Chapter 4ד׳
1 א

הֵיכָן מְנִיחִין תְּפִלִּין שֶׁל רֹאשׁ. מְנִיחִין אוֹתָן עַל הַקָּדְקֹד שֶׁהוּא סוֹף הַשֵּׂעָר שֶׁכְּנֶגֶד הַפָּנִים וְהוּא הַמָּקוֹם שֶׁמּוֹחוֹ שֶׁל תִּינוֹק רוֹפֵס בּוֹ. וְצָרִיךְ לְכַוֵּן אוֹתָם בָּאֶמְצַע כְּדֵי שֶׁיִּהְיוּ בֵּין הָעֵינַיִם. וְיִהְיֶה הַקֶּשֶׁר בְּגֹבַהּ הָעֹרֶף שֶׁהוּא סוֹף הַגֻּלְגּלֶת:

Where is the phylactery of the head placed? It is placed on that part of the crown of the head, where the hair adjacent to the forehead ends, and this is the place where an infant's brain pulsates (the fontanelle). The phylactery needs to be adjusted so that it lies in the centre of the forehead, in a line with the point between the eyes. The knot should be at the top of the back of the neck, which is the end of the skull.

2 ב

וְשֶׁל יָד קוֹשֵׁר אוֹתָהּ עַל שְׂמֹאלוֹ עַל הַקִּבֹּרֶת וְהוּא הַבָּשָׂר הַתּוֹפֵחַ שֶׁבַּמַּרְפֵּק שֶׁבֵּין פֶּרֶק הַכָּתֵף וּבֵין פֶּרֶק הַזְּרוֹעַ שֶׁנִּמְצָא כְּשֶׁהוּא מְדַבֵּק מַרְפֵּקוֹ לִצְלָעָיו תִּהְיֶה תְּפִלָּה כְּנֶגֶד לִבּוֹ וְנִמְצָא מְקַיֵּם (דברים ו ו) ״וְהָיוּ הַדְּבָרִים הָאֵלֶּה״ (דברים ו ו) ״עַל לְבָבֶךָ״:

The phylactery of the hand is bound on the left arm over the biceps muscle which is the flesh that stands out on the upper arm that is intermediate between the shoulder-blade and forearm, so that when the upper arm is held close to the ribs, the phylactery will be opposite the heart and thus the precept will be fulfilled, "And these words … shall be upon thine heart" (Deuteronomy 6:6).

3 ג

הַמֵּנִיחַ תְּפִלָּה שֶׁל יָד עַל פַּס יָדוֹ אוֹ שֶׁל רֹאשׁ עַל מִצְחוֹ הֲרֵי זֶה דֶּרֶךְ צְדוֹקִים. הָעוֹשֶׂה תְּפִלָּתוֹ עֲגֻלָּה כֶּאֱגוֹז אֵין בָּהּ מִצְוָה כְּלָל. אִטֵּר מֵנִיחַ תְּפִלִּין בִּימִינוֹ שֶׁהוּא שְׂמֹאל שֶׁלּוֹ. וְאִם הָיָה שׁוֹלֵט בִּשְׁתֵּי יָדָיו מֵנִיחַ אוֹתָהּ בִּשְׂמֹאלוֹ שֶׁהוּא שְׂמֹאל כָּל אָדָם. וּמְקוֹם קְשִׁירַת הַתְּפִלִּין וּמְקוֹם הֲנָחָתָן מִפִּי הַשְּׁמוּעָה לְמָדוּם:

To lay the phylactery of the hand on the palm or that of the head on the forehead is the practice of the Sadducees. He who makes the phylactery round like a nut is not fulfilling the precept in any way. A left-handed person lays the phylactery on his right arm, used by him as his left. If one is ambidextrous, he lays it on his left arm, which is the same as the left arm of any other person. The places where the phylacteries are respectively bound and laid are known by tradition.

4 ד

תְּפִלָּה שֶׁל רֹאשׁ אֵינָהּ מְעַכֶּבֶת שֶׁל יָד וְשֶׁל יָד אֵינָהּ מְעַכֶּבֶת שֶׁל רֹאשׁ מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהֵן שְׁתֵּי מִצְוֹת זוֹ לְעַצְמָהּ וְזוֹ לְעַצְמָהּ. וְכֵיצַד מְבָרְכִין. עַל שֶׁל רֹאשׁ מְבָרֵךְ אֲשֶׁר קִדְּשָׁנוּ בְּמִצְוֹתָיו וְצִוָּנוּ עַל מִצְוַת תְּפִלִּין. וְעַל שֶׁל יָד מְבָרֵךְ אֲשֶׁר קִדְּשָׁנוּ בְּמִצְוֹתָיו וְצִוָּנוּ לְהָנִיחַ תְּפִלִּין:

The lack of a phylactery for the head does not preclude one from putting on that of the hand, nor does the lack of a phylactery of the hand preclude one from putting on that for the head. Each is a duty separate and independent. What blessings are recited? For the phylactery of the head, the formula is as follows: "Who hath sanctified us with His commandments and given us a command concerning the precept of phylacteries". For that of the hand, the form is as follows: "Who hath sanctified us with His commandments and commanded us to lay the phylacteries".

