משנה: מְקַבֶּלֶת אִשָּׁה מִיַּד בְּנָהּ וּמִיַּד בַּעְלָהּ וּמַחֲזֶרֶת לַמַּיִם בַּשַּׁבָּת. רִבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר בַּשַּׁבָּת מַחֲזִירִין וּבְיוֹם טוֹב מוֹסִיפִין וּבַמּוֹעֵד מַחֲלִיפִין. כָּל־קָטָן שֶׁיֵּשׁ בּוֹ דַּעַת לְנַעְנֵעַ חַייָב בַּלּוּלָב: MISHNAH: A woman may receive162The lulav when the men have performed the prescribed motions, since if it is not muqṣeh for one person it cannot be muqṣeh for another. from her son’s hand or her husband’s hand and return it to the water on the Sabbath. Rebbi Jehudah says, on the Sabbath one returns, on the holiday one adds, on the intermediate days one exchanges163The water which keeps lulav and twigs fresh.. A minor who knows how to move is obligated164The obligation is not the minor’s but his father’s; cf. Note 113. for the lulav.
הלכה: יוֹדֵעַ לְנַעְנֵעַ חַייָב בְּלוּלָב. יוֹדֵעַ לְהִתְעַטֵּף חַייָב בַּצִּיצִית. יוֹדֵעַ לְדַבֵּר אָבִיו מְלַמְּדוֹ לְשׁוֹן תּוֹרָה. יוֹדֵעַ לִשְׁמוֹר אֶת יָדָיו אוֹכְלִין עַל יָדָיו תְּרוּמָה. אֶת גּוּפוֹ אוֹכְלִין עַל גּוּפוֹ טָהֳרוֹת. אֲבָל אֵינוֹ עוֹבֵר לִפְנֵי הַתֵּיבָה וְאֵינוֹ נוֹשֵׂא אֶת כַּפָּיו וְאֵינוֹ עוֹמֵד עַל הַדּוּכָן עַד שֶׁיִּתְמָלֵא זְקָנוֹ. רִבִּי אוֹמֵר. וְכוּלְּהֵם מִבֶּן עֶשְׂרִים שָׁנָה וּמַעֲלָה. שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר וַיַּֽעֲמִ֣ידוּ אֶת־הַֽלְוִיִּ֗ם מִבֶּ֨ן עֶשְׂרִ֤ים שָׁנָה֙ וָמַ֔עְלָה לְנַצֵּחַ֭ עַל־מְלֶ֥אכֶת בֵּֽית־יְי. HALAKHAH: If he knows how to move100In the synagogue the main service involving the lulav is the recitation of Hallel, Pss. 113–118, where the lulav is moved at the recitation or repetition of designated verses. he is obligated for lulav. If he knows how to dress, he is obligated for ṣiṣit176To have the tassels at the four corners of his toga. Babli 42a, Arakhin2b; Tosephta Ḥagigah1:2.. If he knows how to talk, his father teaches him the language of the Torah177Biblical Hebrew.. If he knows how to keep his hands clean, one eats heave on his hands178If he washes his hands and then touched heave, the latter is not impaired by his touch and may be eaten by pure Cohanim.. If he knows how to keep his body clean, one eats food in purity on his body179If he knows what brings impurity and states that he is pure, the touch of his body does not contaminate food prepared in purity.. But he does not go before the Ark180As an appointed reader to lead the congregation in prayer., nor lift his hands171A Cohen to pronounce the Priestly Blessing., nor stands on the podium181A Levite singing in the Temple., before he grows a beard. Rebbi says, all of them at the age of twenty years182Irrespective of whether he grew a beard or not., as it is said183Ezra3:8. The age limit was established for the second Temple, therefore it is valid for the future. The pentateuchal age limit for Levites was 25 years; Num. 8:24.: They appointed the Levites, twenty years or older, to direct the work of the Eternal’s House.