בַּעֲוֹן עִינּוּי הַדִּין, וְעִיוּוּת הַדִּין, וְקִלְקוּל הַדִּין, וּבִיטּוּל תּוֹרָה — חֶרֶב וּבִיזָּה רָבָה, וְדֶבֶר וּבַצּוֹרֶת בָּא, וּבְנֵי אָדָם אוֹכְלִין וְאֵינָן שְׂבֵעִין, וְאוֹכְלִין לַחְמָם בְּמִשְׁקָל. דִּכְתִיב: ״וְהֵבֵאתִי עֲלֵיכֶם חֶרֶב נוֹקֶמֶת נְקַם בְּרִית וְגוֹ׳״. וְאֵין ״בְּרִית״ אֶלָּא תּוֹרָה, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר: ״אִם לֹא בְרִיתִי יוֹמָם וָלָיְלָה וְגוֹ׳״, וּכְתִיב: ״בְּשִׁבְרִי לָכֶם מַטֵּה לֶחֶם וְאָפוּ עֶשֶׂר נָשִׁים וְגוֹ׳״, וּכְתִיב: ״יַעַן וּבְיַעַן בְּמִשְׁפָּטַי מָאָסוּ״.
Furthermore, the Sages said that due to the sin of delay of justice, i.e., judges delay issuing their rulings due to personal considerations, and for distortion of justice, i.e., judges intentionally distort their verdicts, and for miscarriage of justice that results from negligence, and for dereliction in the study of Torah, violence and looting abound in the world, and pestilence and famine come, and people eat and are not sated, and they eat their bread measured by weight. As it is written: “And I will bring a sword upon you, that shall execute the vengeance of the covenant; and you shall be gathered together within your cities; and I will send the pestilence among you; and you shall be delivered into the hand of the enemy” (Leviticus 26:25). And covenant means nothing other than Torah, as it is stated: “If My covenant be not with day and night, if I have not appointed the ordinances of heaven and earth” (Jeremiah 33:25). The study of Torah is the mitzva practiced both day and night. And it is written with regard to this punishment: “When I break your staff of bread, ten women shall bake your bread in one oven, and they shall deliver your bread again by weight; and ye shall eat, and not be satisfied” (Leviticus 26:26). And it is written: “Even because they rejected My ordinances, and their soul abhorred My statutes” (Leviticus 26:43). All of these punishments result from breaching the covenant of the Torah and the perversion of justice.