5 ה

בַּמֶּה דְּבָרִים אֲמוּרִים כְּשֶׁהֵנִיחַ אַחַת מֵהֶן אֲבָל אִם הֵנִיחַ שְׁתֵּיהֶן מְבָרֵךְ בְּרָכָה אַחַת וְהִיא לְהָנִיחַ תְּפִלִּין. וְקוֹשֵׁר שֶׁל יָד וְאַחַר כָּךְ מֵנִיחַ שֶׁל רֹאשׁ. וּכְשֶׁהוּא חוֹלֵץ חוֹלֵץ שֶׁל רֹאשׁ וְאַחַר כָּךְ חוֹלֵץ שֶׁל יָד:

This rule applies to the case where a person puts on one phylactery only. But when one lays both phylacteries, he recites one blessing, namely, the form, "And hast commanded us to lay the phylacteries", binds the phylactery on his arm, and then puts on that for the head. When they are removed, that on the head is removed first, and afterwards that on the arm.

6 ו

מִי שֶׁבֵּרֵךְ לְהָנִיחַ תְּפִלִּין וְקָשַׁר תְּפִלִּין שֶׁל יָד אָסוּר לוֹ לְסַפֵּר וַאֲפִלּוּ לְהָשִׁיב שָׁלוֹם לְרַבּוֹ עַד שֶׁיָּנִיחַ שֶׁל רֹאשׁ. וְאִם שָׂח הֲרֵי זוֹ עֲבֵרָה וְצָרִיךְ לְבָרֵךְ בְּרָכָה שְׁנִיָּה עַל מִצְוַת תְּפִלִּין וְאַחַר כָּךְ מֵנִיחַ שֶׁל רֹאשׁ:

When a person has recited the blessing, "Who hast commanded us to lay phylacteries", and bound the phylactery on his arm, he is forbidden to converse, even to the extent of acknowledging his master's greeting, till he has put on the phylactery of the head. If he conversed he has committed a transgression; and when putting on the phylactery for the head, he must recite another blessing, viz: the form, "Who hast given us a command concerning the precept of the phylacteries", and then he puts on the phylactery for the head.

7 ז

תְּפִלִּין כָּל זְמַן שֶׁמְּנִיחָן מְבָרֵךְ עֲלֵיהֶן וַאֲפִלּוּ חוֹלֵץ וְלוֹבֵשׁ כַּמָּה פְּעָמִים בְּיוֹם. וְכָל הַמִּצְוֹת כֻּלָּן מְבָרֵךְ עֲלֵיהֶם קֹדֶם לַעֲשִׂיָּתָן. לְפִיכָךְ צָרִיךְ לְבָרֵךְ עַל הַתְּפִלָּה שֶׁל יָד אַחַר הֲנָחָה עַל הַקִּבֹּרֶת קֹדֶם קְשִׁירָתָן. שֶׁקְּשִׁירָתָן זוֹ הִיא עֲשִׂיָּתָן:

On each occasion when one puts on phylacteries, the blessing is recited, even if they are removed and put on again several times in the day. It is a universal rule with regard to religious precepts that the appropriate blessings are recited prior to their performance. Hence too, the blessing for the phylactery of the hand has to be recited after it is placed on the biceps muscle before the thong is tightened, for the fastening constitutes the fulfillment of the precept.

8 ח

כְּשֶׁחוֹלֵץ אָדָם תְּפִלָּיו לְהַצְנִיעָן בִּכְלִי לֹא יַנִּיחַ שֶׁל יָד מִלְּמַטָּה וְשֶׁל רֹאשׁ מִלְּמַעְלָה מִפְּנֵי שֶׁבְּשָׁעָה שֶׁהוּא רוֹצֶה לְלָבְשָׁן יִפְגַּע בְּשֶׁל רֹאשׁ תְּחִלָּה וְנִמְצָא שֶׁמַּנִּיחָהּ וּמוֹצִיא שֶׁל יָד לְפִי שֶׁאֵין לוֹבְשִׁין שֶׁל רֹאשׁ קֹדֶם שֶׁל יָד. וְאָסוּר לָאָדָם לְהַנִּיחַ מִצְוָה וְלַעֲבֹר מִמֶּנָּה לְמִצְוָה אַחֶרֶת אֶלָּא מִצְוָה שֶׁתָּבוֹא לְיָדוֹ שֶׁל אָדָם בַּתְּחִלָּה בָּהּ הוּא מִתְעַסֵּק. לְפִיכָךְ צָרִיךְ לְהַנִּיחַ שֶׁל יָד לְמַעְלָה כְּדֵי שֶׁיִּפְגַּע בָּהּ תְּחִלָּה וְיִלְבַּשׁ עַל הַסֵּדֶר:

