10י׳
1 א

שְׁבִיעִית, מְשַׁמֶּטֶת אֶת הַמִּלְוָה בִּשְׁטָר וְשֶׁלֹּא בִשְׁטָר. הַקָּפַת הַחֲנוּת, אֵינָהּ מְשַׁמֶּטֶת, וְאִם עֲשָׂאָהּ מִלְוָה, הֲרֵי זֶה מְשַׁמֵּט. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, הָרִאשׁוֹן הָרִאשׁוֹן מְשַׁמֵּט. שְׂכַר שָׂכִיר, אֵינוֹ מְשַׁמֵּט, וְאִם עֲשָׂאוֹ מִלְוָה, הֲרֵי זֶה מְשַׁמֵּט. רַבִּי יוֹסֵי אוֹמֵר, כָּל מְלָאכָה שֶׁפּוֹסֶקֶת בַּשְּׁבִיעִית, מְשַׁמֶּטֶת, וְשֶׁאֵינָהּ פּוֹסֶקֶת בַּשְּׁבִיעִית, אֵינָהּ מְשַׁמֶּטֶת:

The sabbatical year cancels a debt written in a document or one not written in a document. A debt to a shop is not cancelled, but if it had been converted into the form of a loan, then it is cancelled. Rabbi Judah says: the former debt is always cancelled. A wage-debt to a worker is not cancelled, but if it had been converted into a loan it is cancelled. Rabbi Yose says: the [payment for] any work that must cease with the seventh year, is cancelled, but if it need not cease with the seventh year, then it is not cancelled.

2 ב

הַשּׁוֹחֵט אֶת הַפָּרָה וְחִלְּקָהּ בְּרֹאשׁ הַשָּׁנָה, אִם הָיָה הַחֹדֶשׁ מְעֻבָּר, מְשַׁמֵּט. וְאִם לָאו, אֵינוֹ מְשַׁמֵּט. הָאוֹנֵס, וְהַמְפַתֶּה, וְהַמּוֹצִיא שֵׁם רָע, וְכָל מַעֲשֵׂה בֵית דִּין, אֵין מְשַׁמְּטִין. הַמַּלְוֶה עַל הַמַּשְׁכּוֹן, וְהַמּוֹסֵר שְׁטָרוֹתָיו לְבֵית דִּין, אֵינָן מְשַׁמְּטִין:

One who slaughters a cow and divides it up on Rosh Hashanah [at the end of the seventh year]: If the month had been intercalated, [the debt] is remitted. But if it had not been intercalated, it is not remitted. [Fines for] rape, for seduction, for defamation, and all other obligations arising from legal procedure, are not remitted. One who loans and takes a pledge, and one who hands over his debt documents to a court, [these debts] are not remitted.

3 ג

פְּרוֹזְבּוּל, אֵינוֹ מְשַׁמֵּט. זֶה אֶחָד מִן הַדְּבָרִים שֶׁהִתְקִין הִלֵּל הַזָּקֵן, כְּשֶׁרָאָה שֶׁנִּמְנְעוּ הָעָם מִלְּהַלְווֹת זֶה אֶת זֶה וְעוֹבְרִין עַל מַה שֶּׁכָּתוּב בַּתּוֹרָה (דברים טו) הִשָּׁמֶר לְךָ פֶּן יִהְיֶה דָבָר עִם לְבָבְךָ בְּלִיַּעַל וְגוֹ', הִתְקִין הִלֵּל לַפְּרוֹזְבּוּל:

[A loan secured by] a prozbul is not cancelled. This was one of the things enacted by Hillel the elder; for when he observed people refraining from lending to one another, and thus transgressing what is written in the Torah, “Beware, lest you harbor the base thought, [‘The seventh year, the year of remission, is approaching,’ so that you are mean to your needy kinsman and give him nothing.” Hillel enacted the prozbul.

4 ד

זֶהוּ גוּפוֹ שֶׁל פְּרוֹזְבּוּל. מוֹסֵר אֲנִי לָכֶם אִישׁ פְּלוֹנִי וּפְלוֹנִי הַדַּיָּנִים שֶׁבְּמָקוֹם פְּלוֹנִי, שֶׁכָּל חוֹב שֶׁיֶּשׁ לִי, שֶׁאֶגְבֶּנּוּ כָּל זְמַן שֶׁאֶרְצֶה. וְהַדַּיָּנִים חוֹתְמִין לְמַטָּה, אוֹ הָעֵדִים:

This is the formula of the prozbul: “I turn over to you, so-and-so, judges of such and such a place, that any debt that I may have outstanding, I shall collect it whenever I desire.” And the judges sign below, or the witnesses.

5 ה

פְּרוֹזְבּוּל הַמֻּקְדָּם, כָּשֵׁר, וְהַמְאֻחָר, פָּסוּל. שִׁטְרֵי חוֹב הַמֻּקְדָּמִים, פְּסוּלִים, וְהַמְאֻחָרִים, כְּשֵׁרִים. אֶחָד לֹוֶה מֵחֲמִשָּׁה, כּוֹתֵב פְּרוֹזְבּוּל לְכָל אֶחָד וְאֶחָד. חֲמִשָּׁה לֹוִין מֵאֶחָד, אֵינוֹ כוֹתֵב אֶלָּא פְּרוֹזְבּוּל אֶחָד לְכֻלָּם:

A pre-dated prozbul is valid, but a post-dated one, is invalid. Pre-dated loan documents [of loans] are invalid, but post-dated one valid. If one borrows from five persons, then he writes a separate prozbul for each [creditor]. But if five borrow from the same person, then he writes only one prozbul for them all.

