משנה: בֵּית שַׁמַּאי אוֹמְרִים אֵין נוֹטְלִין אֶת הָעֱלִי לְקַצֵּב עָלָיו בָּשָׂר. וּבֵית הִלֵּל מַתִּירִין. בֵּית שַׁמַּאי אוֹמְרִים אֵין נוֹתְנִין אֶת הָעוֹר לִפְנֵי הַדְּרִיסָה וְלֹא יַגְבִּיהֶנּוּ אֶלָּא אִם כֵּן יֵשׁ עָלָיו בָּשָׂר וּבֵית הִלֵּל מַתִּירִין. בֵּית שַׁמַּאי אוֹמְרִים אֵין מְסַלְּקִין אֶת הַתְּרִיסִין בְּיוֹם טוֹב וּבֵית הִלֵּל מַתִּירִין אַף לְהַחֲזִיר. MISHNAH: The House of Shammai say that one may not take the pestle158Or any other implement whose common use is not for the preparation of food. to cut meat on it, but the House of Hillel permit. The House of Shammai say that one may not give the hide to be trampled on159Hides of animals slaughtered as food on the holiday are raw material for the manufacture of leather. The House of Shammai hold that hides stripped of all the meat are industrial material and muqṣeh on the holiday. The House of Hillel hold that (almost) nothing becomes muqṣeh it it was not so at the start of the holiday. In this version of the Mishnah the hides may not be brought to the workplace. nor lift it160Or otherwise move them while muqṣeh. unless meat was left on it, but the House of Hillel permit. The House of Shammai say that one may not remove the shutters161Grocery stores usually were shuttered by iron plated movable on hinges; opening the store meant turning the shutters into horizontal sale platforms. Since the grocer may give on credit spices or other food items to housewives whose supply did run out on the holiday, the House of Hillel encourage this by letting the grocer lock his store on the holiday.
In the Babli, the independent Mishnah mss., and as quote in G,the sentence about the shutters is first in the Mishnah. Since this sentence is discussed first in the Halakhah, it seems clear that the order of the items in the Mishnah of the editio princeps, which is not from the ms., is an aberration. but the House of Hillel permit even to return them.
הלכה: [בֵּית שַׁמַּאי אוֹמְרִים אֵין נוֹטְלִין אֶת הָעֱלִי לְקַצֵּב עָלָיו בָּשָׂר. וּבֵית הִלֵּל מַתִּירִין.] הָא שֶׁלֹּא לְקַצֵּב עָלָיו בָּשָׂר אָסוּר. הָדָא הִיא דְאָמַר רִבִּי (בָּא) חִינְנָה בַּר שְׁלֶמְיָה בְשֵׁם רַב. מוֹדִין חֲכָמִים לְרִבִּי נְחֶמְיָה בְּזַייָרָה וּבִמְזוֹרָה וּבוּכְנָה. בְּזַייָרָה. דּוּ עֲצַר בֵּיהּ. וּמְזוֹרָה. דּוּ חֲבַט בֵּיהּ. וּבוּכְנָה. דּוּ כָתַת בֵּיהּ. HALAKHAH: [“The House of Shammai say that one may not take the pestle158Or any other implement whose common use is not for the preparation of food. to cut meat on it, but the House of Hillel permit.”] Therefore, not to cut meat on it is forbidden168Work tools may be used on the holiday only for preparation of food; otherwise they remain muqṣeh.. This is what 169The remainder of the text here is from Šabbat 17, Notes 48–50. R. Nehemiah states there that while the general rule is that implements may be moved and used on Sabbath and holiday, tools of trade may be used only for a direct need of the day. Rebbi (Abba,)170Unjustified deletion by the corrector; the name is confirmed by both parallel sources. Ḥinena bar Shelemiah in the name of Rav said: The Sages agree with Rebbi Neḥemiah about the press, the plank, and the mace; the press with which he presses, the plank on which one beats them, the mace with which he smashes them171The items mentioned all belong to the wine press and represent considerable investment. The mace is used to mash grapes on the plank put over the vat in the wine press..