When a person removes his phylacteries, and puts them in a bag, he should not place the phylactery of the hand beneath and that for the head above it, because when he will again have occasion to put them on, he will come into contact with the phylactery of the head first, will thus be under the necessity of putting it down and take out the phylactery of the hand, the former not being put on before the latter. It is forbidden to leave a precept and pass on to the fulfillment of another religious duty, the rule being that the duty that first presents itself should first engage our attention. Hence, the phylactery for the hand should be placed above so that one may come into contact with it first, and the phylacteries be put on in the right order.

9 ט

כְּלִי שֶׁהֱכִינוֹ לְהַנִּיחַ בּוֹ תְּפִלִּין וְהִנִּיחָם בּוֹ נִתְקַדֵּשׁ וְאָסוּר לְהִשְׁתַּמֵּשׁ בּוֹ בְּדִבְרֵי חֹל. הֱכִינוֹ וְלֹא הִנִּיחַ בּוֹ אוֹ שֶׁהִנִּיחַ בּוֹ עַרְאַי וְלֹא הֱכִינוֹ לֹא נִתְקַדֵּשׁ וַהֲרֵי הוּא חֹל כְּמוֹ שֶׁהָיָה. וְאָסוּר לִתְלוֹת אֶת הַתְּפִלִּין בֵּין בָּרְצוּעָה בֵּין בַּתְּפִלָּה עַצְמָהּ אֲבָל תּוֹלֶה הוּא אֶת הַכִּיס שֶׁהַתְּפִלִּין מֻנָּחִין בּוֹ:

A bag expressly intended to contain phylacteries and into which these have been placed, becomes consecrated and may not be put to secular use. If the bag was intended for this express purpose of containing phylacteries but had never contained them, or if phylacteries had been casually placed in a bag not set aside for that use, it does not become sacred, and continues to be a secular object as it had been hitherto. Phylacteries may not be suspended by their thong or by the part which contains the scriptural section. But the bag containing the phylacteries may be suspended.

10 י

זְמַן הֲנָחַת הַתְּפִלִּין בַּיּוֹם וְלֹא בַּלַּיְלָה שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (שמות יג י) ״מִיָּמִים יָמִימָה״. (שמות יג י) ״חֻקָּה״ זוֹ הִיא מִצְוַת תְּפִלִּין. וְכֵן שַׁבָּתוֹת וְיָמִים טוֹבִים אֵינָן זְמַן תְּפִלִּין שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (שמות יג טז) ״וְהָיָה לְאוֹת״ וְשַׁבָּתוֹת וְיָמִים טוֹבִים הֵן עַצְמָן אוֹת. וּמֵאֵימָתַי זְמַן הֲנָחָתָן מִשֶּׁיִּרְאֶה אֶת חֲבֵרוֹ בְּרִחוּק אַרְבַּע אַמּוֹת וְיַכִּירֵהוּ, עַד שֶׁתִּשְׁקַע הַחַמָּה:

The proper time for putting on phylacteries is when it is day and not when it is night, for it is said, "Day by day"**Usually rendered, “from year to year”, referring to observance of the feast of Passover. (Exodus 13:10). "The ordinance" mentioned in this verse refers to the precept of phylacteries. So it is said, "And it shall be for a sign", while Sabbaths and festivals are them-also, Sabbaths and festivals are not seasons for putting on phylacteries, for selves a sign. When is the proper time in the day to put on phylacteries? At the hour when a person can see his neighbour at a distance of four cubits and recognize him. The period extends till sunset.

