTENTION OF EATING THE FLESH] BEYOND ITS PROPER TIME OR OUTSIDE ITS PROPER PLACE,

כלל א"ר יהושע

THE LAW OF SACRILEGE STILL APPLIES TO THEM. R. JOSHUA LAID DOWN THE GENERAL RULE:

כל שהיה לה שעת היתר לכהנים אין מועלין בה וכל שלא היה לה שעת היתר לכהנים מועלין בה

WHATEVER HAS AT SOME TIME BEEN PERMITTED TO THE PRIESTS DOES NOT COME UNDER THE LAW OF SACRILEGE, AND WHATEVER HAS AT NO TIME BEEN PERMITTED TO THE PRIESTS DOES COME UNDER THE LAW OF SACRILEGE.

איזו היא שהיה לה שעת היתר לכהנים

WHICH IS THAT WHICH HAS AT SOME TIME BEEN PERMITTED TO THE PRIESTS?

שלנה ושנטמאה ושיצאה

[SACRIFICES] WHICH REMAINED OVERNIGHT OR BECAME DEFILED OR WERE TAKEN OUT [OF THE TEMPLE COURT].

ואיזו היא שלא היה לה שעת היתר לכהנים

WHICH IS THAT WHICH HAS AT NO TIME BEEN PERMITTED TO THE PRIESTS? [SACRIFICES]

שנשחטה חוץ לזמנה חוץ למקומה ושקיבלו פסולין וזרקו את דמה

THAT WERE SLAUGHTERED [WHILE PURPOSING AN ACT] BEYOND ITS PROPER TIME OR OUTSIDE ITS PROPER PLACE, OR THE BLOOD OF WHICH WAS RECEIVED BY THE UNFIT AND THEY SPRINKLED IT.

גמ׳ קתני

GEMARA. It is stated:

קדשי קדשים ששחטן בדרום מועלין בהן

IF THE MOST HOLY SACRIFICES WERE SLAUGHTERED ON THE SOUTH SIDE, THE LAW OF SACRILEGE [STILL] APPLIES TO THEM.

פשיטא

Is this not obvious?

משום דשחיטתן בדרום אפיקינון מידי מעילה

Should the Law of Sacrilege cease to apply to them merely because they were slaughtered on the south side?

איצטריך סד"א הואיל ואמר עולא א"ר יוחנן

— It need be stated, for it might otherwise have entered your mind to say: Since ‘Ulla said in the name of R. Johanan that

קדשים שמתו יצאו מידי מעילה דבר תורה ה"נ קדשי קדשים לגבי דרום כמה דחנקינון דמי

‘sacrifices which died were, as far as the law of the Torah rules, excluded from the Law of Sacrilege’, so were also Most Holy sacrifices when slaughtered on the south side considered as if they were strangled.

קמ"ל

It is therefore made known to us [that the instance of the Mishnah is different, for]

קדשים שמתו לא חזו כלל אבל דרום נהי דאינו ראוי לקדשי קדשים אבל ראוי הוא לקדשים קלים

sacrifices which died are in no case of any avail, while the south side, though it is not the proper place for Most Holy sacrifices, is, however, the proper place for sacrifices of a minor degree of holiness.

ל"ל למיתני כל הני

Why was it necessary to enumerate [in the Mishnah all those cases]?

צריכי אי תנא שחטן בדרום וקיבל דמן בצפון הכא דאית בהו מעילה משום דקבלה בצפון הוא

— It was necessary, for if only SLAUGHTERED ON THE SOUTH SIDE AND THEIR BLOOD RECEIVED ON THE NORTH were stated, [I would argue:] The law of Sacrilege still applies to [the sacrifices in] this case, because the receiving [of the blood] was after all on the north side,

אבל שחטן בצפון וקיבל דמן בדרום הואיל וקיבל בדרום הוא נפיק מידי מעילה

but in the case where they were SLAUGHTERED ON THE NORTH SIDE AND THEIR BLOOD RECEIVED ON THE SOUTH, since [the blood] was received on the south side, [I Would say that] the Law of Sacrilege no longer applies to them.

ואי תנא האי ה"א

And if only these [first two instances] were stated, I would argue:

יממא זמן הקרבה הוא אבל שחטה בלילה וזרק ביום לילה לאו זמן הקרבה והאי דשחט בלילה [אימא] דנפיק מידי מעילה

[The law of Sacrilege still applies to them, because in these cases the sacrifices were at least offered during the day and] the day is the proper time for offering; in the case, however, where they were SLAUGHTERED BY NIGHT AND [THEIR BLOOD] SPRINKLED DURING THE DAY, since night is not the proper time for offering and the sacrifices were slaughtered by night, I might have thought that the Law of Sacrilege would no longer apply to them.

ואי תנא שחטה בלילה ה"א

And if SLAUGHTERED BY NIGHT [AND THEIR BLOOD SPRINKLED DURING THE DAY] were stated I would argue:

הואיל וקבל דמה ביום אית בה מעילה אבל שחטן ביום וזרק דמן בלילה הואיל ולאו זמן הקרבה הוא כמאן דחנקינון דמי ולא אית בהו מעילה

The Law of Sacrilege still applies to them, because the blood was received during the day. In the case, however, where they were SLAUGHTERED DURING THE DAY AND THEIR BLOOD SPRINKLED BY NIGHT, since it is not the proper time for offering, the sacrifices are to be considered as if strangled, and the Law of Sacrilege would accordingly not apply to them;

קמשמע לן

therefore [also this instance] has been made known to us.

חוץ לזמנו וחוץ למקומו

IF SLAUGHTERED [WITH THE INTENTION OF EATING THE FLESH] BEYOND ITS PROPER TIME OR OUTSIDE ITS PROPER PLACE.

למאי חזו

Of what avail are such sacrifices?

הואיל ומרצין לפיגולין

— [The Law of Sacrilege still applies to them] because [the performance of] the other acts of offering [is yet necessary] for rendering the sacrifices piggul.