Chagigah 7bחגיגה ז׳ ב
The William Davidson Talmudתלמוד מהדורת ויליאם דוידסון
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7bז׳ ב

א"ל אביי פשיטא הי מינייהו משוית להו פושעים והי מינייהו משוית להו זריזין

Abaye said to him: This is obvious; which of his sons would he render sinners, who are too lazy to ascend, and which of them would he render vigilant, eager to perform the mitzva at the first opportunity?

אלא קרא למאי אתא לכדאחרים דתניא אחרים אומרים המקמץ והמצרף נחשת והבורסי פטורין מן הראייה שנאמר (דברים טז, טז) כל זכורך מי שיכול לעלות עם כל זכורך יצאו אלו שאין יכולין לעלות עם כל זכורך:

Rather, for what purpose does the verse: “All your males,” come? It comes to teach that which Aḥerim taught. As it is taught in a baraita: Aḥerim say that a scrimper, one who gathers dog feces to give them to tanners for the purpose of tanning hides; a melder of copper, who purifies copper from dross; and a tanner of hides are all exempt from the mitzva of appearance, as their occupation inflicts upon them an unpleasant odor. As it is stated: “All your males,” which indicates that only one who is able to ascend with all your males is obligated, excluding these. As people avoid their company, they cannot ascend with all your males.

מתני׳ עולות במועד באות מן החולין והשלמים מן המעשר יום טוב הראשון של פסח ב"ש אומרים מן החולין ובית הלל אומרים מן המעשר

MISHNA: Burnt-offerings that one sacrifices on the intermediate days of the Festival must come from non-sacred property, not from sacred property such as second-tithe money. But the peace-offerings may be brought from the second tithe, i.e., from money with which one redeemed second tithe, which is subsequently used to purchase food in Jerusalem. With regard to the Festival peace-offering sacrificed on the first day of the festival of Passover, Beit Shammai say: It must come from non-sacred property, and Beit Hillel say: It may be brought even from the second tithe.

ישראל יוצאין ידי חובתן בנדרים ונדבות ובמעשר בהמה והכהנים בחטאות ואשמות ובבכור ובחזה ושוק אבל לא בעופות ולא במנחות:

In general, Israelites fulfill their obligation to eat peace-offerings of rejoicing with their voluntary vows and gift offerings donated during the year and sacrificed on the Festival; and likewise with animal tithes. And the priests fulfill their obligation of rejoicing with the meat of sin-offerings and guilt-offerings and with firstborn offerings, as the priests receive a portion of these, and with the breast and thigh of peace-offerings, to which they are also entitled. However, they do not fulfill their obligation with birds, e.g., a bird sacrificed as a sin-offering, nor with meal-offerings, as only the eating of meat constitutes rejoicing.

גמ׳ אלא עולות במועד הוא דבאות מן החולין הא ביום טוב מן המעשר אמאי דבר שבחובה היא וכל דבר שבחובה אינו בא אלא מן החולין

GEMARA: When the mishna states that burnt-offerings sacrificed during the intermediate days of the Festival may come from non-sacred property, this leads to the surprising conclusion that on the Festival they may even come from the second tithe. The Gemara asks: Why should this be the case? The burnt-offering is an obligatory matter, and there is a principle that any obligatory matter with regard to offerings may come only from non-sacred property that was consecrated expressly for this purpose alone, not from property that was previously consecrated for another purpose.

וכי תימא הא קא משמע לן דעולות במועד באות ביום טוב אינן באות כמאן כבית שמאי

And if you would say that this teaches us that burnt-offerings may come, i.e., be sacrificed, on the intermediate days of the Festival, whereas on the Festival they may not come at all, in accordance with whose opinion is this mishna? It is in accordance with the opinion of Beit Shammai.

דתנן בית שמאי אומרים מביאין שלמים ואין סומכין עליהן אבל לא עולות ובית הלל אומרים מביאין שלמים ועולות וסומכין עליהן

As we learned in a mishna (Beitza 19a) that Beit Shammai say: One brings peace-offerings on a Festival, but one does not place his hands on them, as placing one’s hands on an animal on a Festival is prohibited by rabbinic law. However, one may not sacrifice burnt-offerings at all, as they are not eaten, and slaughtering is permitted on a Festival only for human needs. And Beit Hillel say: One brings both peace-offerings and burnt-offerings, and one does place his hands on them. It is unlikely that an anonymous mishna would follow the opinion of Beit Shammai, whose rulings are not accepted as halakha.

חסורי מיחסרא והכי קתני עולות נדרים ונדבות במועד באות ביום טוב אינן באות ועולת ראייה באה אפילו ביו"ט וכשהיא באה אינה באה אלא מן החולין ושלמי שמחה באין אף מן המעשר וחגיגת יום טוב הראשון של פסח בית שמאי אומרים מן החולין ובית הלל אומרים מן המעשר

The Gemara answers: This mishna is incomplete, and this is what it is teaching: Burnt-offerings brought as a fulfillment of one’s vow or as gift offerings may come on the intermediate days of the Festival. However, on the Festival itself they may not come. And the burnt-offering of appearance comes even on the Festival, but when it comes, it may come only from non-sacred property, as it is obligatory. And peace-offerings of rejoicing may come even from the second tithe. And with regard to the Festival peace-offering brought on the first day of Passover, Beit Shammai say: It may come only from non-sacred property, and Beit Hillel say: It may come even from the second tithe.

תניא נמי הכי עולות נדרים ונדבות במועד באות ביום טוב אינן באות ועולת ראייה באה אפי' ביום טוב וכשהיא באה אינה באה אלא מן החולין ושלמי שמחה באין אף מן המעשר וחגיגת יום טוב הראשון של פסח בית שמאי אומרים מן החולין ובית הלל אומרים מן המעשר

That opinion is also taught in a baraita: Burnt-offerings brought as a fulfillment of one’s vow or as gift offerings may come on the intermediate days of the Festival. However, on the Festival itself they may not come. And the burnt-offering of appearance comes even on the Festival, but when it comes it may come only from non-sacred property. And peace-offerings of rejoicing may come even from the second tithe. And with regard to the Festival peace-offering brought on the first day of the festival of Passover, Beit Shammai say: It may come only from non-sacred property, and Beit Hillel say: It may come even from the second tithe.

מאי שנא חגיגת יום טוב הראשון של פסח אמר רב אשי הא קא משמע לן חגיגת חמשה עשר אין חגיגת ארבעה עשר לא

The Gemara asks: What is different about the Festival peace-offering brought on the first day of the festival of Passover? Rav Ashi said: This emphasis on the specific date teaches us that for the Festival peace-offering of the fifteenth, i.e., the pilgrimage Festival offerings brought on the first day of Passover, yes, this restriction applies; however, for the Festival peace-offering of the fourteenth, no, this limitation is not in force. If the Paschal lamb was too small for a group, they would bring an additional peace-offering so that the Paschal lamb could be eaten when one was full. This offering was called the Festival peace-offering of the fourteenth of Nisan. Since this offering is not obligatory, everyone agrees that it may be purchased with second-tithe money.