משנה: נָשִׁים עֲבָדִים וּקְטַנִּים פְּטוּרִין מִן הַסּוּכָּה. כָּל־קָטָן שֶׁאֵינוֹ צָרִיךְ לְאִמּוֹ חַייָב בַּסּוּכָּה. מַעֲשֶׂה וְיָֽלְדָה כַלָּתוֹ שֶׁל שַׁמַּי הַזָּקֵן וּפִיחֵת אֶת הַמַּעֲזִיבָה וְסִיכֵּךְ עַל גַּבֵּי הַמִּיטָּה בִּשְׁבִיל הַקָּטָן׃ MISHNAH: Women, slaves, and minors are not obligated for the sukkah. Any minor who does not need his mother is obligated103As a minor he cannot be responsible for anything. His parents are obligated to bring him to the sukkah as part of his religious training. for the sukkah. It happened that the Elder Shammai’s daughter-in-law gave birth and he removed the roof insulation and thatched the roof over the bed for the minor.
הלכה: אֵי זֶהוּ קָטָן. דְּבֵית רִבִּי יַנַּאי אָֽמְרֵי. כָּל־שֶׁהוּא צָרִיךְ לְאִמּוֹ שֶׁתְּקַנְּחֶנּוּ. רִבִּי יוֹחָנָן אָמַר. כָּל־שֶׁהוּא נֵיעוֹר מִשְּׁנָתוֹ וְקוֹרֵא. אִימָּא. תַּנֵּי רִבִּי הוֹשַׁעְיָה. קָטָן שֶׁאֵינוֹ צָרִיךְ לְאִמּוֹ חַייָב בַּסּוּכָּה וְיוֹצֵא בְעֵירוּבוֹ שֶׁלְאִמּוֹ. HALAKHAH: What is a minor104Whose parents do not have to bring him to the sukkah.? In the house of Rebbi Yannai they said, any who needs his mother to cleanse him. Rebbi Joḥanan said, any who awakes from his sleep and cries “Mamma”105Babli 28b.. Rebbi Hoshaia stated: Any minor who does not need his mother is obligated for the sukkah but goes out with his mother’s eruv106If his mother made an eruv to move her Sabbath boundary on a Sabbath or holiday, it is not necessary to make a separate eruv for the child. Since the mother is not obligated in matters of sukkah, her status there cannot influence his status in matters of eruv teḥumim..