Tosefta, Peah 1:2-3
2 ב
הלכה ב על אילו דברים נפרעין מן אדם בעולם הזה והקרן קיימת לעולם הבא על ע"ז ועל גלוי עריות ועל שפיכות דמים ועל לשון הרע כנגד כולם זכות יש לה קרן ויש לה פירות שנ' אמרו צדיק כי טוב כי פרי וגו' הלכה ג עבירה יש לה קרן ואין לה פירות שנ' אוי לרשע רע אם כן מה אני מקיים ויאכלו מפרי דרכם וגו' עבירה שעושה פירות יש לה פירות שאין עושה פירות אין לה פירות
Law 2: These are the things for which the interest is collected from someone in this world and the principal remains for the world to come: idol worship, sexual prohibitions, and the shedding of blood; and gossip is equal to them all. A meritorious deed has principal and has interest as it says in the Torah: (Isaiah 3:10) "Hail the just person for it is good for them, for they shall eat the fruits of their works etc". Law 3: For a transgression there is capital but there is not interest as it says in the Torah (Isaiah 3:11) "Woe to the wicked one, it is bad for them; as their hands have dealt so it shall be done for them". If so how do I make sense of the verse "They will eat the fruit of their ways, etc." (Proverbs 1:31). For a transgression that yields results there is interest, for one that doesn't yield results there is not interest. [Edited for gender neutrality]
3 ג

Suggested Discussion Questions:

1. What does the Tosefta mean by a principal and interest for sins? What is the principal, and what is the interest?

2. How are idol worship, sexual prohibitions, and the shedding of blood different from all other transgressions?

4 ד
Time Period: Rabbinic (Maccabees through the Talmud)