Chapter 10י׳
1 א

בְרָכוֹת אֲחֵרוֹת וּדְבָרים אֲחֵרִים הַרְבֵּה שֶׁאֵין בָּהֶן פְּתִיחָה וְלֹא חֲתִימָה תִּקְּנוּ חֲכָמִים דֶּרֶךְ שֶׁבַח וְהוֹדָיָה לְהַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא. כְּמוֹ בִּרְכוֹת הַתְּפִלָּה שֶׁכְּבָר כְּתַבְנוּם. וְאֵלּוּ הֵן. הַבּוֹנֶה בַּיִת חָדָשׁ וְהַקּוֹנֶה כֵּלִים חֳדָשִׁים בֵּין יֵשׁ לוֹ כַּיּוֹצֵא בָּהֶן בֵּין אֵין לוֹ מְבָרֵךְ בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יְיָ׳‎ אֱלֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם שֶׁהֶחֱיָנוּ וְקִיְּמָנוּ וְהִגִּיעָנוּ לַזְּמַן הַזֶּה:

Other blessings and many other utterances without [the formal] introduction or conclusion have been ordained by the sages by way of praise and thanks, offered to the Holy God, blessed be He, in the same way as they ordained the blessings in the liturgy previously set forth. These are as follows: When a person has erected a new house or bought new things, whether he already possesses similar things or not, he says "Blessed art thou, O Lord our God, King of the Universe, who hast kept us in life and hast preserved us and enabled us to reach this season."

2 ב

וְכֵן הָרוֹאֶה אֶת חֲבֵרוֹ לְאַחַר שְׁלֹשִׁים יוֹם מְבָרֵךְ שֶׁהֶחֱיָנוּ. וְאִם רָאָהוּ לְאַחַר שְׁנֵים עָשָׂר חֹדֶשׁ מְבָרֵךְ בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יְיָ׳‎ מְחַיֵּה הַמֵּתִים. הָרוֹאֶה פְּרִי הַמִּתְחַדֵּשׁ מִשָּׁנָה לְשָׁנָה בִּתְחִלַּת רְאִיָּתוֹ מְבָרֵךְ שֶׁהֶחֱיָנוּ:

The same blessing is said when one sees an associate after thirty days. If however twelve months have elapsed since he was last seen, one says "Blessed art Thou, O Lord, Who quickenest the dead." The first time in the season that one sees*according to the Ashkenazi practice, when eating it for the first time in the season. a fruit that is renewed every year, the blessing is said "Who hast kept us in life, etc."

3 ג

שָׁמַע שְׁמוּעָה טוֹבָה מְבָרֵךְ בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יְיָ׳‎ אֱלֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם הַטּוֹב וְהַמֵּטִיב. שָׁמַע שְׁמוּעָה רָעָה מְבָרֵךְ בָּרוּךְ דַּיַּן הָאֱמֶת. וְחַיָּב אָדָם לְבָרֵךְ עַל הָרָעָה בְּטוּב נֶפֶשׁ כְּדֶרֶךְ שֶׁמְּבָרֵךְ עַל הַטּוֹבָה בְּשִׂמְחָה שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (דברים ו ה) ״וְאָהַבְתָּ אֵת יְיָ׳‎ אֱלֹהֶיךָ״ וְגוֹ׳‎ (דברים ו ה) ״וּבְכָל מְאֹדֶךָ״. וּבִכְלַל אַהֲבָה הַיְתֵרָה שֶׁנִּצְטַוֵּינוּ בָּהּ שֶׁאֲפִלּוּ בְּעֵת שֶׁיָּצֵר לוֹ יוֹדֶה וִישַׁבֵּחַ בְּשִׂמְחָה:

On hearing good news, one says, "Blessed art thou, O Lord our God, King of the Universe, Who art good, and doest good." On hearing evil tidings, one says, "Blessed be the true judge." A person has to bless God with good will, for ill fortune, just as he has to bless Him with joy for good fortune, as it is said "And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thine heart, with all thy soul and with all thy might." (Deuteronomy 6:5). In the abounding love of God enjoined upon us, it is implied that even in distress, one should thank and praise Him with joy.

4 ד

הִגִּיעָה אֵלָיו טוֹבָה אוֹ שֶׁשָּׁמַע שְׁמוּעָה טוֹבָה אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁהַדְּבָרִים מַרְאִין שֶׁטּוֹבָה זוֹ תִּגְרֹם לוֹ רָעָה מְבָרֵךְ הַטּוֹב וְהַמֵּטִיב. וְכֵן אִם נָגְעָה אֵלָיו רָעָה אוֹ שָׁמַע שְׁמוּעָה רָעָה אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁהַדְּבָרִים מַרְאִים שֶׁרָעָה זוֹ גּוֹרֶמֶת לוֹ טוֹבָה מְבָרֵךְ דַּיַּן הָאֱמֶת. שֶׁאֵין מְבָרְכִין עַל הֶעָתִיד לִהְיוֹת אֶלָּא עַל מַה שֶּׁאֵרַע עַתָּה:

When one has experienced good fortune or heard good news, even if the indications are that the good fortune will be followed by evil consequences, he says the blessing "Who art good and doest good." So too, if one suffers a misfortune or has heard evil tidings, even if the circumstances indicate that the results will be advantageous, he says "Blessed be the true Judge"; since the blessings we say have reference not to future events, but to what has just happened.

