משנה: כְּמַעֲשֵׂהוּ בַחוֹל כָּךְ מַעֲשֵׂהוּ בַשַּׁבָּת אֶלָּא שֶׁהָיָה מְמַלֵּא מֵעֶרֶב שַׁבָּת חָבִית שֶׁל זָהָב שֶׁאֵינָהּ מְקוּדֶּשֶׁת מִן הַשִּׁילוֹחַ וּמַנִּיחָהּ בַּלִּשְׁכָּה. נִשְׁפְּכָה אוֹ נִתְגַּלְּתָה הָיָה מְמַלֵּא מִן הַכִּיּוֹר שֶׁהַמַּיִם וְהַיַּיִן הַמְּגוּלִּים פְּסוּלִין מֵעַל גַּבֵּי הַמִזְבֵּחַ: MISHNAH: As it was done on a weekday it was done on the Sabbath, except that on Friday he filled a non-sanctified barrel128The sacrificial day starts in the morning, and all remainders from the previous day become disqualified at that time. The Sabbath starts on the preceding evening; the water must be drawn on Friday. If pouring the water libation were an independent sacrificial action, the water in a Temple vessel would become disqualified at the end of the night. Since it was established (Note 121) that the water libation is an accessory action, the water would not become disqualified even in a Temple vessel; the profane vessel is used to give the water ceremony a boost in status. from the Siloam and deposited it in the lodge. If it was spilled or became uncovered129Wine or water left uncovered and unsupervised becomes forbidden for health reasons lest a snake living in the house drink from it and on this occasion leave some poison in the fluid. The rules about this are given in Terumot 8:5–7. If it becomes unusable for humans it is unbecoming to use it for Heaven. he filled from the basin since water or wine which remained uncovered are disqualified from being put on the altar.
הלכה: לָמָּה לִי שֶׁאֵינָהּ מְקוּדֶּשֶׁת. וַאֲפִילוּ מְקוּדֶּשֶׁת. לֹא כֵן אָמַר רִבִּי אָחָא רִבִּי חִינְנָא בְשֵׁם רִבִּי יָסָא. וְקִדַּשְׁתָּ֙ אֶת־הַמִּזְבֵּ֔חַ וְהָיָ֥ה הַמִּזְבֵּחַ֭ קֹ֥דֶשׁ קָֽדָשִֽׁים: מַה הַמִּזְבֵּחַ אֵינוֹ מְקַדֵּשׁ אֶלָּא בְדַעַת אַף הַכֵּלִים לֹא יְקַדְּשׁוּ אֶלָּא בְדַעַת. חִזְקִיָּה אָמַר. שֶׁלֹּא יְהוּ אוֹמְרִין. רָאִינוּ מַיִם שֶׁנִּתְמַלְּאוּ לְקִידּוּשׁ יָדַיִם וְרַגְלַיִם נִפְסָלִין בְּלִינָּה. דְּבֵית רִבִּי יַנַּאי אָֽמְרִין. שֶׁלֹּא יְהוּ אוֹמְרִין. רָאִינוּ מֵי הֶחָג נִפְסָלִין בְּלִינָּה. רִבִּי וֹחָנָן אָמַר. מִפְּנֵי מַרְאִית הָעַיִן. וְלָא יָֽדְעִין אִין כְּהָדָא דְחִזְקִיָּה אִין כְּהָדָא דְּרִבִּי יַנַּאי דִּבְרֵי הַכֹּל. רִבִּי פְדָת בְּשֵׁם רִבִּי הוֹשַׁעְיָה. מֵי סוֹטָה נִפְסָלִין בְּלִינָּה. רִבִּי אָבוּנָה. כָּל־שֶׁאֵינוֹ מִמִּינוֹ לַמִּזְבֵּחַ אֵין הַלִּחנָּה פוֹסֶלֶת בּוֹ. HALAKHAH: Why non-sanctified? Even if it is sanctified! Did not Rebbi Aḥa, Rebbi Ḥinena say in the name of Rebbi Yasa, you shall sanctify the altar; then the altar will be most holy130Ex. 40:10.. Since the altar only sanctifies with intention, so vessels should only sanctify with intention131The verse starts: anoint the altar and all its vessels, which implies that the power of sanctification is the same for the altar and its vessels. Since it is forbidden to bring profane (not dedicated) matter to the altar, profane matter remains profane also on the altar. This proves that the altar and therefore the sanctified vessels only sanctify with dedication.. Ḥizqiah said, that they should not say, we saw that water filled for the sanctification of hands and feet become disqualified by staying overnight132Since sanctification of hands and feet must be with water from a Temple vessel, the water becomes disqualified at daybreak. The problem is that people will say that they saw the water becoming disqualified and nevertheless used for libation, they will wrongly conclude that disqualified water may be used on the altar.. In the House of Rebbi Yannai they said, that they should not say, we saw that water filled for Tabernacles become disqualified by staying overnight133Again, and be used nevertheless.. Rebbi Joḥanan said, because of the evil impression; but we do not know whether following Ḥizqiah or according to everybody’s opinion following Rebbi Yannai. Rebbi Pedat in the name of Rebbi Hoshaia: The water for a deviant wife becomes disqualified by staying overnight134Soṭah 2:2, Note 114. This is a matter of dispute. There is an opinion that the water has to be taken from the water basin in the Temple. Any water taken from there and sanctified in a Temple vessel belongs to the service of that day and becomes disqualified by the next dawn. But according to the opinion that the water may come from outside sources, this need not be the case.. Rebbi Abuna: anything of whose kind nothing possibly is for the altar cannot become disqualified by staying overnight135Disputing R. Pedat in principle..
הֲווֹן בָּעֵיי מֵימַר. עָבַר וְהֵבִיא כָשֵׁר. תַּנָּה רִבִּי יוֹשׁוּעַ דְּרוֹמַייָא קוֹמֵי רִבִּי יוֹנָה. שֶׁהַמַּיִם וְהַיַּיִן הַמְגוּלִין פְּסוּלִין מֵעַל גַּבֵּי הַמִּזְבֵּחַ. מַה טַעַם. וְשֶׂה־אַחַ֨ת מִן־הַצֹּ֤אן מִן־הַמָּאתַ֨יִם֙ מִמַּשְׁקֵ֣ה יִשְׂרָאֵ֔ל. מִדָּבָר שֶׁהוּא מוּתָּר לְיִשְׂרָאֵל. עַד כְדוֹן מַיִם. יַיִן. אָמַר רִבִּי שׁוֹבְתַיי. הַֽמְשַׂמֵּ֥חַ אֱלֹהִ֖ים וַֽאֲנָשִׁ֑ים. They wanted to say, if he transgressed136And brought uncovered wine or water to the altar. and brought it is qualified. Rebbi Joshua the Southerner stated before Rebbi Jonah that uncovered water and wine are disqualified137In any case. from the altar. What is the reason? And one sheep from 200, from the drink of Israel138Ez. 45:15., from something permitted to Israel139While a prophet cannot prescribe, he can present authoritative practice. Since uncovered water is forbidden to Israel, it is absolutely disqualified for the altar.. So far water, wine? Rebbi Sabbatai said, which gladdens God and men140Jud. 9:13, referring to wine. Since drinking uncovered wine, even if filtered to remove the poison, leaves people with fear and does not gladden; it is disqualified for all religious observances..