משנה: לֹא יַעֲמִיד אָדָם תַּנּוּר בְּתוֹךְ הַבַּיִת אֶלָּא אִם כֵּן יֵשׁ עַל גַּבָּיו גּוֹבַהּ אַרְבַּע אַמּוֹת. הָיָה מַעֲמִידוֹ בָעֲלִייָה עַד שֶׁיְּהֵא תַחְתָּיו מַעֲזֵיבָה ג̇ טְפָחִים וּבְכִירָה טֶפַח. וְאִם הִזִּיק מְשַׁלֵּם מַה שֶׁהִזִּיק. רִבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן אוֹמֵר לֹא אָֽמְרוּ כָל־הַשִׁיעוּרִים הָאֵילּוּ אֶלָּא שֶׁאִם הִזִּיק יְהֵא פָטוּר מִלְּשַׁלֵּם. MISHNAH: A person should not put an oven in the house23The ground floor which either has a dirt or a stone floor. Therefore, no fireproofing is needed below the oven. But the ceiling, which also is the floor of the second storey, is made of logs covered with plaster; it is flammable. unless there be above it a space of four cubits; or if he puts it on the upper floor unless there be under it insulating material three handbreadths and for a stove one handbreadth22If the stove is used inside the house, it needs fireproofing material on the floor, the ceiling, and the nearby wall. But if he caused damage, he must pay what he damaged24Even if he observed all rules spelled out in the Mishnah.. Rebbi Simeon said, the reason they indicated these measures is that he not be liable to pay if he caused any damage,.
הלכה: לֹא יַעֲמִיד אָדָם כול׳. תַּנֵּי. וְלֹא שֶׁלְּנַפָּחִין. תַּנָּה רַב קַרְנָא. אִין הֲוָה כְגוֹן קֵינִי אוֹ כְנַפָּח מִתְּחִילָּה מוּתָּר. כְּנֶגֶד דִּירָתוֹ מָהוּ. אָמַר רִבִּי אָחָא. כָּל־שֶׁכֵּן כְּנֶגֶד דִּירָתוֹ. אָמַר רִבִּי יוֹנָתָן. הַמַּזִּיק אֵין לוֹ חֲזָקָה. רִבִּי יְהוֹשֻׁעַ אוֹמֵר. מַמְחֵיי רַבָּנִין בְּעָשָׁן תָּדִיר. כְּהָדָא חָדָא אִיתָא הֲװָת מִדְלְקָה חוֹלִין תְּחוֹת רִבִּי אִילְפַיי. אִיבְּעָה מַמְחַייָא בְיָדָהּ. אָתָא עוֹבְדָא קוֹמֵי רִבִּי נָסָה. אָמַר. לֹא אָֽמְרוּ אֶלָּא בְעָשָׁן תָּדִיר. HALAKHAH: “A person should not put,” etc. It was stated: Nor a smithy. Rav Qarna stated: If he was like a metal worker34The biblical metal worker; Gen.4:22; he only spends a small part of his time as a smith; most of his time he manufactures metal vessels., or it was built originally as a smithy35A separate building. It is possible to read: If it was built as a smithy from the start, i. e., if the smithy existed before the construction of the warehouse; this is the interpretation of the Babli, 20b., it is permitted. How is it in front of his dwelling36Out in the open.? Rebbi Aḥa said, certainly not in front of his dwelling37This already was settled in Halakhah 1:7.. Rebbi Jonathan said, a person causing damage has no claim of undisturbed posession38Babli 23a. Even if the other inhabitants of the courtyard do not object, a new owner can object if an activity is classified in law as damaging.. Rebbi Joshua39Rosh (Chapter 2, §18) reads “R. Joshua ben Levi.” This reading has to be accepted. said, the rabbis object to permanent smoke. As the following: A woman was burning sand40Maybe to make glass. It is possible to read: She was burning the bird Ḥol (Phoenix, Job 19:18). For חולין Rosh reads קלא or קולין “roasts”. below [the apartment of] Rebbi Ilfay41Rosh reads: R. Eleazar.. He wanted to object to her. The case came before Rebbi Nasa who said, they said it only about continuous smoke.