5 ה

יָרְדוּ גְּשָׁמִים רַבִּים. אִם יֵשׁ לוֹ שָׂדֶה מְבָרֵךְ שֶׁהֶחֱיָנוּ. וְאִם הָיְתָה שֶׁלּוֹ וְשֶׁל אֲחֵרִים מְבָרֵךְ הַטּוֹב וְהַמֵּטִיב. וְאִם אֵין לוֹ שָׂדֶה מְבָרֵךְ מוֹדִים אֲנַחְנוּ לָךְ יְיָ׳‎ אֱלֹהֵינוּ עַל כָּל טִפָּה וְטִפָּה שֶׁהוֹרַדְתָּ לָנוּ וְאִלּוּ פִינוּ מָלֵא כוּ׳‎ עַד הֵן הֵם יוֹדוּ וִישַׁבְּחוּ וִיבָרְכוּ אֶת שִׁמְךָ מַלְכֵּנוּ בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יְיָ׳‎ אֵל רֹב הַהוֹדָאוֹת וְהַתִּשְׁבָּחוֹת:

When heavy rains fall, the owner of a field repeats the blessing "Who hast preserved us in life." If one is part owner with others, he recites the blessing "Who art good and doest good." One who does not own a field says "We thank Thee, O Lord, our God, for every drop which Thou hast caused to fall for us. And even if our mouths were full of song as the sea,*See the Nishmath introductory to Morning Service on Sabbaths and Festivals. and our tongues of exultations as the multitude of its waves, and our lips of praise as the wide extended firmament; and though our eyes shone with light like the sun and the moon, and our hands were spread forth like the eagles of heaven, and our feet were swift as hinds, we should be unable to thank Thee, O Lord our God, and to bless Thy name, O our King, for one minute portion of the billions and trillions of bounties that Thou hast bestowed upon us and upon our fathers in former times. From Egypt Thou hast redeemed us, O Lord our God; from the house of bondage, Thou hast delivered us. During famine Thou hast fed us and didst sustain us in plenty; from the sword Thou didst save us, and from pestilence Thou didst cause us to escape, and from sore and lasting diseases Thou didst draw us forth, O our King. Up till now, Thy tender mercies have helped us, and Thy loving-kindnesses have not forsaken us. Therefore the limbs which Thou hast spread forth in us, and the spirit and soul which Thou hast breathed into our nostrils and the tongue which Thou hast placed in our mouths, 10, they shall thank and bless Thy name, O Lord our God, Blessed art Thou, O Lord, to Whom is due abounding thanksgiving, God ever to be praised.

6 ו

מֵאֵימָתַי מְבָרְכִין עַל הַגְּשָׁמִים מִשֶּׁיִּרְבֶּה הַמַּיִם עַל הָאָרֶץ וְיַעֲלוּ אֲבַעְבּוּעוֹת מִן הַמָּטָר עַל פְּנֵי הַמַּיִם וְיֵלְכוּ הָאֲבַעְבּוּעוֹת זֶה לִקְרַאת זֶה:

When is the blessing for rain said? From the time when the water swells upon the ground and the continuing rain causes bubbles to form on the surface of the water, and these join together.

7 ז

אָמְרוּ לוֹ מֵת אָבִיו וִירָשָׁהוּ. אִם יֵשׁ עִמּוֹ אַחִין מְבָרֵךְ בַּתְּחִלָּה דַּיַּן הָאֱמֶת וְאַחַר כָּךְ הַטּוֹב וְהַמֵּטִיב. וְאִם אֵין עִמּוֹ אַחִים מְבָרֵךְ שֶׁהֶחֱיָנוּ. קְצָרוֹ שֶׁל דָּבָר כָּל דְּבַר טוֹבָה שֶׁהִיא לוֹ וְלַאֲחֵרִים מְבָרֵךְ הַטּוֹב וְהַמֵּטִיב. וְטוֹבָה שֶׁהִיא לוֹ לְבַדּוֹ מְבָרֵךְ שֶׁהֶחֱיָנוּ:

A person is told that his father died and he is heir. If he has brothers, he first says the blessing which concludes with the phrase "Judge of Truth", and then the blessing, the formula of which is "Who is good and doeth good." If he has no brothers, he says the blessing "Who hast preserved us in life etc." In short, one who shares a benefit with others, says the blessing "Who is good and doeth good." When he is the sole beneficiary, he recites the blessing "Who hast preserved us in life."

