Find all the words you can in the Psalm that relate to the sun or light.
How many distinct sections do you find in this Psalm? How do the parts relate to one another?
3. Difficult words/phrases
Verse 4 Try to come up with at least two different ways this perplexing verse can be understood.
Verse 5 אהל/הלל : see Job 25:5, Isaiah 13:10, Job 29:3. This word does not necessarily mean tent. It can be related to light.
Verse 14 איתם this word is often understood as two words put together אהיה תם. Even Shushan lists the word under the root תמם. How do you understand this word?
4. Biblical and rabbinic parallels
General sources: Proverbs 6:23, Micah 7:9, Malachi 3:20
Verse 8: עדות: Exodus 25:22, 31:18, 38:21, I Kings 2:3, Psalms 78:5, 132:12
Verse 10: יראת ה’: Ps. 34:12, 2 Kings 17:25-28, עומדת לעד: Psalm 72:5, 89:37
Verse 11: דבש: Prov. 24:13-14, 16:24, Ezekiel 2:8-3:3, Psalm 119:103
Verse 13: Jeremiah 17:9-10
Verse 14: Psalm 86:14, Prov. 21:24, Malachi 3:15, 19, Psalm 119:51, 69, 78
Verse 15: Exodus 28:38, Leviticus 1:3, Psalm 141:2, Exodus 12:5
Biblical Sources on Worship of Sun -
2 Kings 23:5, 11
Additional Biblical verses on this concept:
Exodus 20:4-5, Deuteronomy 4:19, 2 Kings 21:3-5, Jeremiah 8:1-2
The Bible engages in tacit polemic against the basic ideas and concepts that animated the pagan religions Often the technique is to use the very terminology and phraseology of pagan myth or liturgy, empty them of their objectionable content, and transform them to make them compatible with the religion of Israel. (Sarna, pp. 71-72)
Most of the epithets applied to the Torah [in this Psalm] occur as attributes of the sun god in the ancient near eastern literature. (Sarna, p. 83)
Citations from Sarna, Nahum M., Songs of the Heart, (Schocken Books, New York, 1993)
How does Sarnas explanation help you understand the relationship between Torah and Nature as presented in this Psalm?