11 יא

מִי שֶׁהֵנִיחַ תְּפִלִּין קֹדֶם שֶׁתִּשְׁקַע הַחַמָּה וְחָשְׁכָה עָלָיו אֲפִלּוּ הֵן עָלָיו כָּל הַלַּיְלָה מֻתָּר. וְאֵין מוֹרִין דָּבָר זֶה לָרַבִּים אֶלָּא מְלַמְּדִין אֶת הַכּל שֶׁלֹּא יָנִיחוּ תְּפִלִּין עֲלֵיהֶן בַּלַּיְלָה אֶלָּא יַחְלְצוּ אוֹתָן מִשֶּׁתִּשְׁקַע הַחַמָּה. וְכָל הַמֵּנִיחַ תְּפִלִּין לְכַתְּחִלָּה אַחַר שֶׁתִּשְׁקַע הַחַמָּה עוֹבֵר בְּלָאו שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (שמות יג י) ״וְשָׁמַרְתָּ אֶת הַחֻקָּה הַזֹּאת״ וְגוֹ׳‎ (שמות יג י) ״מִיָּמִים יָמִימָה״:

A person who put on phylacteries before sunset, is permitted when it becomes dusk, to continue to wear them, even throughout the night. The multitude however is not to be so taught. Everyone should be instructed not to wear phylacteries at night, but to remove them at sunset. Whoever deliberately puts on phylacteries after sunset, violates a prohibition, for it is said, "And thou shalt keep this ordinance in its season, day by day" (Exodus 13:10).

12 יב

הָיָה בָּא בַּדֶּרֶךְ וּתְפִלִּין בְּרֹאשׁוֹ וְשָׁקְעָה עָלָיו הַחַמָּה וְקָדַשׁ הַיּוֹם מַנִּיחַ יָדוֹ עֲלֵיהֶן עַד שֶׁהוּא מַגִּיעַ לְבֵיתוֹ וְחוֹלֵץ. הָיָה יוֹשֵׁב בְּבֵית הַמִּדְרָשׁ וּתְפִלִּין בְּרֹאשׁוֹ וְקָדַשׁ עָלָיו הַיּוֹם מַנִּיחַ יָדוֹ עֲלֵיהֶן עַד שֶׁמַּגִּיעַ לְבֵיתוֹ וְחוֹלֵץ. וְאִם יֵשׁ בַּיִת סָמוּךְ לַחוֹמָה שֶׁמִּשְׁתַּמְּרִין בּוֹ מַנִּיחָן שָׁם. וְאִם לֹא חָלַץ תְּפִלָּיו מִשֶּׁשָּׁקְעָה הַחַמָּה מִפְּנֵי שֶׁלֹּא הָיָה לוֹ מָקוֹם לְשָׁמְרָן וְנִמְצָאוּ עָלָיו כְּדֵי לְשָׁמְרָן מֻתָּר:

If the sun sets while a man with the phylacteries on his head was on the road, he places his hand upon the phylactery till he reaches home when he removes the phylactery. If Sabbath or a festival arrived while he was sitting in the house of study, with the phylactery on his head, he places his hand upon it till he reaches home when he removes the phylactery. If there is a house near the City Wall,*the house of study was outside the town. where the phylacteries could be safely left, he should leave them there. If he did not remove them after sunset, because he had no place where they would be safe, and he kept them on for the sake of security, his conduct is lawful.

13 יג

כָּל הַפָּטוּר מִקְּרִיאַת שְׁמַע פָּטוּר מִתְּפִלִּין. קָטָן שֶׁיּוֹדֵעַ לִשְׁמֹר תְּפִלָּיו אָבִיו לוֹקֵחַ לוֹ תְּפִלִּין כְּדֵי לְחַנְּכוֹ בְּמִצְוֹת. חוֹלֵי מֵעַיִם וְכָל מִי שֶׁלֹּא יָכוֹל לִשְׁמֹר אֶת נְקָבָיו אֶלָּא בְּצַעַר פָּטוּר מִן הַתְּפִלִּין. וְכָל הַטְּמֵאִים כֻּלָּן חַיָּבִין בִּתְפִלִּין כִּטְהוֹרִים. מִצְטַעֵר וּמִי שֶׁאֵין דַּעְתּוֹ מְיֻשֶּׁבֶת וּנְכוֹנָה עָלָיו פָּטוּר מִן הַתְּפִלִּין שֶׁהַמֵּנִיחַ תְּפִלִּין אָסוּר לוֹ לְהַסִּיחַ דַּעְתּוֹ מֵהֶן. כֹּהֲנִים בִּשְׁעַת הָעֲבוֹדָה וְהַלְוִיִּם בְּשָׁעָה שֶׁאוֹמְרִים הַשִּׁיר עַל הַדּוּכָן וְיִשְׂרָאֵל בְּשָׁעָה שֶׁעוֹמְדִים בַּמִּקְדָּשׁ פְּטוּרִין מִן הַתְּפִלָּה וּמִן הַתְּפִלִּין:

One who is exempt from reading the Shema is exempt from putting on phylacteries. If a child less than thirteen years of age knows how to take care of his phylacteries, his father purchases a set for him, so as to train him in the practice of religious precepts. Those who suffer intestinal troubles or have difficulty in controlling their sphincters are exempt from the obligation of putting on phylacteries. All who are ritually unclean are under the same obligation of putting on phylacteries as those who are ritually clean. One, who is in pain or whose mind is not calm and composed is exempt from the duty of putting on phylacteries; for the wearer must not allow his consciousness of them to wander. Priests while engaged in the temple service, Levites during the recital of hymns in their appointed places, Israelites while they are in the Sanctuary, are exempt from the duties of reciting the prayers and putting on phylacteries.