8 ח

אַרְבָּעָה צְרִיכִין לְהוֹדוֹת. חוֹלֶה שֶׁנִּתְרַפֵּא. וְחָבוּשׁ שֶׁיָּצָא מִבֵּית הָאֲסוּרִים. וְיוֹרְדֵי הַיָּם כְּשֶׁעָלוּ. וְהוֹלְכֵי דְּרָכִים כְּשֶׁיַּגִּיעוּ לַיִּשּׁוּב. וּצְרִיכִין לְהוֹדוֹת בִּפְנֵי עֲשָׂרָה וּשְׁנַיִם מֵהֶם חֲכָמִים שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (תהילים קז לב) ״וִירֹמְמוּהוּ בִּקְהַל עָם וּבְמוֹשַׁב זְקֵנִים יְהַלְלוּהוּ״. וְכֵיצַד מוֹדֶה וְכֵיצַד מְבָרֵךְ. עוֹמֵד בֵּינֵיהֶן וּמְבָרֵךְ. בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יְיָ׳‎ אֱלֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם הַגּוֹמֵל לְחַיָּבִים טוֹבוֹת שֶׁגְּמָלַנִי כָּל טוֹב. וְכָל הַשּׁוֹמְעִין אוֹמְרִים שֶׁגְּמָלְךָ טוֹב הוּא יִגְמָלְךָ סֶלָה:

Four categories of individuals are required to offer thanksgiving: A person who had been sick and has recovered, a prisoner who has been released from prison, voyagers when they have landed, and travellers in the desert when they reach settled territory. The thanksgiving is to be offered in the presence of ten persons, of whom two, at least, must be scholars; as it is said "Let them exalt Him in the assembly of the people and praise Him in the seat of the elders" (Ps. 107:32). How is this thanksgiving offered, and what is the form of the blessing? The individual (who has occasion for gratitude) rises in the assembly and says the following blessing: "Blessed art Thou, O Lord our God, King of the Universe, who vouchsafest benefits unto the undeserving, who hast also vouchsafed good unto me. All the hearers present say: "He who hath vouchsafed good unto thee, may He vouchsafe good unto thee forever."

9 ט

הָרוֹאֶה מָקוֹם שֶׁנַּעֲשׂוּ נִסִּים לְיִשְׂרָאֵל כְּגוֹן יַם סוּף וּמַעְבְּרוֹת הַיַּרְדֵּן אוֹמֵר בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יְיָ׳‎ אֱלֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם שֶׁעָשָׂה נִסִּים לַאֲבוֹתֵינוּ בַּמָּקוֹם הַזֶּה. וְכֵן כָּל מָקוֹם שֶׁנַּעֲשׂוּ בּוֹ נִסִּים לָרַבִּים. אֲבָל מָקוֹם שֶׁנַּעֲשָׂה בּוֹ נֵס לַיָּחִיד אוֹתוֹ הַיָּחִיד וּבְנוֹ וּבֶן בְּנוֹ מְבָרֵךְ בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יְיָ׳‎ אֱלֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם שֶׁעָשָׂה לִי נֵס בַּמָּקוֹם הַזֶּה אוֹ שֶׁעָשָׂה נֵס לַאֲבוֹתַי בַּמָּקוֹם הַזֶּה. הָרוֹאֶה גֹּב אֲרָיוֹת וְכִבְשַׁן הָאֵשׁ שֶׁהֻשְׁלַךְ בּוֹ חֲנַנְיָה מִישָׁאֵל וַעֲזַרְיָה מְבָרֵךְ בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יְיָ׳‎ אֱלֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם שֶׁעָשָׂה נֵס לַצַּדִּיקִים בַּמָּקוֹם הַזֶּה. הָרוֹאֶה מָקוֹם שֶׁעוֹבְדִין בּוֹ עַכּוּ״ם מְבָרֵךְ בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יְיָ׳‎ אֱלֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם שֶׁנָּתַן אֶרֶךְ אַפַּיִם לְעוֹבְרֵי רְצוֹנוֹ. מָקוֹם שֶׁנֶּעֶקְרָה מִמֶּנּוּ עַכּוּ״ם אִם בְּאֶרֶץ יִשְׂרָאֵל הוּא מְבָרֵךְ שֶׁעָקַר עַכּוּ״ם מֵאַרְצֵנוּ. וְאִם בְּחוּץ לָאָרֶץ הוּא מְבָרֵךְ שֶׁעָקַר עַכּוּ״ם מִמָּקוֹם הַזֶּה. וְאוֹמֵר בִּשְׁתֵּיהֶן כְּשֵׁם שֶׁעָקַרְתָּ מִמָּקוֹם זֶה כָּךְ תַּעֲקֹר מִכָּל מְקוֹמוֹת וְתָשִׁיב לֵב עוֹבְדֵיהֶם לְעָבְדְךָ:

