Gittin 7bגיטין ז׳ ב
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7bז׳ ב

(נחום א, יב) ועניתיך אמר מר זוטרא אפי' עני המתפרנס מן הצדקה יעשה צדקה לא אענך עוד תני רב יוסף שוב אין מראין לו סימני עניות:

The Gemara addresses the continuation of the verse: “And though I have afflicted you [ve’innitikh]” (Nahum 1:12). Mar Zutra says: This means that even a poor person [ani] who is sustained from charity must also perform charity. With regard to the expression: “And I will afflict you [a’anekh] no more,” Rav Yosef teaches: This means that if he gives charity to others, God will no longer show him signs of poverty [aniyyut].

רבי יהודה אומר מרקם למזרח כו': למימרא דעכו לצפונה דא"י קיימא ורמינהו היה מהלך מעכו לכזיב מימינו למזרח הדרך טמאה משום ארץ העמים ופטורה מן המעשר ומן השביעית עד שיודע לך שהיא חייבת

§ The mishna teaches that Rabbi Yehuda says: From Rekem and eastward is considered to be a country overseas, from Akko and northward is also outside of Eretz Yisrael, and Akko itself is like north of Eretz Yisrael. The Gemara asks: Is this to say that Akko is located to the north of Eretz Yisrael? And the Gemara raises a contradiction from a baraita (Tosefta, Oholot 18:14) that indicates that Akko is not on the northern border of Eretz Yisrael: If one was traveling from Akko to Keziv, the area on his right, to the east of the road, is impure due to the impurity of the land of the nations, and that area is exempt from the obligation to separate tithe from its produce and from the mitzvot of the Sabbatical Year, as it is assumed to be outside of Eretz Yisrael, until he arrives at a place where it is known to you that it is obligated.

משמאלו למערב הדרך טהורה משום ארץ העמים וחייבת במעשר ובשביעית עד שיודע לך שהיא פטורה עד היכן עד כזיב רבי ישמעאל ברבי יוסי אומר משום אביו עד לבלבו

The baraita continues: Conversely, the territory on his left, to the west of the road, is pure with regard to the impurity of the land of the nations, as it is assumed to be within Eretz Yisrael, and obligated in the mitzva to separate tithe from its produce and in the mitzvot of the Sabbatical Year, until he arrives at a place where it is known to you that it is exempt. Until where does this halakha apply? Until Keziv. Rabbi Yishmael, son of Rabbi Yosei, said in the name of his father: Until the place known as Lavlevu. In any case, this indicates that Akko is not considered the northern border of Eretz Yisrael, as the description in the baraita indicates that Keziv is further north than Akko.

אמר אביי רצועה נפקא ויהיב תנא סימנא הכי אין קרא נמי יהיב סימנא דכתיב (שופטים כא, יט) ויאמרו הנה חג ה' בשילו מימים ימימה אשר מצפונה לבית אל מזרחה השמש למסלה העולה מבית אל שכמה ומנגב ללבונה ואמר רב פפא למזרחה של מסלה

Abaye said: A strip extends northward from Akko, which is still considered part of Eretz Yisrael, but the general border is at the latitude of Akko. The Gemara asks: But would the tanna of the baraita provide a sign in this manner for an area of a strip of land? The Gemara answers: Yes, and a verse also provides a sign in this manner, as it is written: “And they said: Behold, there is the feast of the Lord from year to year in Shiloh, which is on the north of Bethel, on the east side of the highway that goes up from Bethel to Shechem, and on the south of Lebonah” (Judges 21:19). And Rav Pappa said: The expression: “On the east side,” should be understood as meaning to the east of the highway. This verse demonstrates that an area as narrow as a road can be used as a sign.

תנא חדא המביא גט בספינה כמביא בא"י ותניא אידך כמביא בחו"ל

§ The Gemara presents a contradiction between two baraitot. It was taught in one baraita: One who brings a bill of divorce that was written on a boat in Eretz Yisrael is considered to be like one who brings it in Eretz Yisrael, and therefore he is not required to say: It was written in my presence and it was signed in my presence. And it is taught in another baraita (Tosefta 1:1) that one who brings a bill of divorce written on a boat in Eretz Yisrael is like one who brings a bill of divorce outside of Eretz Yisrael.

א"ר ירמיה לא קשיא הא ר' יהודה הא רבנן דתנן עפר חו"ל הבא בספינה לארץ חייב במעשר ובשביעית

Rabbi Yirmeya says: This is not difficult, as one can say that this baraita is in accordance with the opinion of Rabbi Yehuda, and that baraita is in accordance with the opinion of the Rabbis. As we learned in a mishna (Ḥalla 2:2): With regard to soil from outside of Eretz Yisrael that is brought on a boat to Eretz Yisrael, anything that grew in that soil is obligated in tithe and in the mitzvot of the Sabbatical Year. According to this opinion, soil is considered part of Eretz Yisrael once it arrives there, which means that the plants growing in it are considered to be in Eretz Yisrael.

א"ר יהודה אימתי בזמן שהספינה גוששת אבל אין הספינה גוששת פטור

Rabbi Yehuda said: When did the Sages say this ruling? When the boat is skimming [gosheshet] the sea floor, as it is weighed down in the water. However, when the boat is not skimming the sea floor, the soil is exempt. The Sage who maintains that the boat is considered to be like Eretz Yisrael with regard to a bill of divorce holds in accordance with the Rabbis of this mishna, and the one who maintains that the boat is not like Eretz Yisrael for the purposes of a bill of divorce holds in accordance with the opinion of Rabbi Yehuda.

אביי אמר הא והא ר' יהודה היא ול"ק כאן בזמן שאין הספינה גוששת כאן בזמן שהספינה גוששת

Abaye said: It is possible to say that both this baraita and that baraita are in accordance with the opinion of Rabbi Yehuda, and it is not difficult: Here, the baraita where the soil is considered outside of Eretz Yisrael, deals with a situation when the boat is not skimming the sea floor; and there, in the baraita that states that the soil is considered to be like Eretz Yisrael, it is referring to a case when the boat is skimming the sea floor.

א"ר זירא עציץ נקוב המונח על גבי יתדות באנו למחלוקת רבי יהודה ורבנן

Rabbi Zeira says: In the case of a perforated pot that is resting on pegs, if something grew in it, we have arrived at the dispute of Rabbi Yehuda and the Rabbis concerning the soil on the boat. Just as the Rabbis maintain that the soil is considered attached to Eretz Yisrael even if the boat does not actually touch the sea floor, the same applies to a perforated flowerpot on pegs, whereas Rabbi Yehuda holds that in both cases the soil must actually be in contact with the earth for it to be considered part of Eretz Yisrael.

אמר רבא דילמא לא היא עד כאן לא קאמר ר' יהודה התם אלא בספינה

Rava said, in rejection of this claim: Perhaps that is not so, as Rabbi Yehuda says his opinion only there, with regard to a boat,