For an introduction into some texts from the Bible and Rabbinic Literature, here is a selection.
It is better to go to a mourning-house, than to go to a drinking-house; for that is the end of all people, and the living will lay it to his heart.
Bread is made for laughter, and wine gladdens life; and money answers everything.
And wine makes human hearts glad, making the face brighter than oil, and bread satiates the human heart.
Give beer to the hapless,
and wine to those in bitter distress.
לָרְשָׁעִים, הֲנָאָה לָהֶן וַהֲנָאָה לָעוֹלָם,
וְלַצַּדִּיקִים, רַע לָהֶן וְרַע לָעוֹלָם.
Wine and sleep:
for the wicked, they are a benefit to them and a benefit for the world;
and for the righteous, they are bad for them and bad for the world.
אמר רבי אילעאי:
בשלשה דברים אדם ניכר - בכוסו ובכיסו ובכעסו
ואמרי ליה אף בשחקו
Rabbi Ila’ai said:
“With three things can a person be recognized: with his cup, with his pocket, and with his anger.”
And some say, “Even with his laughter.”