On seeing a place where miracles had been wrought for Israel, such as the Red Sea or the fords of the Jordan, which the Israelites crossed with Joshua, one says "Blessed art Thou, O Lord our God, King of the Universe, Who wroughtest miracles for our fathers in this place." This blessing is also said in any place where miracles had been vouchsafed to a multitude. But where a miracle had been vouchsafed to an individual, he, his son, and his grandson,*his remotest descendant. also say the blessing "Blessed art Thou, O Lord our God, King of the Universe, Who wroughtest miracles for me in this place" or "Who wroughtest miracles for my fathers in this place." When viewing the lion's den (into which Daniel was cast) or the fiery furnace (into which Chananiah, Mishael and Azariah were thrust), the blessing is recited "Blessed art Thou, O Lord our God, King of the Universe, Who wroughtest miracles for the righteous at this place." When seeing a place where idols are worshipped, the blessing is said, "Blessed art Thou, O Lord, our God, King of the Universe,*This introductory formula is put in the Hebrew manuscript in abbreviated form—only the first letters of each word being given. The equivalent in English would be B for blessed, T for art Thou, L for O Lord, etc. who hast been long suffering with those who transgress Thy will." When seeing a place from which idolatry has been eradicated, if it is in the Holy Land, the blessing is said "Who hast uprooted idolatry from our land"; if it is outside Palestine, "Who hast uprooted idolatry from this place." To both blessings, the petition is added "Even as Thou hast uprooted idolatry from this place, so do Thou uproot it from all places and turn the heart of idol worshippers to serve Thee.

10 י

הָרוֹאֶה בָּתֵּי יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּיִשּׁוּבָן מְבָרֵךְ בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יְיָ׳‎ אֱלֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם מַצִּיב גְּבוּל אַלְמָנָה. בְּחֻרְבָּנָן אוֹמֵר בָּרוּךְ דַּיַּן הָאֱמֶת. הָרוֹאֶה קִבְרֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל מְבָרֵךְ בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יְיָ׳‎ אֱלֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם אֲשֶׁר יָצַר אֶתְכֶם בַּדִּין וְדָן אֶתְכֶם בַּדִּין וְכִלְכֵּל אֶתְכֶם בְּדִין וְהֵמִית אֶתְכֶם בַּדִּין וְהוּא עָתִיד לְהָקִים אֶתְכֶם בַּדִּין לְחַיֵּי הָעוֹלָם הַבָּא בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יְיָ׳‎ מְחַיֵּה הַמֵּתִים:

If one sees fine houses of Israelites (that are inhabited),*According to Alfasi, Synagogues in the Holy Land. he says, "Blessed art Thou, O Lord our God, King of the Universe who settest up the border stone of the widow." If they are in ruins, he says, "Blessed be the true judge." On seeing the graves of Israelites, one says, "Blessed art Thou, O Lord our God, King of the Universe, who formed you in judgment, and quickened you in judgment, sustained you in judgment and nourished you in judgment and will hereafter raise you up in judgment, to life in the world to come, Blessed art Thou O Lord, who quickenest the dead."

11 יא

הָרוֹאֶה שֵׁשׁ מֵאוֹת אֶלֶף אָדָם כְּאֶחָד. אִם עַכּוּ״ם הֵם אוֹמֵר (ירמיה נ יב) ״בּוֹשָׁה אִמְּכֶם מְאֹד חָפְרָה יוֹלַדְתְּכֶם הִנֵּה אַחֲרִית גּוֹיִם מִדְבָּר צִיָּה וַעֲרָבָה״. וְאִם יִשְׂרָאֵל הֵם וּבְאֶרֶץ יִשְׂרָאֵל אוֹמֵר בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יְיָ׳‎ אֱלֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם חֲכַם הָרָזִים. הָרוֹאֶה מֵחַכְמֵי אֻמּוֹת הָעוֹלָם אוֹמֵר בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יְיָ׳‎ אֱלֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם שֶׁנָּתַן מֵחָכְמָתוֹ לְבָשָׂר וָדָם. חַכְמֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל מְבָרֵךְ שֶׁנָּתַן מֵחָכְמָתוֹ לִירֵאָיו. מַלְכֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אוֹמֵר שֶׁנָּתַן מִכְּבוֹדוֹ וּמִגְּבוּרָתוֹ לִירֵאָיו. מַלְכֵי אֻמּוֹת הָעוֹלָם מְבָרֵךְ שֶׁנָּתַן מִכְּבוֹדוֹ לְבָשָׂר וָדָם:

If one sees at one time six hundred thousand persons, who are heathens, he says "Your mother shall be sore ashamed, she that bore you shall be confounded; behold, the latter end of the nations shall be a wilderness, a dry land and a desert." (Jerem. 50:12) Should they be Israelites, and he sees them in the land of Israel, he says, "Blessed art Thou, O Lord our God, King of the Universe, wise in secrets." When seeing a gentile sage, one says, "Blessed art Thou, O Lord our God, King of the Universe Who hast imparted of Thy wisdom to flesh and blood." If the sage is an Israelite, he says "Who hast imparted of Thy wisdom unto them that fear Thee." When seeing Israelite kings, one says "Who hast given of Thy glory and might to them that fear Thee." If they are gentile kings, he says "Who hast given of Thy glory to flesh and blood."

