הַמִּזְבֵּחַ מְקַדֵּשׁ אֶת הָרָאוּי לוֹ. רַבִּי יְהוֹשֻׁעַ אוֹמֵר, כָּל הָרָאוּי לָאִשִּׁים, אִם עָלָה לֹא יֵרֵד, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (ויקרא ו), הִוא הָעֹלָה עַל מוֹקְדָה עַל הַמִּזְבֵּחַ. מָה עוֹלָה שֶׁהִיא רְאוּיָה לָאִשִּׁים, אִם עָלְתָה לֹא תֵרֵד, אַף כָּל דָּבָר שֶׁהוּא רָאוּי לָאִשִּׁים, אִם עָלָה לֹא יֵרֵד. רַבָּן גַּמְלִיאֵל אוֹמֵר, כָּל הָרָאוּי לַמִּזְבֵּחַ, אִם עָלָה לֹא יֵרֵד, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר, הִוא הָעֹלָה עַל מוֹקְדָה עַל הַמִּזְבֵּחַ. מַה עוֹלָה שֶׁהִיא רְאוּיָה לַמִּזְבֵּחַ אִם עָלְתָה לֹא תֵרֵד, אַף כָּל דָּבָר שֶׁהוּא רָאוּי לַמִּזְבֵּחַ אִם עָלָה לֹא יֵרֵד. אֵין בֵּין דִּבְרֵי רַבָּן גַּמְלִיאֵל לְדִבְרֵי רַבִּי יְהוֹשֻׁעַ אֶלָּא הַדָּם וְהַנְּסָכִים, שֶׁרַבָּן גַּמְלִיאֵל אוֹמֵר לֹא יֵרְדוּ, וְרַבִּי יְהוֹשֻׁעַ אוֹמֵר יֵרֵדוּ. רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן אוֹמֵר, הַזֶּבַח כָּשֵׁר וְהַנְּסָכִים פְּסוּלִים, הַנְּסָכִים כְּשֵׁרִין וְהַזֶּבַח פָּסוּל, אֲפִלּוּ זֶה וָזֶה פְּסוּלִין, הַזֶּבַח לֹא יֵרֵד, וְהַנְּסָכִים יֵרֵדוּ:
The altar sanctifies that which is fit for it. Rabbi Yehoshua says: Anything that is fit for the fire - if it went up on the [altar], it does not come down, as it says (Leviticus 6:2) "It is the Olah [an offering that is entirely burnt] on the fire on the altar" - just as a Olah which is fit for the fire - if it went up [on the altar] it does not come down, so too anything fit for the fire - if it went up, it does not come down. Rabban Gamliel says: Anything fit for the altar - if it went up, it does not come down, as it says, "It is the Olah on the fire on the altar ." Just as the Olah which is fit for the altar - if it went up, it does not come down, so too anything which is fit for the altar - if it went up, it does not come down. The only [practical] differences between the positions of Rabban Gamliel and Rabbi Yehoshua are the blood and the [accompanying] libations, regarding which Rabban Gamliel says do not come down, but Rabbi Yehoshua says do come down. Rabbi Shimon says: [If] the sacrifice is valid but the libations are invalid, [or if] the libations are valid but the sacrifice is invalid, [or] even [if] both are invalid, the sacrifice does not come down, but the libations do come down.
וְאֵלּוּ אִם עָלוּ, לֹא יֵרְדוּ. הַלָּן, וְהַטָּמֵא, וְהַיּוֹצֵא, וְהַנִּשְׁחָט חוּץ לִזְמַנּוֹ, וְחוּץ לִמְקוֹמוֹ, וְשֶׁקִּבְּלוּ פְסוּלִים, וְזָרְקוּ אֶת דָּמוֹ. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, שֶׁנִּשְׁחֲטָה בַלַּיְלָה, וְשֶׁנִּשְׁפַּךְ דָּמָהּ, וְשֶׁיָּצָא דָמָהּ חוּץ לַקְּלָעִים, אִם עָלְתָה, תֵּרֵד. רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן אוֹמֵר, לֹא תֵרֵד, שֶׁהָיָה רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן אוֹמֵר, כֹּל שֶׁפְּסוּלוֹ בַקֹּדֶשׁ, הַקֹּדֶשׁ מְקַבְּלוֹ. לֹא הָיָה פְסוּלוֹ בַקֹּדֶשׁ, אֵין הַקֹּדֶשׁ מְקַבְּלוֹ:
The following [are items] which if went up [to the altar], do not come down. [A sacrificial item] that was left overnight [and then taken up on the altar], or was impure [and then taken up], or went out [of the Temple courtyard], or was slaughtered [with the intention of acting] outside its proper place or after its time, or if ineligible people received its blood or dashed its blood. Rabbi Yehudah says: [If] it was slaughtered at night, [or] its blood was spilled, or [if] its blood left the [confines of the] curtains [of the Tabernacle, later - walls of the Temple] - if it went up [to the altar], it comes down. Rabbi Shimon says: It does not come down, for Rabbi Shimon was wont to say: Any sacrifice that became invalid inside the Temple [precincts] - the Temple accepts it; if it did not become invalid inside the Temple [precincts, but outside them] - the Temple does not accept it.