14 יד

חַיָּב אָדָם לְמַשְׁמֵשׁ בִּתְפִלָּיו כָּל זְמַן שֶׁהֵם עָלָיו שֶׁלֹּא יַסִּיחַ דַּעְתּוֹ מֵהֶם אֲפִלּוּ רֶגַע אֶחָד. שֶׁקְּדֻשָּׁתָן גְּדוֹלָה מִקְּדֻשַּׁת הַצִּיץ. שֶׁהַצִּיץ אֵין בּוֹ אֶלָּא שֵׁם אֶחָד וְאֵלּוּ יֵשׁ בָּהֶם אֶחָד וְעֶשְׂרִים שֵׁם שֶׁל יוּ״ד הֵ״א בְּשֶׁל רֹאשׁ וּכְמוֹתָן בְּשֶׁל יָד:

As long as one is wearing phylacteries, he should frequently touch them with his fingers, so as not to lose consciousness of them for a single moment. For their degree of sanctity is higher than that of the golden plate which the High Priest wore on his forehead. On the latter, the name of God was engraved once only, while the phylactery for the head contains the tetragrammaton twenty-one times, and the phylactery for the arm, an equal number of times.

15 טו

תְּפִלִּין צְרִיכִין גּוּף נָקִי שֶׁיִּזָּהֵר שֶׁלֹּא תֵּצֵא מִמֶּנּוּ רוּחַ מִלְּמַטָּה כָּל זְמַן שֶׁהֵם עָלָיו. לְפִיכָךְ אָסוּר לִישָׁן בָּהֶם לֹא שְׁנַת קֶבַע וְלֹא שְׁנַת עַרְאַי אֶלָּא אִם הִנִּיחַ עֲלֵיהֶן סוּדָר וְלֹא הָיְתָה עִמּוֹ אִשָּׁה יָשֵׁן בָּהֶם שְׁנַת עַרְאַי. וכֵּיצַד הוּא עוֹשֶׂה. מַנִּיחַ רֹאשׁוֹ בֵּין בִּרְכָּיו וְהוּא יוֹשֵׁב וְיָשֵׁן:

A requisite in wearing phylacteries is physical cleanliness. One should take care that no flatus escapes him while he has them on. Hence, he may not, while wearing them, indulge in regular sleep or even doze. But if they are covered with a cloth, he may doze, even while wearing them. How so? He places his head between his knees and dozes in a sitting posture. If his phylacteries were folded and held in his hand, the holder may even sleep in the regular way.

16 טז

הָיוּ תְּפִלָּיו כְּרוּכִין בְּיָדוֹ מֻתָּר לִישֹׁן בָּהֶם אֲפִלּוּ שְׁנַת קֶבַע. וְאֵינוֹ אוֹכֵל בָּהֶם אֶלָּא אֲכִילַת עַרְאַי. אֲבָל אִם נִכְנַס לִסְעֻדַּת קֶבַע חוֹלְצָן וּמַנִּיחָן עַל שֻׁלְחָנוֹ עַד שֶׁיִּטּל יָדָיו וְאַחַר כָּךְ יְנִיחֵם וִיבָרֵךְ עַל מְזוֹנוֹ וְהוּא לָבוּשׁ בָּהֶן:

No meal, unless it be of a casual character, may be eaten, while one wears phylacteries (without previous preparation). Before proceeding to a regular meal, he removes them, places them on the table, washes his hands, puts them on again, recites the blessing for food while he has them on.

