8ח׳
1 א

כְּלָל גָּדוֹל אָמְרוּ בַּשְּׁבִיעִית, כָּל הַמְיֻחָד לְמַאֲכַל אָדָם, אֵין עוֹשִׂין מִמֶּנּוּ מְלוּגְמָא לָאָדָם, וְאֵין צָרִיךְ לוֹמַר לַבְּהֵמָה. וְכָל שֶׁאֵינוֹ מְיֻחָד לְמַאֲכַל אָדָם, עוֹשִׂין מִמֶּנּוּ מְלוּגְמָא לְאָדָם, אֲבָל לֹא לִבְהֵמָה. וְכָל שֶׁאֵינוֹ מְיֻחָד לֹא לְמַאֲכַל אָדָם וְלֹא לְמַאֲכַל בְּהֵמָה, חָשַׁב עָלָיו לְמַאֲכַל אָדָם וּלְמַאֲכַל בְּהֵמָה, נוֹתְנִין עָלָיו חֻמְרֵי אָדָם וְחֻמְרֵי בְהֵמָה. חָשַׁב עָלָיו לְעֵצִים, הֲרֵי הוּא כְעֵצִים, כְּגוֹן הַסִּיאָה וְהָאֵזוֹב וְהַקּוֹרָנִית:

They said an important general principle with regard to the sabbatical year: Anything that is usually designated as food for humans, one may not make a poultice of it for a person. And there is no need to say [that he may not make a poultice of it] for a beast. Anything that is not usually designated as for food for humans may be used as a poultice for a person, but not for cattle. And anything not usually designated either for humans or for animals, but now he thought to use it as food for either a person or an animal, we impose upon it the stringent laws applying both to people and beasts. If he thought to use it as wood [for a fire], behold it is treated as wood [and the laws of sheviit do not apply]; for example, savory, hyssop, or thyme.

2 ב

שְׁבִיעִית, נִתְּנָה לַאֲכִילָה וְלִשְׁתִיָּה וּלְסִיכָה, לֶאֱכֹל דָּבָר שֶׁדַּרְכּוֹ לֶאֱכֹל, וְלָסוּךְ דָּבָר שֶׁדַּרְכּוֹ לָסוּךְ. לֹא יָסוּךְ יַיִן וָחֹמֶץ, אֲבָל סָךְ הוּא אֶת הַשָּׁמֶן. וְכֵן בִּתְרוּמָה וּבְמַעֲשֵׂר שֵׁנִי. קַל מֵהֶם שְׁבִיעִית, שֶׁנִּתְּנָה לְהַדְלָקַת הַנֵּר:

Sabbatical year produce may be used for food, drink and for anointing. That which is usually eaten can be used for food only; that which is usually used for anointing can be used only for anointing, and that which is usually used for drinking can be used for drink only. One may not anoint with wine and vinegar, but he may anoint with oil. So too with terumah and second tithe. Greater leniency was applied to [oil of] the seventh year, since it can be used for lamp-kindling.

3 ג

אֵין מוֹכְרִין פֵּרוֹת שְׁבִיעִית, לֹא בְמִדָּה, וְלֹא בְמִשְׁקָל, וְלֹא בְמִנְיָן, וְלֹא תְאֵנִים בְּמִנְיָן, וְלֹא יָרָק בְּמִשְׁקָל. בֵּית שַׁמַּאי אוֹמְרִים, אַף לֹא אֲגֻדּוֹת. וּבֵית הִלֵּל אוֹמְרִים, אֶת שֶׁדַּרְכּוֹ לֶאֱגֹד בַּבַּיִת, אוֹגְדִין אוֹתוֹ בַּשּׁוּק, כְּגוֹן הַכְּרֵשִׁין וְנֵץ הֶחָלָב:

Produce of the seventh year may not be sold by measure, weight or number. Neither may figs [be sold] by number, nor vegetables by weight. Bet Shammai says: they may not be sold, even in bundles. But Bet Hillel says: that which is usually tied in bundles [to bring] to the house may even be tied into bundles for the market, such as leeks and netz hahalav.

4 ד

הָאוֹמֵר לַפּוֹעֵל, הֵא לָךְ אִסָּר זֶה וּלְקֹט לִי יָרָק הַיּוֹם, שְׂכָרוֹ מֻתָּר. לְקֹט לִי בּוֹ יָרָק הַיּוֹם, שְׂכָרוֹ אָסוּר. לָקַח מִן הַנַּחְתּוֹם כִּכָּר בְּפוּנְדְּיוֹן, כְּשֶׁאֶלְקֹט יַרְקוֹת שָׂדֶה אָבִיא לָךְ, מֻתָּר. לָקַח מִמֶּנּוּ סְתָם, לֹא יְשַׁלֵּם לוֹ מִדְּמֵי שְׁבִיעִית, שֶׁאֵין פּוֹרְעִין חוֹב מִדְּמֵי שְׁבִיעִית:

If one says to a worker: “Take this issar and gather vegetables for me today,” his payment is permitted. [But if he said:] “In return for this [issar], gather vegetables for me today,” then his payment is forbidden. If one bought a loaf from a baker worth a pondion [and said:] “When I have gathered vegetables from the field, I will bring them to you,” this is permitted. If he bought it from him without any explanation, he may not pay him his debt with the value of seventh year produce, for no debt can be paid with the value of seventh year produce.

