The Hebrew Canon begins with the Book of Joshua. The name in Greek for Jesus can actaully mean Joshua. The idea of salvation is conveyed in both of these names. We see a foreshadowing of Jesus in the fact that Jesus will being His people into the Promised Land, in the redemption of mankind.
The book of Judges depicts that God sends judges when Israel falls away from Him. God will send His Son to be the true Judge to bring His people to salvation!
We see the coming of the Messiah, who would come from the seed of Jesse. This boy named David, whose father did not even think that he was worthy to line up with his other sons. Jesus would not be the messiah that they expected, but the messiah who they needed.
The Historical Books are grouped into the canon but we will not be discussing them as we want to get into the major and minor prophets!
This is a prophecy that Jesus will fulfil. A ture peace will come from the Word of God, Jesus!
The Virgin shall conceive a son. He will be Immanuel which means ( with us is God).
Please note that these verbs are future tense. This verb to be born has an emphatic meaning such as to be begotten. The main reason Jewish scholars want to translate it in the past tense is because they want to claim that this is talking about Hezekiah. However, we will see Isaiah speak of Hezekiah later and he uses different hebrew words to convey this.
Jesus will be born of the line of David!
This speaks directly to what we will see in the Gospels where John the Baptist will preach repentance and prepare the way of the Lord, Jesus!
Isaiah 53 speaks about the suffering servant and we all know this passage very well. He would be smitten for our transgressions and we would esteem him not.
The verb is changed here to indicate that he took on the unbearable weight of our sins.
Jesus will read this portion and say that this speaks about Him.
Gathering in of the exiles bringing God's people to Himself
He will bring the people back from their idolatry. He will make them alive again and give them a new heart for Him. He will make them alive and sustain them.
The prophet Hosea tells the story of Gomer, a prostitute who marries Hosea and then runs off. Hosea is told by God to chase after her. This is a symbolism of how God chases and will chase after His own people, even those who reject Him. He gives of Himself and will die on a corss!
This is quoted by St. Peter in the book of Acts and shows what God will do for His covenant people.
Jonah is a prophet that is living during the reign of King Jeroboam, who was not a good king. He set up idolatrous relics in the temples of Bethel and Dan. God sends him to Nineveh, the capital of Assyria, a nation that in 722 BC would conquer the northern kingdom. Jonah refuses to go but then repents and goes to Nineveh. The people repent and now Jonah is angry!
God decides to teach Jonah by giving him a plant and then kills the plant. God says why are you so angry. And He teaches Jonah that just as this small plant was precious to you so are my people and why should I not care for them. God cared for the enemies of His covenant people! He cares for people who would be against Him and would die for their sins.
We see the triumphal entry of Jesus.
Jesus is the good shepherd. The one who would die. 30 shekels of silver is interesting because it is the price that Judas would be paid to see out Jesus. He would be ransomed for this price.