Rambam, Mishneh Torah, Laws of Gifts to the Poor 7:1
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רמבם, מתנות עניים ז:א
מצות עשה ליתן צדקה לעניים כפי מה שראוי לעני, אם היתה יד הנותן משגת, שנאמר פתוח תפתח את ידך לו ונאמר והחזקת בו גר ותושב וחי עמך ונאמר וחי אחיך עמך.
It is a positive commandment to give charity to the poor, as is appropriate to the poor person, providing the giver can afford it, as it says, “You shall open your hand to the poor,” and “You shall strengthen the stranger who dwells with you,” and “Your fellow shall live with you.” [AJWS translation]
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Suggested Discussion Questions:

1. What do the poor, stranger, and fellow all have in common?

2. What does it mean to give "as is appropriate to the poor person?"

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Time Period: Medieval (Geonim through the 16th Century)