17 יז

הָיָה לָבוּשׁ תְּפִלִּין וְהֻצְרַךְ לְבֵית הַכִּסֵּא לֹא יַנִּיחַ הַתְּפִלִּין בַּחוֹרִין הַסְּמוּכִין לִרְשׁוּת הָרַבִּים וְיִכָּנֵס שֶׁמָּא יִטְּלוּם עוֹבְרֵי דְּרָכִים. כֵּיצַד יַעֲשֶׂה. אֲפִלּוּ הֻצְרַךְ לְהַשְׁתִּין מַיִם חוֹלֵץ תְּפִלָּיו בְּרִחוּק אַרְבַּע אַמּוֹת וְגוֹלְלָן בְּבִגְדוֹ כְּמִין סֵפֶר תּוֹרָה וְאוֹחֲזָן בִּימִינוֹ כְּנֶגֶד לִבּוֹ. וְיִזָּהֵר כְּדֵי שֶׁלֹּא תְּהֵא רְצוּעָה יוֹצֵאת מִתַּחַת יָדוֹ טֶפַח. וְנִכְנָס וְעוֹשֶׂה צְרָכָיו. וּכְשֶׁיֵּצֵא מַרְחִיק אַרְבַּע אַמּוֹת מִבֵּית הַכִּסֵּא וְלוֹבְשָׁן:

If one feels a call of nature while wearing phylacteries, he is not to deposit them, before entering the lavatory, in the crevices that open towards the public thoroughfare, lest passers-by may take them. How should he act? Even if he needs to relieve the bladder while he is at a distance of four cubits from the lavatory, he should remove the phylacteries, roll them up in his garment, as a scroll is rolled up, grasp them in his right hand opposite his heart, taking care that not a thong projects outside his hand as much as a hand breadth; then he enters, relieves himself, and, after having left, goes away to a distance of four cubits from the lavatory, and puts on his phylacteries.

18 יח

בַּמֶּה דְּבָרִים אֲמוּרִים בְּבֵית הַכִּסֵּא הַקָּבוּעַ שֶׁאֵין נִיצוֹצוֹת נִתָּזוֹת עָלָיו. אֲבָל בֵּית הַכִּסֵּא עַרְאַי לֹא יִכָּנֵס בָּהֶן כְּשֶׁהֵם גְּלוּלִים אֶלָּא חוֹלֵץ אוֹתָן וְנוֹתְנָן לַחֲבֵרוֹ לְשָׁמְרָן. וְאֵין מֵי רַגְלַיִם כָּלִין אֲפִלּוּ בְּבֵית הַכִּסֵּא קָבוּעַ אֶלָּא בִּישִׁיבָה. וְאִם הָיָה עָפָר תָּחוּחַ אֲפִלּוּ בַּעֲמִידָה. הָיָה בְּמָקוֹם קָשֶׁה יַעֲמֹד בִּמְקוֹם מִדְרוֹן כְּדֵי שֶׁלֹּא יִנָּתְזוּ נִיצוֹצוֹת עָלָיו:

This rule only applies to the case of a permanent lavatory. But one may not enter an extemporized lavatory with phylacteries even rolled up. They should be removed and given to another person for safe keeping.

19 יט

הָיָה לָבוּשׁ בִּתְפִלִּין וְהֻצְרַךְ לְבֵית הַכִּסֵּא לְעֵת עֶרֶב וְלֹא נִשְׁאַר מִן הַיּוֹם כְּדֵי לְלָבְשָׁן אַחַר שֶׁיֵּצֵא לֹא יִכָּנֵס בָּהֶם גְּלוּלִים בְּבִגְדוֹ וַאֲפִלּוּ לְהַשְׁתִּין מַיִם בְּבֵית הַכִּסֵּא קָבוּעַ. אֶלָּא כֵּיצַד יַעֲשֶׂה. חוֹלְצָן וּמַנִּיחָן בְּכֶלְיָן אִם הָיָה בּוֹ טֶפַח אוֹ בִּכְלִי שֶׁאֵינוֹ כֶּלְיָן אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁאֵין בּוֹ טֶפַח וְאוֹחֵז הַכְּלִי בְּיָדוֹ וְנִכְנָס. וְכֵן אִם הֻצְרַךְ בַּלַּיְלָה מַנִּיחָן בִּכְלִי וְאוֹחֵז הַכְּלִי בְּיָדוֹ וְנִכְנָס:

If one wearing phylacteries needed to go to the lavatory at eventide when there would be no more time to put them on again, he should not enter with the phylacteries rolled up in his garment, even to relieve his bladder, if the lavatory is a permanent one. How should he act? He should remove the phylacteries, place them in their bag which must be at least a hand breadth long, or even in a smaller bag provided it is not specially assigned as a receptable for phylacteries. This he keeps in his hand and enters. Thus, too, at night time, if he needs to visit the lavatory, he may put the phylacteries in a bag which he keeps in his hand when entering.

