Babylonian Talmud, Chagiga 2a, 3b
1 א
:תלמוד בבלי חגיגה ב. , ג
2 ב
"משנה (ב.) הכל חייבין בראייה חוץ מחרש שוטה וקטן גמרא (ג:) תנו רבנן: איזהו שוטה? היוצא יחידי בלילה, והלן בבית הקברות, והמקרע את כסותו."
"Mishna (2a) All are obligated with the Re'iyah [sacrifice] except for the deaf, the mentally unsound, and children. Gemara (3b) The Rabbis taught: Who is mentally unsound? One who goes out at night, sleeps in graveyards and tears his clothing." [Translation by Rabbi Steve Greenberg]
3 ג

Suggested Discussion Questions:

Why is the mentally unsound person exempted?

Is this similar to the principle of duress?

What does the Gemara understand a mentally unsound person to be?

Can a homosexual be seen as mentally unsound?

What would be the implications of calling homosexuals mentally unsound?

4 ד
Time Period: Rabbinic (Maccabees through the Talmud)