Babylonian Talmud, Eruvin 100b
1א
תלמוד בבלי ,עירובין ק עמוד ב
2ב
אמר רבי יוחנן: אילמלא לא ניתנה תורה היינו למידין צניעות מחתול, וגזל מנמלה, ועריות מיונה
Rabbi Yochanan said: Had the Torah not been given, we would have learned modesty from the cat, [aversion to] theft from the ant, chastity from the dove, and [conjugal] manners from fowl.[Translated by David Strauss]
3ג

Suggested Discussion Questions:

1. What is Rabbi Yochanan observing about the world? Why doesn't he believe we would implicitly learn such behaviors?

2. What other behaviors can we learn from other creatures?

4ד
Time Period: Rabbinic (Maccabees through the Talmud)