1. Reading exercise Read Psalm 93 in Hebrew and English. Do you experience a rhythm to the Psalm?
2. Activity Review the Hebrew text of the Psalm. Which words in the Psalm refer to water?
3. Setting Are there any references to location in this Psalm? Where do you think the action is taking place?
4. Structure This Psalm has a different verse structure than the other Psalms we have studied in all but verse 2. What does the structure add? What do you make of the anomalous verse 2?
5. Biblical/Rabbinic references
Examine the following passages:
Verse 1, part 2 Isaiah 11:5; Job 12:18
Verse 1, part 3 Psalm 96:10; I Chronicles 16:30; Psalm 15:5
Verse 2 Nedarim 39b
Verse 4 Jonah 2:4; Psalm 88:8
Verse 5 Psalm 19:8
Whole Psalm Exodus 15:5-10; 17-18, Psalm 29 (especially verse 10)
6. Difficult words/phrases
Verse 1 how many verbs are in this verse? The second section of the verse contains an ambiguity or grammatical difficulty.
Verse 3 דכים appears nowhere else in the Tanach. Possibly related to the root דכא or דכה.
Verse 5 נאוה also an anomaly, possibly related to נווה or נאה. See also נוה קדשך in Exodus 15:13
7. Prayer and liturgy In Shabbat liturgy, this Psalm appears with Psalm 92 but often takes a back seat to its partner in the davening. Do you consider Psalm 93 as important as Psalm 92? How do you think this Psalm is related to Shabbat?
8. Spiritual issues – questions for reflection and discussion
How does this Psalm portray G-d? Is it an image of divinity you can relate to? Do you find this kind of portrayal of G-d important to your prayer life?
9. Conclusion Do you find this Psalm personally meaningful? Do you find the themes in this Psalm an important part of Judaism?