12 יב

הָרוֹאֶה אֶת הַכּוּשִׁי וְאֶת הַמְשֻׁנִּין בְּצוּרַת פְּנֵיהֶן אוֹ בְּאֵיבְרֵיהֶם מְבָרֵךְ בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יְיָ׳‎ אֱלֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם מְשַׁנֶּה אֶת הַבְּרִיּוֹת. הָרוֹאֶה סוּמָא אוֹ קִטֵּעַ וּמֻכֶּה שְׁחִין וּבוֹהֲקָנִין וְכַיּוֹצֵא בָּהֶן מְבָרֵךְ בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יְיָ׳‎ אֱלֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם דַּיַּן הָאֱמֶת. וְאִם נוֹלְדוּ כֵּן מִמְּעֵי אִמָּן מְבָרֵךְ מְשַׁנֶּה אֶת הַבְּרִיּוֹת. הָרוֹאֶה אֶת הַפִּיל וְאֶת הַקּוֹף וְאֶת הַקִּיפוֹף אוֹמֵר בָּרוּךְ מְשַׁנֶּה אֶת הַבְּרִיּוֹת:

On seeing a negro, or anyone unusual in facial appearance or conformation of his limbs, one says, "Blessed art Thou, O Lord our God, King of the Universe, Who variest the forms of creatures." On seeing a blind person, a cripple, or one afflicted with boils or tetters, etc. the blessing said is "Blessed art Thou, O Lord our God, King of the Universe, the true Judge." If the affliction is congenital, the blessing is "Who variest the forms of creatures." On seeing an elephant, an ape or an owl one says, "Blessed be He Who varieth the forms of creatures."

13 יג

הָרוֹאֶה בְּרִיּוֹת נָאוֹת וּמְתֻקָּנוֹת בְּיוֹתֵר וְאִילָנוֹת טוֹבוֹת מְבָרֵךְ שֶׁכָּכָה לוֹ בְּעוֹלָמוֹ. הַיּוֹצֵא לַשָּׂדוֹת אוֹ לַגִּנּוֹת בְּיוֹמֵי נִיסָן וְרָאָה אִילָנוֹת פּוֹרְחוֹת וְנִצָּנִים עוֹלִים מְבָרֵךְ בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יְיָ׳‎ אֱלֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם שֶׁלֹּא חִסַּר בְּעוֹלָמוֹ כְּלוּם וּבָרָא בּוֹ בְּרִיּוֹת טוֹבוֹת וְאִילָנוֹת טוֹבוֹת וְנָאוֹת כְּדֵי לֵהָנוֹת בָּהֶן בְּנֵי אָדָם:

On seeing creatures that are beautiful or exceptionally well formed or goodly trees, one says "Blessed art Thou, O Lord our God, King of the Universe Who hast such as these in the world." If one goes out into the fields or gardens during Nisan (i.e. in the Spring) and sees the trees in bud and the flowers in bloom, he says, "Blessed art Thou, O Lord our God, King of the Universe, Who hast made Thy world lacking in nought, and hast produced therein goodly creatures and good and beautiful trees wherewith to delight the children of men".

14 יד

עַל הָרוּחוֹת שֶׁנָּשְׁבוּ בְּזַעַף וְעַל הַבְּרָקִים וְעַל הָרְעָמִים וְעַל קוֹל הַהֲבָרָה שֶׁתִּשָּׁמַע בָּאָרֶץ כְּמוֹ רֵיחַיִם גְּדוֹלִים וְעַל הָאוּר שֶׁבַּאֲוִיר שֶׁיֵּרָאוּ כְּאִלּוּ הֵם כּוֹכָבִים נוֹפְלִים וְרָצִים מִמָּקוֹם לְמָקוֹם אוֹ כְּמוֹ כּוֹכָבִים שֶׁיֵּשׁ לָהֶם זָנָב עַל כָּל אֶחָד מֵאֵלּוּ מְבָרֵךְ בָּרוּךְ שֶׁכֹּחוֹ וּגְבוּרָתוֹ מָלֵא עוֹלָם. וְאִם רָצָה מְבָרֵךְ עוֹשֶׂה בְּרֵאשִׁית:

For fierce gales, lightning, thunder, terrestrial rumblings that sound like the grinding of huge mills, or for an atmospheric light that has the appearance of shooting stars, swiftly moving from place to place, or of comets;—the witness of any of these phenomena says the blessing. "Blessed art Thou O Lord our God, King of the Universe, Whose strength and might fill the world", or "Who hast made the Creation".

15 טו

עַל הֶהָרִים וְעַל הַגְּבָעוֹת עַל הַיַּמִּים וְעַל הַמִּדְבָּרוֹת וְעַל הַנְּהָרוֹת אִם רָאָה אַחַת מֵהֶן מִשְּׁלֹשִׁים יוֹם לִשְׁלֹשִׁים יוֹם מְבָרֵךְ עוֹשֶׂה בְּרֵאשִׁית. הָרוֹאֶה אֶת הַיָּם הַגָּדוֹל מִשְּׁלֹשִׁים יוֹם לִשְׁלֹשִׁים יוֹם אוֹ יוֹתֵר מְבָרֵךְ בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יְיָ׳‎ אֱלֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם שֶׁעָשָׂה אֶת הַיָּם הַגָּדוֹל:

For mountains and hills, seas, deserts or rivers, if one sees any of these at intervals of thirty days, he says the blessing "Who hast made the Creation." On seeing the Ocean at intervals of thirty days or more, one says "Who hast made the Great Sea."

