משנה: עֲגָלָה שֶׁל קָטָן טְמֵאָה מִדְרָס. נִיּטֶּלֶת בַּשַּׁבָּת וְאֵינָהּ נִגְרֶרֶת עַל גּבֵּי הַכֵּלִים. רִבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר כָּל־הַכֵּלִים אֵינָן נִגְרָרִין חוּץ מִן הָעֲגָלָה מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהִיא כוֹבֶשֶׁת: MISHNAH: A baby carriage is impure as support135Any implement used to sit or lay on becomes biblically impure if it supports a person impure by gonorrhea (Lev. 15:9,26) or menstruation (Lev. 20). This impurity is transmitted by the load; no direct contact is necessary. If the princess has her period, even if she touched only the uppermost of her ten mattresses, the entire bedstead is severely impure., may be used on the Sabbath, but is drawn136As the parallels in the Babli and the independent Mishnah mss. as well as logical necessity show, there is a word missing and one must read “but it is only d rawn on implements.” As the Halakhah explains, the Mishnah follows Rebbi Jehudah who holds that on the Sabbath and holidays one is liable also for unintended or undesirable effects of his action, in contrast to R. Simeon who holds liable only for prohibited actions whose prohibited effect was intended. The problem here is that drawing anything on a dirt floor will make a groove. Since pieces of dirt are moved to the side of the groove, this is forbidden digging. Therefore for R. Jehudah and his followers one may drag things on a floor only if the dirt is covered. on implements. Rebbi Jehudah said, no vessels are drawn except a carriage because it compresses140Under a wheel the dirt is moved only vertically, not horizontally, and this is missing an essential ingredient of biblically forbidden digging. .
הלכה: תַּנֵּי. לֹא יִגּוֹר אָדָם אֶת הַמִּטָה אֶת הַכִּסֵּא וְאֶת הַסַּפְסָל וְאֶת הַקַּתֵידְרָה. מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהוּא עוֹשֶׂה חָרִץ. וְרִבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן מַתִּיר. רִבִּי בָּא בְשֵׁם רַב חוּנָא רִבִּי חַגַּי בְשֵׁם רִבִּי זְעוּרָה רִבִּי יוֹסֵה בְשֵׁם רִבִּי אִילָא. מוֹדִין חֲכָמִים לְרִבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן בְּכִסֵּא שֶׁרַגְלָיו מְשׁוּקָּעוֹת בַּטִּיט שֶׁמּוּתָּר לְטַלְטְלוֹ. וְדִכְווָתָהּ. מוּתָּר לְהַחֲזִירוֹ. אָמַר רִבִּי יוֹסֵה. אוּף אֲנָן תַּנִּינָן. נִיטָּלִין בַּשַּׁבָּת. אָמַר רִבִּי יוֹסֵה בֵּירִבִּי בּוּן. דְּרִבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן הִיא. אָמַר רִבִּי יוֹסֵה. מַתְנִיתָה אָֽמְרָה כֵן. כָּל־הַכֵּלִים אֵינָן נִגְרָרִין חוּץ מִן הָעֲגָלָה מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהִיא כוֹבֶשֶׁת׃ HALAKHAH: We have stated138In the Babli version (Tosephta Yom Ṭov 2:18; Babli Šabbat 22a, 29b, 46a, Pesaḥim 101a, Menaḥot 41b) only R. Simeon’s opinion is quoted.: “A person may not drag a bed, or a chair, or a footstool139Latin subsellium., or a fauteuil140Under a wheel the dirt is moved only vertically, not horizontally, and this is missing an essential ingredient of biblically forbidden digging., because he makes a groove, but Rebbi Simeon permits.” 141This text also is in Šabbat Chapter 3, Notes 74–78; Kilaim1:9 (Notes 167–178). Rebbi Abba in the name of Rav Ḥuna, Rebbi Ḥaggai in the name of Rebbi Ze`ira, Rebbi Yose in the name of Rebbi Ila: The Sages admit to Rebbi Simeon that a chair whose legs are stuck in mud one is permitted to move on the Sabbath142Since the mud is soft, the groove will disappear by itself; it was not “made”.. Similarly it is permitted to return it. Rebbi Yose said, we also have stated143Mishnah Kilaim1:9 referring to turnips and radishes partially hidden after harvest.: “and they may be removed on the Sabbath.” Rebbi Yose ben Rebbi Abun said, this is Rebbi Simeon’s. Rebbi Yose said, a Mishnah says so, “one may not drag any implement except a carriage because it compresses144Mishnah 10. The wheels of the carriage will press the dust down, not move it sideways as would be the case if one drags anything without wheels. The Sages opposing R. Simeon forbid moving the “unprepared” dust even if this was not the intention of the person acting. This Mishnah cannot follow R. Simeon; it contradicts R. Simeon’s Mishnah in Kilaim..”