5ה׳
1 א

שְׁבוּעַת הַפִּקָּדוֹן נוֹהֶגֶת בַּאֲנָשִׁים וּבְנָשִׁים, בִּרְחוֹקִים וּבִקְרוֹבִים, בִּכְשֵׁרִים וּבִפְסוּלִים, בִּפְנֵי בֵית דִּין וְשֶׁלֹּא בִּפְנֵי בֵית דִּין, מִפִּי עַצְמוֹ. וּמִפִּי אֲחֵרִים, אֵינוֹ חַיָּב עַד שֶׁיִּכְפֹּר בּוֹ בְּבֵית דִּין, דִּבְרֵי רַבִּי מֵאִיר. וַחֲכָמִים אוֹמְרִים, בֵּין מִפִּי עַצְמוֹ בֵּין מִפִּי אֲחֵרִים, כֵּיוָן שֶׁכָּפַר בּוֹ, חַיָּב. וְחַיָּב עַל זְדוֹן הַשְּׁבוּעָה וְעַל שִׁגְגָתָהּ עִם זְדוֹן הַפִּקָּדוֹן, וְאֵינוֹ חַיָּב עַל שִׁגְגָתָהּ. וּמַה חַיָּב עַל זְדוֹנָהּ, אָשָׁם בְּכֶסֶף שְׁקָלִים:

The oath of a deposit can be made by men and women, by non-relatives and by relatives, by those fit and by unfit, before a court or not before a court, by oneself and by others, he is not not liable until he denies it in court, these are the words of Rabbi Meir. The Sages say, whether it was by oneself or by others, since he denied it, he is liable. He is liable for an intentional violation of an oath and for its unintentional violation [along] with an intentional [denial] of the deposit, but he is not liable for the unintentional violation alone. What is he liable for the intentional violation? An asham [guilt offering] of silver [worth at least two] shekalim[coins].

2 ב

שְׁבוּעַת הַפִּקָּדוֹן כֵּיצַד. אָמַר לוֹ, תֶּן לִי פִקְדוֹנִי שֶׁיֵּשׁ לִי בְיָדֶךָ, שְׁבוּעָה שֶׁאֵין לְךָ בְיָדִי, אוֹ שֶׁאָמַר לוֹ אֵין לְךָ בְיָדִי, מַשְׁבִּיעֲךָ אָנִי, וְאָמַר אָמֵן, הֲרֵי זֶה חַיָּב. הִשְׁבִּיעַ עָלָיו חֲמִשָּׁה פְעָמִים, בֵּין בִּפְנֵי בֵית דִּין וּבֵין שֶׁלֹּא בִּפְנֵי בֵית דִּין, וְכָפַר, חַיָּב עַל כָּל אַחַת וְאֶחָת. אָמַר רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן, מַה טַּעַם, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁיָּכוֹל לַחֲזֹר וּלְהוֹדוֹת:

An oath of deposit, how [is it done]? He said to him, give me my deposit that you have, [the other person responds with] an oath that I do not have [what is] yours. Or he said to him, I have nothing of yours, [and he responds], I make you swear, and he said, Amen agreed, he is liable. If he caused him to swear five times, in front of a court or not in front of a court, and he denied it, he is liable for each one. Rabbi Shimon said, what is the reason? Because he is able to retract and admit.

3 ג

הָיוּ חֲמִשָּׁה תוֹבְעִין אוֹתוֹ, אָמְרוּ לוֹ תֶּן לָנוּ פִקָּדוֹן שֶׁיֵּשׁ לָנוּ בְיָדֶךָ, שְׁבוּעָה שֶׁאֵין לָכֶם בְּיָדִי, אֵינוֹ חַיָּב אֶלָּא אַחַת. שְׁבוּעָה שֶׁאֵין לְךָ בְיָדִי וְלֹא לְךָ וְלֹא לְךָ, חַיָּב עַל כָּל אַחַת וְאֶחָת. רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר אוֹמֵר, עַד שֶׁיֹּאמַר שְׁבוּעָה בָאַחֲרוֹנָה. רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן אוֹמֵר, עַד שֶׁיֹּאמַר שְׁבוּעָה לְכָל אֶחָד וְאֶחָד. תֶּן לִי פִקָּדוֹן וּתְשׂוּמֶת יָד גָּזֵל וַאֲבֵדָה שֶׁיֵּשׁ לִי בְיָדֶךָ, שְׁבוּעָה שֶׁאֵין לְךָ בְיָדִי, אֵינוֹ חַיָּב אֶלָּא אַחַת. שְׁבוּעָה שֶׁאֵין לְךָ בְיָדִי פִקָּדוֹן וּתְשׂוּמֶת יָד וְגָזֵל וַאֲבֵדָה, חַיָּב עַל כָּל אַחַת וְאֶחָת. תֶּן לִי חִטִּין וּשְׂעֹרִין וְכֻסְּמִין שֶׁיֵּשׁ לִי בְיָדֶךָ, שְׁבוּעָה שֶׁאֵין לְךָ בְיָדִי, אֵינוֹ חַיָּב אֶלָּא אַחַת. שְׁבוּעָה שֶׁאֵין לְךָ בְיָדִי חִטִּין וּשְׂעֹרִין וְכֻסְּמִים, חַיָּב עַל כָּל אַחַת וְאֶחָת. רַבִּי מֵאִיר אוֹמֵר, אֲפִלּוּ אָמַר חִטָּה וּשְׂעֹרָה וְכֻסֶּמֶת, חַיָּב עַל כָּל אַחַת וְאֶחָת:

If five [people] claimed against him, who said to him, give us our deposit that you have, [he responds with] an oath that I have nothing of yours, he is only liable once, an oath that I do not have [what is] yours, and not yours, and not yours, then he is liable for each one. Rabbi Eliezer says: until he says an oath [I swear] on the last one. Rabbi Shimon says: Until he says an oath [I swear] to each one. [If a person says] Give me my deposit or loan, stolen item, or lost item that you have, [he responds with] an oath that I do not have anything of yours, he is only liable once. An oath that I do not have your deposit, loan, stolen item, or lost item, he is liable for each one. Give me wheat, barley, and rye that is mine that you have, [he responds with] an oath that I do not have anything of yours. He is only liable once. An oath that I do not have your wheat, barley, or rye, he is liable for each one. Rabbi Meir says, even if he said, a wheat grain, a barley grain, or a rye grain, he is liable for each one.

4 ד

אָנַסְתָּ וּפִתִּיתָ אֶת בִּתִּי, וְהוּא אוֹמֵר לֹא אָנַסְתִּי וְלֹא פִתִּיתִי. מַשְׁבִּיעֲךָ אָנִי, וְאָמַר אָמֵן, חַיָּב. רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן פּוֹטֵר, שֶׁאֵינוֹ מְשַׁלֵּם קְנָס עַל פִּי עַצְמוֹ. אָמְרוּ לוֹ, אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁאֵינוֹ מְשַׁלֵּם קְנָס עַל פִּי עַצְמוֹ, מְשַׁלֵּם בּשֶׁת וּפְגָם עַל פִּי עַצְמוֹ:

You raped or seduced my daughter, and he says, I did not rape or I did not seduce, [the other says] I make you swear, and he said, Amen, he is liable. Rabbi Shimon exempts, because one does not pay a fine by one's own admission. They [the Sages] said to him, even though one does not pay a fine by by his own admission, one pays for shame and impairment by his own admission.

5 ה

גָּנַבְתָּ אֶת שׁוֹרִי, וְהוּא אוֹמֵר לֹא גָנַבְתִּי, מַשְׁבִּיעֲךָ אָנִי, וְאָמַר אָמֵן, חַיָּב. גָּנַבְתִּי אֲבָל לֹא טָבַחְתִּי וְלֹא מָכָרְתִּי, מַשְׁבִּיעֲךָ אָנִי, וְאָמַר אָמֵן, פָּטוּר. הֵמִית שׁוֹרְךָ אֶת שׁוֹרִי, וְהוּא אוֹמֵר לֹא הֵמִית, מַשְׁבִּיעֲךָ אָנִי, וְאָמַר אָמֵן, חַיָּב. הֵמִית שׁוֹרְךָ אֶת עַבְדִּי, וְהוּא אוֹמֵר לֹא הֵמִית, מַשְׁבִּיעֲךָ אָנִי, וְאָמַר אָמֵן, פָּטוּר. אָמַר לוֹ, חָבַלְתָּ בִי וְעָשִׂיתָ בִּי חַבּוּרָה, וְהוּא אוֹמֵר לֹא חָבַלְתִּי וְלֹא עָשִׂיתִי בְךָ חַבּוּרָה, מַשְׁבִּיעֲךָ אָנִי, וְאָמַר אָמֵן, חַיָּב. אָמַר לוֹ עַבְדּוֹ, הִפַּלְתָּ אֶת שִׁנִּי וְסִמִּיתָ אֶת עֵינִי, וְהוּא אוֹמֵר לֹא הִפַּלְתִּי וְלֹא סִמִּיתִי, מַשְׁבִּיעֲךָ אָנִי, וְאָמַר אָמֵן, פָּטוּר. זֶה הַכְּלָל, כָּל הַמְשַׁלֵּם עַל פִּי עַצְמוֹ, חַיָּב. וְשֶׁאֵינוֹ מְשַׁלֵּם עַל פִּי עַצְמוֹ, פָּטוּר:

You stole my ox, and he says, I did not steal it, [he says], I make you swear, and he said, Amen, he is liable. I stole, but I did not butcher or I did not sell, [he says] I make you swear, and he said, Amen, he is exempt. Your ox killed my ox, and he says, it did not kill, [he says] I make you swear, and he said,Amen, he is liable. Your ox killed my slave, and he says, it did not kill, [he says] I make you swear, and he said, Amen, he is exempt. You injured me, you wounded me, and he says, I did not injure you or I did not wound you, [he says] I make you swear, and he said,Amen, he is liable. If his slave said to him, you knocked out my tooth or you blinded my eye, and he says, I did not knock [it] out or I did not blind [you], [he says] I make you swear, and he said, Amen, he is exempt. This is the general rule, any one who pays by his own admission is liable, but one who does not pay by his own admission, he is exempt.