BIG QUESTIONS ABOUT TIKVAH
- When is it appropriate to hold out hope for something (hold on) and when is it appropriate to let go?
- Is there an inherent value in Judaism to maintain hope?
- When do you want to hold on to hope and when is it wise to change course? How do you make that decision?
TIKVAH IN JEWISH THOUGHT
UNDERSTANDING THE CONFLICT IN TIKVAH
- Do you relate to one character more than another? Would you be able to see things like Rabbi Akiva or the other Sages?
- How do you imagine the story continuing after this scene?
- In retrospect, was Rabbi Akiva foolish for maintaining hope?
Rabbi Jonathan Sacks, Celebrating Life, pg 175
Optimism is the belief that things are going to get better. Hope is the belief that we can make things better. Optimism is a passive virtue, hope is an active one. It takes no courage to be an optimist, but it does need courage to hope
- Do you agree with R. Sacks’ distinction between optimism and hope?
- When is a time you have experienced optimism in your life that was not hope?
- Does ‘hope’ or ‘optimism’ best describe your current experience in your philanthropic journey? Or neither?
- What place do each of these have in the world of philanthropy?
TIKVAH IN CONTEMPORARY TEXTS
Natan Sharansky, Fear No Evil, pages 370-371
During these years I have met people who have been weakened from constant disappointments. They continually create new hopes for themselves, and as a result they betray themselves. Others live in the world of illusions, hastily and incessantly building and rebuilding their world in order to prevent real life from ultimately destroying it. What, then, is the solution? The only answer is to find the meaning of your current life. It’s best if you are left with only one hope – the hope of remaining yourself no matter what happens. Don’t fear, don’t believe, and don’t hope. Don’t believe words from the outside; believe in your own heart. Believe in that meaning which was revealed to you in this life, and hope that you will succeed in guarding it.
The Power of One, Bryce Courtenay, (quote below said by character Morris Levy)
There are two important rules of business; knowing when to get in, and when to get out. Of the two, knowing when to get out is the more important.”
- What are some examples of things in the world that you feel one should always be hopeful about?
- What are some things that you feel it is time to give up on and move on from?
- What kind of strength do each of these actions require?
- What are the ramifications of this discussion on your philanthropy work?