אֵלּוּ לֹא הָיָה פְסוּלָן בַּקֹּדֶשׁ, הָרוֹבֵעַ, וְהַנִּרְבָּע, וְהַמֻּקְצֶה, וְהַנֶּעֱבָד, וְהָאֶתְנָן, וְהַמְּחִיר, וְהַכִּלְאַיִם, וְהַטְּרֵפָה, וְהַיּוֹצֵא דֹפֶן, וּבַעֲלֵי מוּמִין. רַבִּי עֲקִיבָא מַכְשִׁיר בְּבַעֲלֵי מוּמִין. רַבִּי חֲנִינָא סְגַן הַכֹּהֲנִים אוֹמֵר, דּוֹחֶה הָיָה אַבָּא אֶת בַּעֲלֵי מוּמִין מֵעַל גַּבֵּי הַמִּזְבֵּחַ:
The following are [cases where a sacrifice] did not become invalid inside the Temple [precincts but outside them]: [An animal] that had relations with a woman, or with whom a man had relations, or that was designated for idolatry, or which was worshiped, or that was used to pay a prostitute, or which was exchanged [for a dog], or which was a mixed breed, or which was a Terefah [an animal with a mortal condition such that it would die within one year], or which was born through Caesarean section, or which was blemished. Rabbi Akiva deems valid blemished offerings. Rabbi Chanina Segan HaKohanim says: My father would remove blemished offerings from the top of the altar.
כְּשֵׁם שֶׁאִם עָלוּ לֹא יֵרְדוּ, כָּךְ אִם יָרְדוּ לֹא יַעֲלוּ. וְכֻלָּן שֶׁעָלוּ חַיִּים לְרֹאשׁ הַמִּזְבֵּחַ, יֵרֵדוּ. עוֹלָה שֶׁעָלְתָה חַיָּה לְרֹאשׁ הַמִּזְבֵּחַ, תֵּרֵד. שְׁחָטָהּ בְּרֹאשׁ הַמִּזְבֵּחַ, יַפְשִׁיט וִינַתַּח בִּמְקוֹמָהּ:
Just as [items that] went up [to the altar] do not come down, so too if they came down, they do not go [back] up. And all of these [that] went up alive to the top of the altar [must] come down. An Olah that went up to the top of the altar alive must come down; [but] if it was slaughtered on top of the altar, it is skinned and dismembered in its place.
