משנה: מַעֲשֶׂה שֶׁיָּֽרְדוּ זְקֵינִים מִירוּשָׁלִַם לְעָרֵיהֶם וְגָֽזְרוּ תַעֲנִית עַל שֶׁנִּרְאָה כִמְלֹא פִי תַנּוּר שִׁדָּפוֹן בְּאַשְּׁקְלוֹן. וְעוֹד גָּֽזְרוּ תַעֲנִית לְמָחָר עַל שֶׁאָֽכְלוּ זְאֵיבִים שְׁנֵי תִינוֹקוֹת בְּעֵבֶר הַיַּרְדֵּן. רִבִּי יוֹסֵי אוֹמֵר לֹא עַל שֶׁאָֽכְלוּ אֶלָּה שֶׁנִּרְאָה׃ MISHNAH: It happened that Elders left Jerusalem for their cities to decree a fast since blight to fill an oven79Enough grain which if healthy would have been enough to form a cake filling a small portable clay oven. was seen in Ascalon80A Philistine city just outside the borders of Hasmonean Judua.. Also they decreed a fast the following day because wolves ate two children in Transjordan. Rebbi Yose says, not that they ate but that they were seen.
הלכה: הָדָא דְאַתְּ אָמַר בִּמְכוּנָס. אֲבָל בִּמְפוּזָר אֲפִילוּ פָּרָא מִיכֵּן. אָמַר רִבִּי מָנָא. נִרְאוּ רָצִין אַחֲרֵיהֶן. אָמַר רִבִּי יוֹסֵי בֵּירִבִּי בּוּן. נִרְאוּ בְמָקוֹם שֶׁאֵין רָאוּי לָהֶם. HALAKHAH: That is, if collected. But dispersed even less than that81Since every incidence of blight is a focus of infection, dispersed incidences of blight are much more dangerous. “Less” is Latin parum.. Rebbi Mana said, if the are seen one pursues them82If one has time to organize a pursuit, one chases the wild predators away until they do no longer present a danger. R. Yose’s remark seems unjustified.. Rebbi Yose ben Rebbi Abun said, they were seen at a place inappropriate for them83While in general wild predators are only a danger if they form a pack, if they are seen in town even a single one is an indication that he is part of a pack and therefore dangerous. R. Yose’s remark is justified. The Babli 22a has a different criterion..