5 ה

אֵין נוֹתְנִים, לֹא לְבַיָּר, וְלֹא לְבַלָּן, וְלֹא לְסַפָּר, וְלֹא לְסַפָּן. אֲבָל נוֹתֵן הוּא לְבַיָּר לִשְׁתּוֹת. וּלְכֻלָּן, הוּא נוֹתֵן מַתְּנַת חִנָּם:

They may not pay [sheviit proceeds to] a well-digger, an attendant at a public bath, a barber, or a sailor. But he may give them to well-digger so that the well-digger will provide him with drink. To all of them he may give it as a gift.

6 ו

תְּאֵנִים שֶׁל שְׁבִיעִית, אֵין קוֹצִין אוֹתָן בְּמֻקְצֶה, אֲבָל קוֹצֶה אוֹתָם בַּחַרְבָּה. אֵין דּוֹרְכִין עֲנָבִים בַּגַּת, אֲבָל דּוֹרֵךְ הוּא בָּעֲרֵבָה. וְאֵין עוֹשִׂין זֵיתִים בַּבַּד וּבַקֹּטֶב, אֲבָל כּוֹתֵשׁ הוּא וּמַכְנִיס לַבּוֹדִידָה. רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן אוֹמֵר, אַף טוֹחֵן הוּא בְּבֵית הַבַּד וּמַכְנִיס לַבּוֹדִידָה:

Sabbatical figs may not be cut in the muktzeh, but he may cut them in an open place. Grapes may not be trodden in the wine-press, but they may be trodden in a kneading-trough. Olives may not be prepared in an olive-press or in a small olive-press, but he may crush them and bring them into a small olive-press in the field. Rabbi Shimon says: they may even be crushed in the [larger] olive-press, and then he brings them into the smaller press.

7 ז

אֵין מְבַשְּׁלִין יָרָק שֶׁל שְׁבִיעִית בְּשֶׁמֶן שֶׁל תְּרוּמָה, שֶׁלֹּא יְבִיאֶנּוּ לִידֵי פְסוּל. רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן מַתִּיר. וְאַחֲרוֹן אַחֲרוֹן, נִתְפָּשׂ בַּשְּׁבִיעִית. וְהַפְּרִי עַצְמוֹ, אָסוּר:

One may not cook sheviit vegetables in oil of terumah lest they become invalidated. But Rabbi Shimon permits it. The last thing exchanged is always subject to the sabbatical law, and the produce itself remains forbidden.

8 ח

אֵין לוֹקְחִים עֲבָדִים וְקַרְקָעוֹת וּבְהֵמָה טְמֵאָה מִדְּמֵי שְׁבִיעִית. וְאִם לָקַח, יֹאכַל כְּנֶגְדָּן. אֵין מְבִיאִין קִנֵּי זָבִים וְקִנֵּי זָבוֹת וְקִנֵּי יוֹלְדוֹת מִדְּמֵי שְׁבִיעִית. וְאִם הֵבִיא, יֹאכַל כְּנֶגְדָּן. אֵין סָכִין כֵּלִים בְּשֶׁמֶן שֶׁל שְׁבִיעִית. וְאִם סָךְ, יֹאכַל כְּנֶגְדּוֹ:

One might not buy slaves, land, or an unclean beast with sheviit money. If he did buy he must [buy and] eat [food] for their equivalent. One may not bring the bird-offerings of a zav or a zavah, or of a woman after childbirth with sheviit money. If he did bring he must [buy and] eat [food] for their equivalent. One may not anoint vessels with oil of seventh year produce. If he did annoint he must [buy and] eat [food] for their equivalent.

9 ט

עוֹר שֶׁסָּכוֹ בְּשֶׁמֶן שֶׁל שְׁבִיעִית, רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר אוֹמֵר, יִדָּלֵק. וַחֲכָמִים אוֹמְרִים, יֹאכַל כְּנֶגְדּוֹ. אָמְרוּ לִפְנֵי רַבִּי עֲקִיבָא, אוֹמֵר הָיָה רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר, עוֹר שֶׁסָּכוֹ בְשֶׁמֶן שֶׁל שְׁבִיעִית, יִדָּלֵק. אָמַר לָהֶם, שְׁתֹקוּ, לֹא אוֹמַר לָכֶם מַה שֶּׁרַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר אוֹמֵר בּוֹ:

A hide which they oiled with seventh year oil: Rabbi Eliezer says: it must be burnt; But the sages say: he must [buy and] eat [food] for its equivalent. They said in front of Rabbi Akiba: Rabbi Eliezer used to say, A hide which they smeared with seventh year oil must be burnt. He replied: Silence! I won’t tell you what Rabbi Eliezer actually said in this connection.

10 י

וְעוֹד אָמְרוּ לְפָנָיו, אוֹמֵר הָיָה רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר, הָאוֹכֵל פַּת כּוּתִים כְּאוֹכֵל בְּשַׂר חֲזִיר. אָמַר לָהֶם, שְׁתֹקוּ, לֹא אוֹמַר לָכֶם מַה שֶּׁרַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר אוֹמֵר בּוֹ:

They also said in front of him: Rabbi Eliezer use to say: “Whoever eats bread [baked] by Samaritans is like one who eats the flesh of a pig.” He replied: Silence! I won’t tell you what Rabbi Eliezer actually said in this connection.

11 יא

מֶרְחָץ שֶׁהֻסְּקָה בְּתֶבֶן אוֹ בְקַשׁ שֶׁל שְׁבִיעִית, מֻתָּר לִרְחֹץ בָּהּ. וְאִם מִתְחַשֵּׁב הוּא, הֲרֵי זֶה לֹא יִרְחֹץ:

A bathhouse that is heated with straw or stubble [grown during] the Sabbatical year, one is allowed to bath in it. But if he is an important person [whose actions will be influential], he may not bathe [in it].