אִלְמָלֵא, אִלְמָלֵי, אִילְ׳ 1) (= (= אילו־מא־לָא) if in any way not, if not, but for (usu. without verb or followed by שֶׁ־ or דְּ־; cmp. אִלֵּימָא I, 1). Snh. 49ᵃ א׳ דוד וכ׳ but for David (studying the Law), Joab could wage no war. Meg. 12ᵇ א׳ אגרות וכ׳ but for the previous letters. Tanḥ. Ḥukkath 1 (ed. Bub. 1 אם לא); a. fr. —2) (= אִילּוּ־מא־לֻא: cmp. אִלֵּימָא I, 2) if indeed. Meg. 24ᵇ אלמלי אתה לוי [Ms. M. אלמלא לוי אתה) if thou wert a Levite. Keth. 33ᵇ אלמלא נגדוה וכ׳ if they had lashed Hananiah &c. Sabb. 118ᵇ; a. fr. [A differentiation of spelling which may have existed for the two opposite meanings of our w., is untraceable; v. Lowe, Pesachim, p. 28.] Cmp. אִילּוּלֵי.