16 טז

הָרוֹאֶה קֶשֶׁת בֶּעָנָן מְבָרֵךְ בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יְיָ׳‎ אֱלֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם זוֹכֵר הַבְּרִית וְנֶאֱמָן בִּבְרִיתוֹ וְקַיָּם בְּמַאֲמָרוֹ. הָרוֹאֶה לְבָנָה בְּחִדּוּשָׁהּ מְבָרֵךְ בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יְיָ׳‎ אֱלֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם אֲשֶׁר בְּמַאֲמָרוֹ בָּרָא שְׁחָקִים וּבְרוּחַ פִּיו כָּל צְבָאָם חֹק וּזְמַן נָתַן לָהֶם שֶׁלֹּא יְשַׁנּוּ אֶת תַּפְקִידָם שָׂשִׂים וּשְׂמֵחִים לַעֲשׂוֹת רְצוֹן קוֹנֵיהֶם פּוֹעֲלֵי אֱמֶת וּפְעֻלָּתָם צֶדֶק וְלַלְּבָנָה אָמַר שֶׁתִּתְחַדֵּשׁ עֲטָרָה תִּפְאֶרֶת לַעֲמוּסֵי בָטֶן שֶׁהֵם עֲתִידִין לְהִתְחַדֵּשׁ כְּמוֹתָהּ וּלְפָאֵר לְיוֹצְרָם עַל כְּבוֹד מַלְכוּתוֹ וְעַל כָּל מַה שֶּׁבָּרָא בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יְיָ׳‎ מְחַדֵּשׁ הֶחֳדָשִׁים:

At sight of a rainbow, one says the blessing "Blessed art Thou, O Lord our God, King of the Universe, Who rememberest the Covenant, art faithful to Thy Covenant and keepest Thy promise." At sight of the new moon, one says, "Blessed art Thou, O Lord our God, King of the Universe, by Whose word the heavens were created, and by the breath of Whose mouth all their hosts. A statute and season Thou didst assign unto them, that they should not change their appointed charge. They are glad and rejoice to do the will of their Master—faithful workers whose work is faithful. And the moon He bade renew herself as a crown of glory unto those that have been upborne by Him from the womb, who, in the time to come, will themselves be renewed like her, to honor their Creator for His glorious sovereignty's sake and for all that He has created. Blessed art Thou, O Lord, Who renewest the months."

17 יז

וְצָרִיךְ לְבָרֵךְ בְּרָכָה זוֹ מְעֻמָּד. שֶׁכָּל הַמְבָרֵךְ עַל הַחֹדֶשׁ בִּזְמַנּוֹ כְּאִלּוּ הִקְבִּיל פְּנֵי הַשְּׁכִינָה. אִם לֹא בֵּרֵךְ עָלֶיהָ בַּלַּיִל הָרִאשׁוֹן מְבָרֵךְ עָלֶיהָ עַד שִׁשָּׁה עָשָׂר יוֹם בַּחֹדֶשׁ עַד שֶׁתִּמָּלֵא פְּגִימָתָהּ:

This blessing is said standing; For everyone who says the blessing for the new moon at the appointed time is regarded as if he had received the Divine Presence. If one has not said the blessing the first night, (of the new moon) he may do so up to the sixteenth of the month, when it is full moon.

18 יח

הָרוֹאֶה אֶת הַחַמָּה בְּיוֹם תְּקוּפַת נִיסָן שֶׁל תְּחִלַּת הַמַּחֲזוֹר שֶׁל שְׁמוֹנֶה וְעֶשְׂרִים שָׁנָה שֶׁהַתְּקוּפָה בִּתְחִלַּת לֵיל רְבִיעִי כְּשֶׁרוֹאֶה אוֹתָהּ בְּיוֹם רְבִיעִי בַּבֹּקֶר מְבָרֵךְ בָּרוּךְ עוֹשֶׂה בְּרֵאשִׁית. וְכֵן כְּשֶׁתַּחֲזֹר הַלְּבָנָה לִתְחִלַּת מַזַּל טָלֶה בִּתְחִלַּת הַחֹדֶשׁ וְלֹא תִּהְיֶה נוֹטָה לֹא לְצָפוֹן וְלֹא לְדָרוֹם. וְכֵן כְּשֶׁיַּחֲזֹר כָּל כּוֹכָב וְכוֹכָב מֵחֲמֵשֶׁת הַכּוֹכָבִים הַנִּשְׁאָרִים לִתְחִלַּת מַזַּל טָלֶה וְלֹא יִהְיֶה נוֹטֶה לֹא לְצָפוֹן וְלֹא לְדָרוֹם. וְכֵן בְּכָל עֵת שֶׁיִּרְאֶה מַזַּל טָלֶה עוֹלֶה מִקְּצֵה הַמִּזְרָח עַל כָּל אֶחָד מֵאֵלּוּ מְבָרֵךְ עוֹשֶׂה בְּרֵאשִׁית:

When one sees the Sun at the vernal equinox, at the beginning of the twenty-eight years' cycle, in the morning of the fourth day of the week, the exact time of the equinox being at the beginning of the evening of the fourth day of the week, he says the blessing, "Blessed art Thou … Who hast made the Creation." So also, when the moon enters the zodiacal constellation of Aries (the Ram) at the beginning of the month and does not deflect its course, neither to the north nor to the south; so too when any of the remaining five planets (Jupiter, Mars, Saturn, Venus, Mercury) enters the constellation of Aries (the Ram) at the beginning of the month and does not deflect its course either to the north or the south; or when one sees the constellation of the Ram rise from the extreme East of the horizon, he says "Blessed art Thou … Who hast made the Creation."