20 כ

שָׁכַח וְנִכְנַס לְבֵית הַכִּסֵּא וְהוּא לָבוּשׁ תְּפִלִּין מֵנִיחַ יָדוֹ עֲלֵיהֶן עַד שֶׁיִּגְמֹר עַמּוּד רִאשׁוֹן וְיוֹצֵא וְחוֹלֵץ. אַחַר כָּךְ נִכְנָס וְעוֹשֶׂה צְרָכָיו. שֶׁאִם יַפְסִיק בְּעַמּוּד רִאשׁוֹן בֵּין בִּגְדוֹלִים בֵּין בִּקְטַנִּים יָבוֹא לִידֵי חֳלָאִים שֶׁיֵּשׁ בָּהֶן סַכָּנָה גְּדוֹלָה:

Translation omitted.

21 כא

שָׁכַח וְשִׁמֵּשׁ מִטָּתוֹ בִּתְפִלִּין הֲרֵי זֶה לֹא יֹאחַז לֹא בָּרְצוּעָה וְלֹא בַּקְּצִיצָה עַד שֶׁיִּטּל יָדָיו וְיִטְּלֵם מִפְּנֵי שֶׁהַיָּדַיִם עַסְקָנִיּוֹת:

Translation omitted.

22 כב

הַנִּכְנָס לְבֵית הַמֶּרְחָץ מָקוֹם שֶׁבְּנֵי אָדָם עוֹמְדִין לְבוּשִׁין מֻתָּר לְהָנִיחַ תְּפִלִּין. וּמָקוֹם שֶׁבְּנֵי אָדָם עוֹמְדִין שָׁם מִקְצָתָן עֲרוּמִים וּמִקְצָתָן לְבוּשִׁין אֵינוֹ חוֹלֵץ תְּפִלָּיו וְאֵינוֹ מֵנִיחַ שָׁם תְּפִלִּין לְכַתְּחִלָּה. וּמָקוֹם שֶׁבְּנֵי אָדָם עוֹמְדִים עֲרוּמִים חוֹלֵץ תְּפִלָּיו וְאֵין צָרִיךְ לוֹמַר שֶׁאֵינוֹ מֵנִיחַ:

One is permitted to put on phylacteries in that portion of a bathhouse where all are attired. In that portion where some are in their attire while others are nude, the phylacteries which one wears need not be removed, but they may not be put on. Where all are nude, the phylacteries must be removed, and needless to add, they may not be put on.

23 כג

לֹא יְהַלֵּךְ אָדָם בְּבֵית הַקְּבָרוֹת וּתְפִלִּין בְּרֹאשׁוֹ. וַאֲפִלּוּ בְּתוֹךְ אַרְבַּע אַמּוֹת שֶׁל מֵת אוֹ בְּתוֹךְ אַרְבַּע אַמּוֹת שֶׁל קֶבֶר צָרִיךְ לַחֲלֹץ תְּפִלָּיו עַד שֶׁיַּרְחִיק אַרְבַּע אַמּוֹת. וְלֹא יִלְבַּשׁ אָדָם תְּפִלִּין עַד שֶׁיְּכַסֶּה עֶרְוָתוֹ וְיִלְבַּשׁ בְּגָדָיו. הַנּוֹשֵׂא מַשּׂאוֹי עַל רֹאשׁוֹ חוֹלֵץ תְּפִלָּיו שֶׁל רֹאשׁ עַד שֶׁיָּסִיר הַמַּשּׂאוֹי מֵעָלָיו וַאֲפִלּוּ מִטְפַּחַת אָסוּר לְהַנִּיחַ עַל הָרֹאשׁ שֶׁיֵּשׁ בּוֹ תְּפִלִּין. אֲבָל צוֹנֵף הוּא מִצְנַפְתּוֹ עַל תְּפִלָּיו:

A person should not walk in a cemetery with phylacteries on his head. When he is within a distance of four cubits from a corpse or a grave, the phylacteries are to be removed till he has passed on to a distance outside four cubits. Phylacteries must not be put on before one is decently covered and has put on his garments. If a person is carrying a burden on his head, he must remove the phylactery from his head, and may not put it on till he has removed the burden. Even a kerchief [alone] may not be put upon the head when one is wearing phylacteries. But he puts his cap over the phylactery.

24 כד

בַּיִת שֶׁיֵּשׁ בּוֹ תְּפִלִּין אוֹ סֵפֶר תּוֹרָה אָסוּר לְשַׁמֵּשׁ בּוֹ מִטָּתוֹ עַד שֶׁיּוֹצִיאֵם אוֹ יַנִּיחֵם בִּכְלִי וְיַנִּיחַ הַכְּלִי בִּכְלִי אַחֵר שֶׁאֵינוֹ כֶּלְיָן. אֲבָל אִם הָיָה הַכְּלִי הַשֵּׁנִי מְזֻמָּן לָהֶם אֲפִלּוּ עֲשָׂרָה כֵּלִים כִּכְלִי אֶחָד הֵן חֲשׁוּבִין. וְאִם הִנִּיחָן כְּלִי בְּתוֹךְ כְּלִי מֻתָּר לְהַנִּיחָן תַּחַת מְרַאֲשֹׁתָיו בֵּין כַּר לְכֶסֶת שֶׁלֹּא כְּנֶגֶד רֹאשׁוֹ כְּדֵי לְשָׁמְרָן וַאֲפִלּוּ אִשְׁתּוֹ עִמּוֹ בַּמִּטָּה:

