Mishnah, Pirkei Avot 5:17
משנה מסכת אבות ה:יז
כל מחלוקת שהיא לשם שמים סופה להתקיים ושאינה לשם שמים אין סופה להתקיים
A debate for the sake of heaven will endure; but a debate not for the sake of heaven will not endure. [Translation by Hillel and Panim]

Suggested Discussion Questions:

1. What kind of debate might be considered to be “for the sake of heaven?”

2. What can it mean for an argument to endure and be good? How can an argument that endures contribute to peace?

3. Under what circumstance is it helpful to have the various sides of a position continue to hold onto their positions?

Time Period: Rabbinic (Maccabees through the Talmud)