19 יט

הָרוֹאֶה בָּתֵּי עַכּוּ״ם בְּיִשּׁוּבָן אוֹמֵר (משלי טו כה) ״בֵּית גֵּאִים יִסַּח יְיָ׳‎״. בְּחֻרְבָּנָן אוֹמֵר (תהילים צד א) ״אֵל נְקָמוֹת יְיָ׳‎ אֵל נְקָמוֹת הוֹפִיעַ״. רָאָה קִבְרֵי עַכּוּ״ם אוֹמֵר (ירמיה נ יב) ״בּוֹשָׁה אִמְּכֶם מְאֹד״ וְגוֹ׳‎:

At the sight of houses of idolators in good condition,*That are inhabited. one says, "The Lord will pluck up the house of the proud." (Prov. 15:25) If these are in ruins, he says, "O God of Vengeance, Lord, O God of vengeance, shine forth" (Ps. 94:1). On seeing graves of idolaters, one says, "Your mother shall be ashamed etc." (Jerem. 50:12)

20 כ

הַנִּכְנָס לַמֶּרְחָץ אוֹמֵר יְהִי רָצוֹן מִלְּפָנֶיךָ יְיָ׳‎ אֱלֹהַי שֶׁתַּכְנִיסֵנִי לְשָׁלוֹם וְתוֹצִיאֵנִי לְשָׁלוֹם וְתַצִּילֵנִי מִזֶּה וּמִכַּיּוֹצֵא בָּזֶה לֶעָתִיד לָבוֹא. וּכְשֶׁיֵּצֵא מִן הַמֶּרְחָץ אוֹמֵר מוֹדֶה אֲנִי לְפָנֶיךָ יְיָ׳‎ אֱלֹהַי שֶׁהִצַּלְתַּנִי מִן הָאוּר וְכוּ׳‎:

When about to enter a bath house, one says, "May it be Thy will, O Lord, My God, to cause me to enter in peace and come forth in peace and deliver me from peril in the present and also in the future. And when he leaves the bath-house, he says: I give thanks to Thee, O Lord my God, that Thou hast saved me from the (excessive) heat.

21 כא

הַנִּכְנָס לְהַקִּיז דָּם אוֹמֵר יְהִי רָצוֹן מִלְּפָנֶיךָ יְיָ׳‎ אֱלֹהַי שֶׁיְּהֵא עֵסֶק זֶה לִי לִרְפוּאָה כִּי רוֹפֵא חִנָּם אָתָּה. וּכְשֶׁיֵּצֵא אוֹמֵר בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יְיָ׳‎ רוֹפֵא חוֹלִים:

Before the operation of blood letting, the patient says "May it be Thy will, O Lord, my God, that this may conduce to my health, for Thou healest of Thy free grace." After the treatment is over, he says "Blessed art Thou, O Lord, who healest the sick."

22 כב

הַהוֹלֵךְ לָמֹד גָּרְנוֹ אוֹמֵר יְהִי רָצוֹן מִלְּפָנֶיךָ יְיָ׳‎ אֱלֹהַי שֶׁתִּשְׁלַח בְּרָכָה בְּמַעֲשֵׂה יָדַי. הִתְחִיל לָמֹד אוֹמֵר בָּרוּךְ הַשּׁוֹלֵחַ בְּרָכָה בִּכְרִי זֶה. מָדַד וְאַחַר כָּךְ בִּקֵּשׁ רַחֲמִים הֲרֵי זוֹ תְּפִלַּת שָׁוְא. וְכָל הַצּוֹעֵק לְשֶׁעָבַר הֲרֵי זוֹ תְּפִלַּת שָׁוְא:

When one proceeds to measure grain on his threshing-floor, he says "May it be Thy will, O Lord my God, to send a blessing on the work of my hands." After he has begun to measure, he says "Blessed be He Who sendeth a blessing on this quantity of grain. If he first measures and then offers up a petition,—this is a vain prayer; and generally supplication with reference to what is past is a vain prayer.

23 כג

הַנִּכְנָס לְבֵית הַמִּדְרָשׁ אוֹמֵר יְהִי רָצוֹן מִלְּפָנֶיךָ יְיָ׳‎ אֱלֹהַי שֶׁלֹּא אֶכָּשֵׁל בִּדְבַר הֲלָכָה שֶׁלֹּא אֹמַר עַל טָהוֹר טָמֵא וְעַל טָמֵא טָהוֹר וְלֹא עַל מֻתָּר אָסוּר וְלֹא עַל אָסוּר מֻתָּר וְלֹא אֶכָּשֵׁל בִּדְבַר הֲלָכָה וְיִשְׂמְחוּ בִּי חֲבֵרַי וְאַל יִכָּשְׁלוּ חֲבֵרַי וְאֶשְׂמַח בָּהֶם:

On entering the house of study, one says "May it by Thy will, O Lord my God, that I may not err in a matter of Halacha (law), that I may not say of that which is clean that it is unclean, or of that which is unclean that it is clean; or of that which is permitted that it is forbidden, or of that which is forbidden that it is permitted; so that, not erring in a Halachie matter, my colleagues may rejoice with me; and that my colleagues may not err so that I may rejoice with them."