6 ו

אֵין כּוֹתְבִין פְּרוֹזְבּוּל אֶלָּא עַל הַקַּרְקַע. אִם אֵין לוֹ, מְזַכֶּה הוּא בְּתוֹךְ שָׂדֵהוּ כָּל שֶׁהוּא. הָיְתָה לוֹ שָׂדֶה מְמֻשְׁכֶּנֶת בָּעִיר, כּוֹתְבִין עָלֶיהָ פְּרוֹזְבּוּל. רַבִּי חֻצְפִּית אוֹמֵר, כּוֹתְבִין לָאִישׁ עַל נִכְסֵי אִשְׁתּוֹ, וְלַיְתוֹמִים עַל נִכְסֵי אַפּוֹטְרוֹפִּין:

A prozbul is written only for [a debt secured by] land. But if [the debtor] has none, then [the creditor] can give him title to a share, however small, of his own field. If he had land in pledge in a city, a prozbul can be written on it. Rabbi Hutzpit says: a prozbul may be written for a man on the security of his wife's property, or for an orphan on the security of property belonging to his guardian.

7 ז

כַּוֶּרֶת דְּבוֹרִים, רַבִּי אֱלִיעֶזֶר אוֹמֵר, הֲרֵי הִיא כְקַרְקַע, וְכוֹתְבִין עָלֶיהָ פְּרוֹזְבּוּל, וְאֵינָהּ מְקַבֶּלֶת טֻמְאָה בִּמְקוֹמָהּ, וְהָרוֹדֶה מִמֶּנָּה בְּשַׁבָּת חַיָּב. וַחֲכָמִים אוֹמְרִים, אֵינָהּ כְּקַרְקַע, וְאֵין כּוֹתְבִין עָלֶיהָ פְּרוֹזְבּוּל, וּמְקַבֶּלֶת טֻמְאָה בִּמְקוֹמָהּ, וְהָרוֹדֶה מִמֶּנָּה בְּשַׁבָּת, פָּטוּר:

A bee-hive:Rabbi Eliezer says: Behold, it is like land and a prozbul may be written [using it as security] and it is not susceptible to uncleanness while it remains in its place, and one who takes honey from it on Shabbat is liable. But the sages say: it is not like land, a prozbul may not be written [using it as security], it is susceptible to uncleanness while in its place, and one who takes honey from it on Shabbat is exempt.

8 ח

הַמַּחֲזִיר חוֹב בַּשְּׁבִיעִית, יֹאמַר לוֹ מְשַׁמֵּט אָנִי. אָמַר לוֹ אַף עַל פִּי כֵן, יְקַבֵּל מִמֶּנּוּ, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (דברים טו) וְזֶה דְּבַר הַשְּׁמִטָּה. כַּיּוֹצֵא בוֹ, רוֹצֵחַ שֶׁגָּלָה לְעִיר מִקְלָט וְרָצוּ אַנְשֵׁי הָעִיר לְכַבְּדוֹ, יֹאמַר לָהֶם, רוֹצֵחַ אָנִי. אָמְרוּ לוֹ, אַף עַל פִּי כֵן, יְקַבֵּל מֵהֶם, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (שם יט) וְזֶה דְּבַר הָרוֹצֵחַ:

One who returns a debt [after] the seventh year, the [creditor] must say to [the debtor]: “I remit it.” But [the debtor] should say: “Even so [I will repay it].” [The creditor] may then accept it from him, because it says: “And this is the word of the release” (Deuteronomy 15:2). Similarly, when [an accidental] killer has been exile to a city of refuge, and the citizens want to honor him, he must say to them: “I am a murderer.” If they say: “Even so, [we want to honor you], then he may accept [the honor] from them, because it says: “And this is the word of the murderer” (Deuteronomy 19:4).

9 ט

הַמַּחֲזִיר חוֹב בַּשְּׁבִיעִית, רוּחַ חֲכָמִים נוֹחָה מִמֶּנּוּ. הַלֹּוֶה מִן הַגֵּר שֶׁנִּתְגַּיְּרוּ בָנָיו עִמּוֹ, לֹא יַחֲזִיר לְבָנָיו. וְאִם הֶחֱזִיר, רוּחַ חֲכָמִים נוֹחָה מִמֶּנּוּ. כָּל הַמִּטַּלְטְלִין, נִקְנִין בִּמְשִׁיכָה. וְכָל הַמְקַיֵּם אֶת דְּבָרוֹ, רוּחַ חֲכָמִים נוֹחָה מִמֶּנּוּ:

One who repays his debts after the seventh year, the sages are pleased with him. One who borrows from a convert whose sons had converted with him, the debt need not be repaid to his sons, but if he returns it the sages are pleased with him. All movable property can be acquired [only] by the act of drawing, but whoever fulfills his word, the sages are well pleased with him.