ורחב. הנה הרוחב חצי האורך והמפרשים אמרו כי המשכן הושם במרחק חמשים במערב. והנה רחבו חמשים.וזהו ורוחב חמשים בחמשים. ולפי דעתי כי הטעם שהוא מרוב אורך זויותיו נצבות כי רחבו בכל צד חמשים. ואין טעם להיות פירוש חמשים בחמשים מצדי החצר. כי לא כפל האורך על הרוחב כמשפט: AND FOR THE BREADTH…FIFTY CUBITS. The width of the courtyard was thus half of its length.40The courtyard was 100 cubits long. The commentaries tell us that the tabernacle was placed fifty cubits westward.41From the eastern wall of the courtyard. See Eruvin 23b. “He placed the tabernacle (which measured 30 by 20 cubits) at the edge of fifty cubits (i.e., 50 cubits inwards) so that there was fifty cubits in front of the tabernacle and twenty cubits around the sides.” Now its width was fifty cubits. This is what and the breadth fifty every where (v. 18) means. However, I believe that the meaning of the breadth fifty every where is that the courtyard was a right-angled parallelogram,42Hebrew, me-rov orekh zavyotav nitzavot. Literally, because of its many long right angles. In other words, the courtyard was a parallelogram that measured 50 cubits in width. Such a structure is 50 cubits in breadth every where, i.e., all along its width. Meijler suggests emending me-rov orekh zavyotav nitzavot (because of the length of its many angles) to meruva orekh zavyotav nitzavot (a right-angled parallelogram). Vat. Ebr. 38 reads: merchav arokh zeviyot, which means a right-angled parallelogram. This reading seems to be the most correct. Be that as it may, according to I.E. the import of our verse is that the tabernacle courtyard was not tapered but measured 100 by 50 cubits. and its width was fifty cubits on all sides.43For the meaning of the breadth fifty every where is that its width did not vary. There is no necessity to explain the breadth fifty every where as referring to the side of the courtyard,44That is, the eastern side of the courtyard (Filwarg). I.E. takes issue with the rabbis who held that the courtyard on the east side of the tabernacle was a 50 by 50-cubit square, as the tabernacle was placed 50 cubits inwards from the eastern wall of the courtyard. See note 41. See I.E.’s short commentary. Also see Rashi. as Scripture does not repeat the dimensions length by width as it normally does.45Verse 18 reads, chamishim ba-chamishim (fifty every where). If Scripture were speaking of a square it would read, chamishim al chamishim (fifty by fifty) (Filwarg). Also see Weiser.