Rambam, Book of Mitzvot, Negative Commandment 297
1 א
רמבם, ספר מצוות, מצוות לא תעשה רצז
והמצוה הרצ"ז היא שהזהירנו מהתרשל בהצלת נפש אחד מישראל כשנראהו בסכנת המות או ההפסד ויהיה לנו יכולת להצילו.
The 297th commandment is that we cannot be passive in saving the life of one who is in danger of dying or being lost if we are in a position to save him or her. [AJWS translation]
3 ג

Suggested Discussion Questions:

1. When is one in a position to save a human life? When is one not?

2. To what extent are we meant to interpret this law?

3. In our contemporary context, human life is lost daily. How can we follow this law without losing our own lives?

4 ד
Time Period: Medieval (Geonim through the 16th Century)