24 כד

וּבִיצִיאָתוֹ מִבֵּית הַמִּדְרָשׁ אוֹמֵר מוֹדֶה אֲנִי לְפָנֶיךָ יְיָ׳‎ אֱלֹהַי שֶׁשַּׂמְתָּ חֶלְקִי מִיּוֹשְׁבֵי בֵּית הַמִּדְרָשׁ וְלֹא שַׂמְתָּ חֶלְקִי מִיּוֹשְׁבֵי קְרָנוֹת שֶׁאֲנִי מַשְׁכִּים וְהֵם מַשְׁכִּימִים אֲנִי מַשְׁכִּים לְדִבְרֵי תּוֹרָה וְהֵם מַשְׁכִּימִים לִדְבָרִים בְּטֵלִים אֲנִי עָמֵל וְהֵם עֲמֵלִין אֲנִי עָמֵל לְדִבְרֵי תּוֹרָה וּמְקַבֵּל שָׂכָר וְהֵם עֲמֵלִין וְאֵין מְקַבְּלִין שָׂכָר אֲנִי רָץ וְהֵם רָצִים אֲנִי רָץ לְחַיֵּי הָעוֹלָם הַבָּא וְהֵם רָצִים לִבְאֵר שַׁחַת:

On leaving the house of study, one says "I render thanks unto Thee, O Lord my God for that Thou hast appointed my portion with those who abide in the house of study and hast not appointed my portion with those who tarry at the street corners; for I rise up early and they rise up early. I rise up early to study the words of the Torah, and they rise up early to engage in vain things, I labour and they labour. I labour in the words of the Torah and receive a reward. They labour and have no reward. I hasten and they hasten. I hasten to life in the world to come and they hasten to the pit of destruction."

25 כה

הַנִּכְנָס לִכְרַךְ אוֹמֵר יְהִי רָצוֹן מִלְּפָנֶיךָ יְיָ׳‎ אֱלֹהַי שֶׁתַּכְנִיסֵנִי לִכְרַךְ זֶה לְשָׁלוֹם. וְאִם נִכְנַס בְּשָׁלוֹם אוֹמֵר מוֹדֶה אֲנִי לְפָנֶיךָ יְיָ׳‎ אֱלֹהַי שֶׁהִכְנַסְתַּנִי לְשָׁלוֹם. וּכְשֶׁיְּבַקֵּשׁ לָצֵאת אוֹמֵר יְהִי רָצוֹן מִלְּפָנֶיךָ יְיָ׳‎ אֱלֹהַי שֶׁתּוֹצִיאֵנִי מִכְּרַךְ זֶה לְשָׁלוֹם. וְאִם יָצָא בְּשָׁלוֹם אוֹמֵר מוֹדֶה אֲנִי לְפָנֶיךָ יְיָ׳‎ אֱלֹהַי שֶׁהוֹצֵאתַנִי מִכְּרַךְ זֶה לְשָׁלוֹם וּכְשֵׁם שֶׁהוֹצֵאתַנִי לְשָׁלוֹם כָּךְ תּוֹלִיכֵנִי לְשָׁלוֹם וְתַצְעִידֵנִי לְשָׁלוֹם וְתִסְמְכֵנִי לְשָׁלוֹם וְתַצִּילֵנִי מִכַּף אוֹיֵב וְאוֹרֵב בַּדֶּרֶךְ:

On entering a city, one says, "May it be Thy will, O Lord my God, to cause me to enter this city in peace." Having entered it safely, he says, "I thank Thee, O Lord my God, that Thou hast caused me to enter in peace." When about to leave, he says, "May it be Thy will, O Lord my God, to cause me to go forth from this city in peace." Having left safely, he says, "I thank Thee, O Lord my God, that Thou hast brought me forth in peace. And even as Thou hast brought me forth in peace, so lead me in peace, guide my steps in peace, sustain me in peace, and save me from the power of the enemy and from him that lurketh by the way."

26 כו

כְּלָלוֹ שֶׁל דָּבָר לְעוֹלָם יִצְעַק אָדָם עַל הֶעָתִיד לָבוֹא וִיבַקֵּשׁ רַחֲמִים וְיִתֵּן הוֹדָיָה עַל מַה שֶּׁעָבַר וְיוֹדֶה וִישַׁבֵּחַ כְּפִי כֹּחוֹ. וְכָל הַמַּרְבֶּה לְהוֹדוֹת אֶת יְיָ׳‎ וּלְשַׁבְּחוֹ תָּמִיד הֲרֵי זֶה מְשֻׁבָּח:

To sum up: One should always offer supplications in regard to the future and ask for Divine mercies, and give thanks for the past, praising God and lauding Him according to one's abilities. The more one praises and lauds God, the more praiseworthy one is.