In a room where there are phylacteries or a scroll of the Law, marital intercourse may not take place, till these have been taken out, or placed in a receptacle which itself is enclosed in another receptacle not assigned to the use of phylacteries or a scroll of the Law. If the latter receptacle has been so assigned, and even if there be ten such receptacles, they are all regarded as one receptacle. If he placed the sacred articles in two receptacles, one within the other, they may be put for security under his pillow between the bolster and the coverlid—not however exactly beneath his head. This may be done even if his wife shares his couch.

25 כה

קְדֻשַּׁת תְּפִלִּין קְדֻשָּׁתָן גְּדוֹלָה הִיא. שֶׁכָּל זְמַן שֶׁהַתְּפִלִּין בְּרֹאשׁוֹ שֶׁל אָדָם וְעַל זְרוֹעוֹ הוּא עָנָו וִירֵא שָׁמַיִם וְאֵינוֹ נִמְשָׁךְ בִּשְׂחוֹק וּבְשִׂיחָה בְּטֵלָה וְאֵינוֹ מְהַרְהֵר מַחֲשָׁבוֹת רָעוֹת אֶלָּא מְפַנֶּה לִבּוֹ בְּדִבְרֵי הָאֱמֶת וְהַצֶּדֶק. לְפִיכָךְ צָרִיךְ אָדָם לְהִשְׁתַּדֵּל לִהְיוֹתָן עָלָיו כָּל הַיּוֹם שֶׁמִּצְוָתָן כָּךְ הִיא. אָמְרוּ עָלָיו עַל רַב תַּלְמִידוֹ שֶׁל רַבֵּנוּ הַקָּדוֹשׁ שֶׁכָּל יָמָיו לֹא רָאוּהוּ שֶׁהָלַךְ אַרְבַּע אַמּוֹת בְּלֹא תּוֹרָה אוֹ בְּלֹא צִיצִית אוֹ בְּלֹא תְּפִלִּין:

The sanctity of phylacteries is a high degree of sanctity. As long as phylacteries are on a man's head and arm, he is humble and God-fearing, is not drawn into frivolity and idle talk, does not dwell on evil thoughts but occupies his mind with thoughts of truth and righteousness. A man should therefore endeavour to wear phylacteries the whole day, this being the right way of fulfilling the precept. It is said of Rav, the disciple of our Sainted Teacher (R. Judah, the Prince), that throughout his life no one saw him, without Torah, Tzitzis (fringes on his garments) or phylacteries.

26 כו

אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁמִּצְוָתָן לְלָבְשָׁן כָּל הַיּוֹם, בִּשְׁעַת תְּפִלָּה יוֹתֵר מִן הַכּל. אָמְרוּ חֲכָמִים כָּל הַקּוֹרֵא קְרִיאַת שְׁמַע בְּלֹא תְּפִלִּין כְּאִלּוּ מֵעִיד עֵדוּת שֶׁקֶר בְּעַצְמוֹ. וְכָל שֶׁאֵינוֹ מֵנִיחַ תְּפִלִּין עוֹבֵר בִּשְׁמוֹנָה עֲשֵׂה שֶׁהֲרֵי בְּאַרְבַּע פָּרָשִׁיּוֹת צִוָּה עַל תְּפִלִּין שֶׁל רֹאשׁ וְעַל תְּפִלִּין שֶׁל יָד. וְכָל הָרָגִיל בִּתְפִלִּין מַאֲרִיךְ יָמִים שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (ישעיהו לח טז) ״ה׳‎ עֲלֵיהֶם יִחְיוּ״:

Although the proper mode of fulfilling the precept is to wear phylacteries the whole day, it is especially a duty to do so during the recital of prayers. The sages say, "Whoever reads the Shema without wearing phylacteries is regarded as testifying falsely in his own person.*He recites the Commandment to wear Tephillin and does not fulfill it. Whoever does not wear phylacteries at all violates eight affirmative precepts, since in each of the four sections, the command is set forth to lay phylacteries on the head and on the arm. Whoever wears phylacteries regularly will be blessed with longevity, as it is said, 'The Lord is upon them: they shall live'" (Isaiah 38:16).