And if God had decreed upon a person that they be either just or wicked, or had there been a fundamentally inborn something to draw a person to either of the paths, or to any one branch of knowledge, or to a given tendency of the tendencies, or to particular act of all actions - as the stupid astrologists contend - then how did God command us through the prophets, to do thus and not to do such, improve your ways, and do not follow your wickedness, when a person in their embryonic state already has a decree of their conduct issued, or their inborn nature draws them toward a given path of conduct from which they can not deviate? And what need would there be for the Torah altogether?! And by what law, and under what system of justice could the wicked be punished, or the just rewarded? "Shall the judge of the whole earth not do justice?"
Now, do not wonder and ask: "How is it possible for a person to do what their heart desires, and have everything given over to them, when one cannot do anything in the world without the permission of one's Maker - as it says: "Whatever the Eternal desires, will the Eternal do, in heaven and in earth, in the seas and in all the depths." (Ps. 135.6)? Know all that everything humanity does is in accordance with God's Will, although our actions given over to us. How does this work? Just as it is the Creator's Will that fire and air ascend upward, and that water and earth descend downward, that planets revolve, and that other creatures of the universe follow their respective natural laws, as it was God's Will for them to be, so was it God's Will that human beings have the the power of free will, and that all their actions are given to them to decide, and they should be neither forced or drawn, but that human beings themselves, with the mind that God gave them, can do whatever is humanly possible.
A person is, therefore, judged according to actions; if one did good, one is rewarded with good; and if one did wrong, one is punished.