[בֵּית שַׁמַּאי אוֹמְרִים אֵין נוֹתְנִין אֶת הָעוֹר.] שָׁוִין שֶׁלֹּא יְגָֽרְדֶנּוּ. מָה אֲנָן קַייָמִין. אִם בִּמְחובָּר לוֹ. כְגוּפוֹ הוּא. אִם בְּפָרוּשׁ. הָדָא הִיא דְאָמַר רִבִּי יַעֲקֹב בַּר אָחָא חִינְנָא קַרְתָּחַייָה בְשֵׁם רִבִּי הוֹשַׁעְיָה. דִּיסִיקִיָּה שְׁיֵּשׁ בְּתוֹכָהּ מָעוֹת. נוֹתֵן עָלֶיהָ כִכָּר וּמְטַלְטְלָהּ. כְּהָדָא אַנְטִיכֵי נַפְלַת עַל רִבִּי יִרְְמְיָה בְשׁוּבְתָא. וְחָֽשְׁבוּן עָלֶיהָ וְרִימוּנָהּ. לֹא שֶׁהֲלָכָה כְרִבִּי הוֹשַׁעְיָה אֶלָּא בְגִין רִבִּי יִרְמְיָה דְלָא יְסַכֵּן. שָׁוִין שֶׁלֹּא יְמַלְּחֶנּוּ. תַּנֵּי. אֲבָל הוּא מוֹלֵחַ עָלָיו בָּשָׂר לִצְלִי. חֲבֵרַייָא בְשֵׁם רַב. מוֹלֵחַ הוּא אָדָם דְּבַר מְרוּבֶּה. אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁאֵינוֹ יָכוֹל לוֹכַל מִמֶּנּוּ אֶלָּא דְבַר מְמוּעָט. רִבִּי אָחָא בְשֵׁם רַב. מוֹלֵחַ וּמַעֲרִים מוֹלֵחַ וּמַעֲרִים. מְלַח הָכָא וּמְלַח הָכָא. עַד דְּהוּא מְלַח כּוּלֵּיהּ. [“The House of Shammai say that one may not give the hide.”] They agree that one may not scrape it172Hide which becomes available on the holiday may not be scraped clean from meat fibers; this would be professional preparation for tanning.. Where do we hold? If it is connected to it, it is part of its body173When the House of Shammai ask that a piece of meat be on the hide, they could not mean that the meat be still fully connected to the hide since then their statement would be obvious.. If separated, 174This statement is from Šabbat 16, Notes 79–80. it parallels what Rebbi Jacob bar Aḥa said, Ḥinena from Cartagena in the name of Rebbi Hoshaia: On a saddle bag175Greek δισάκκιον. Literally “double bag”. full of coins one puts a loaf and may move it176While the saddle bag is muqṣeh,anything muqṣeh may be moved if it serves as a basis for something which may be moved. Babli Šabbat 142b.. As the following: an Antiochene cooking vessel fell on Rebbi Jeremiah on the Sabbath; they thought about it177Since cooking is forbidden on the Sabbath, a cooking vessel may not be moved unless the intention is for some use which is legitimate on the Sabbath. and lifted it. Not that practice follows Rebbi Hoshaia but that Rebbi Jeremiah should not be endangered. They agree that one may not salt it. It was stated: but he might salt meat on it to roast178Salting the hide is the first step in the tanning process; as such it is forbidden on the holiday. But since cooking is permitted, the hide may be used as table on which meat is salted before it is roasted. Babli 11a.. The colleagues in the name of Rav: A person may salt a large quantity even though he will be able to eat form it only a small quantity. Rebbi Aḥa in the name of Rav: One salts cunningly, and salts cunningly; he salts here and salts there until he salted everything179The cunning is that one spreads out the salting process and moves from place to place on the hide until every place has been salted. This is an approved circumvention of the holiday rules to encourage people to eat meat on the holiday, which in absence of refrigeration has to be fresh. Babli 11b..