וְאֵלּוּ אִם עָלוּ יֵרְדוּ, בְּשַׂר קָדְשֵׁי קָדָשִׁים, וּבְשַׂר קָדָשִׁים קַלִּים, וּמוֹתַר הָעֹמֶר, וּשְׁתֵּי הַלֶּחֶם, וְלֶחֶם הַפָּנִים, וּשְׁיָרֵי מְנָחוֹת, וְהַקְּטֹרֶת. הַצֶּמֶר שֶׁבְּרָאשֵׁי כְבָשִׂים, וְהַשֵּׂעָר שֶׁבִּזְקַן תְּיָשִׁים, וְהָעֲצָמוֹת, וְהַגִּידִים, וְהַקַּרְנַיִם, וְהַטְּלָפַיִם, בִּזְמַן שֶׁהֵן מְחֻבָּרִין, יַעֲלוּ, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (ויקרא א), וְהִקְטִיר הַכֹּהֵן אֶת הַכֹּל הַמִּזְבֵּחָה. פָּרְשׁוּ, לֹא יַעֲלוּ, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (דברים יב), וְעָשִׂיתָ עֹלֹתֶיךָ הַבָּשָׂר וְהַדָּם:
And the following are [items] that come down [even] if they went up [to the top of the altar]: The flesh of Kodshai Kodashim [sacrifices of the highest degree of sanctity. They may be slaughtered only on the north-west corner of the altar, and consumed only within the Temple compound by male priests, or burnt entirely], and the flesh of Kodashim Kalim [sacrifices of a lesser degree of sanctity. They may be slaughtered anywhere in the Temple courtyard and consumed by most anyone, anywhere in Jerusalem], the remainder of the Omer [the special barley offering offered on the sixteenth of Nisan which permits grain harvested in the last year to be eaten], Shtei HaLechem [two leavened loaves of wheat brought as offerings on Shavuot which permitted using the new grain for holy offerings], Lechem HaPanim [twelve specially shaped unleavened loaves offered each Shabbat on the golden table in the Temple], leftover portions of meal-offerings, and the Ketoret [holy incense offered twice a day on the golden altar inside the Temple]. The wool from the heads of sheep, the hair from the beards of goats, and the bones, and the sinews, and the horns, and the hooves - these, while attached are brought up as it says, (Leviticus 1:9) "And the priest shall make all of it burn on the altar." Once they have been removed they are not brought up, as it says, (Deuteronomy 12:27) "And you shall make your Olot the flesh and the blood."
וְכֻלָּם שֶׁפָּקְעוּ מֵעַל גַּבֵּי הַמִּזְבֵּחַ, לֹא יַחֲזִיר. וְכֵן גַּחֶלֶת שֶׁפָּקְעָה מֵעַל גַּבֵּי הַמִּזְבֵּחַ. אֵבָרִים שֶׁפָּקְעוּ מֵעַל גַּבֵּי הַמִּזְבֵּחַ, קֹדֶם לַחֲצוֹת, יַחֲזִיר, וּמוֹעֲלִין בָּהֶן. לְאַחַר חֲצוֹת, לֹא יַחֲזִיר, וְאֵין מוֹעֲלִין בָּהֶן:
And all of the [aforementioned] which were discharged from [atop] the altar [due to the fires] are not returned [to it]. Similarly, a coal that was discharged from [atop] the altar [is not returned]. Limbs that were discharged from the altar are returned [if they fell off] before midnight, and one [is subject to] Me'ilah [misuse of consecrated property, for using] them. [If they fell off] after midnight they are not returned and one is not subject to Me'ilah [for using them].
כְּשֵׁם שֶׁהַמִּזְבֵּחַ מְקַדֵּשׁ אֶת הָרָאוּי לוֹ כָּךְ הַכֶּבֶשׁ מְקַדֵּשׁ. כְּשֵׁם שֶׁהַמִּזְבֵּחַ וְהַכֶּבֶשׁ מְקַדְּשִׁין אֶת הָרָאוּי לָהֶן, כָּךְ הַכֵּלִים מְקַדְּשִׁים. כְּלֵי הַלַּח מְקַדְּשִׁין אֶת הַלַּח, וּמִדּוֹת הַיָּבֵשׁ מְקַדְּשׁוֹת אֶת הַיָּבֵשׁ. אֵין כְּלֵי הַלַּח מְקַדְּשִׁים אֶת הַיָּבֵשׁ, וְלֹא מִדּוֹת הַיָּבֵשׁ מְקַדְּשׁוֹת אֶת הַלָּח. כְּלֵי הַקֹּדֶשׁ שֶׁנִּקְּבוּ, אִם עוֹשִׂים הֵם מֵעֵין מְלַאכְתָּן שֶׁהָיוּ עוֹשִׂין וְהֵם שְׁלֵמִים, מְקַדְּשִׁין. וְאִם לָאו, אֵין מְקַדְּשִׁים. וְכֻלָּן אֵין מְקַדְּשִׁים אֶלָּא בַקֹּדֶשׁ:
Just as the altar sanctifies that which is fitting for it, so too the ramp [leading up the altar] sanctifies. Just as the altar and the ramp sanctify those items that are fitting for them, so too do the utensils sanctify. A vessel for liquid sanctifies liquids, and a vessel for dry measure sanctifies solids. A vessel for liquid cannot sanctify solids, and a vessel for dry measure cannot sanctify liquids. [If] consecrated vessels become perforated, they [still] sanctify if they [can] serve the function they did when they were whole; if [they] cannot [serve that function], they do not sanctify. And all [utensils] only sanctify within the Temple [precincts].