משנה: הַקּוֹנֶה שְׁנֵי אִילָנוֹת בְּתוֹךְ שֶׁל חֲבֵירוֹ הֲרֵי זֶה לֹא קָנָה קַרְקַע. רִבִּי מֵאִיר אוֹמֵר קָנָה קַרְקַע. הִגְדִּילוּ לֹא יְשַׁפֶּה. וְהָעוֹלֶה מִן הַגֶּזַע שֶׁלּוֹ וּמִן הַשָׁרָשִׁים שֶׁל בַּעַל הַקַּרְקַע וְאִם מֵתוּ אֵין לוֹ קַרְקַע. קָנָה שְׁלֹשָׁה קָנָה קַרְקַע. הִגְדִּילוּ יְשַׁפֶּה. הָעוֹלֶה מִן הַשָׁרָשִׁים שֶׁלּוֹ וְאִם מֵתוּ יֵשׁ לוֹ קַרְקַע. MISHNAH: He who buys two trees on another’s property did not acquire the land56On which the trees stand.; Rebbi Meїr says, he acquired the land. If they grew, he need not cut them57Anything that grows from the tree, neither new shoots nor expanding crowns which extend beyond the range they had at the time of sale.. What grows from the stem is his, from the roots58A new tree coming out of the earth. is the owner’s of the ground. If they died, he has no land59Cf. Chapter 4, Note 79..
If he bought three, he bought the land. If they grew, he has to cut them60Anything which will grow into the original owner’s land is no different from trees growing in one orchard and overhanging another owner’s property (Halakhah 2:14).. What grows from the roots is his. If they died, he has the land.
הלכה: הַקּוֹנֶה שְׁנֵי אִילָנוֹת בְּתוֹךְ שֶׁלַּחֲבֵירוֹ כול׳. (דִּבְרֵי) [דְּבֵית] רִבִּי יַנַּאי אָֽמְרֵי. הָרוֹאֶה אֶת הַצֵּל זֶהוּ שׁוֹרֶשׁ. הָרוֹאֶה אֶת הַחַמָּה זֶהוּ גֶּזַע. רִבִּי חָמָא בַּר עוּקְבָּה בְשֵׁם רִבִּי יוֹסֵי. הָעוֹלֶה מִשָּׁרָשָׁיו וּמִגִּזְעוֹ זֶהוּ שׁוֹרֶשׁ. מִגִּזְעוֹ וְלֹא מִשָּׁרָשָׁיו זֶהוּ אִילָן. אָמַר רִבִּי יוֹחָנָן. הַקּוֹנֶה שְׁלֹשָׁה אִילָנוֹת קָנָה קַרְקַע שֶׁבֵּינֵיהֶן וְתַחְתֵּיהֶן וְחוּצָה לָהֶן כִּמְלוֹא אוּרָה וְסַלּוֹ. אָמַר רִבִּי לָֽעְזָר וְדֶרֶךְ אֵין לוֹ וּמְלוֹא אוּרָה וְסַלּוֹ יֵשׁ לוֹ חוּצָה לוֹ. HALAKHAH: “He who buys two trees on another’s property,” etc. (The words)61Reading of L. [In the House of]62Reading of E. Rebbi Yannai they said, what sees the shadow is root, what sees the sun is stem63Babli 82a, in the name of R. Joḥanan. The question is, what is meant by “growth from the roots”? The entire tree grows from the roots. On the other hand, unless lifted by man, most roots will feed just one stem. Where does one draw the line between stem and roots at the bottom of the stem?. Rebbi Ḥama bar Uqba in the name of Rebbi Yose: What grows from its roots and its stem is root, from its stem but not its roots is tree64Anything grown as a branch is the buyer’s; anything else is the landlord’s.. Rebbi Joḥanan said65Babli 82a. It is understood that this only applies to trees which qualify for an orchard; i. e. that the distance between two trees be no larger than √250 = 15.81 cubits (cf. Ševi‘it 1:2, Note 18)., he who buys three trees buys the land in between them, under them, and outside of them the width of the harvester and his bag66Four cubits around each tree (Chapter 2, Note 101; Ševi‘it 1:2 Note 19). Rebbi Eleazar said, while he has no access67Unless the trees are directly accessible from the road, buying the trees does not buy access. (But the person who only buys two trees rents the land and has free access as a renter; Babli 82b.), he has the width of the harvester and his bag outside of them.