9ט׳
1 א

אָמַר רַבִּי עֲקִיבָא, מִנַּיִן לַעֲבוֹדַת כּוֹכָבִים שֶׁמְּטַמְּאָה בְמַשָּׂא כַּנִּדָּה, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (ישעיה ל) תִּזְרֵם כְּמוֹ דָוָה, צֵא תֹּאמַר לוֹ, מַה נִּדָּה מְטַמְּאָה בְמַשָּׂא, אַף עֲבוֹדָה זָרָה מְטַמְּאָה בְמַשָּׂא:

Rabbi Akiva said: From where [do we know that the carrying of] an idol imparts impurity like the carrying of a Niddah [a woman who has menstruated and is thereby impure] does? Because it states, "You shall cast them away as a menstruous woman, you shall say to it [the idol] get away from here," (Yeshaya 30:22). Just as the carrying of a menstruous woman imparts impurity, so does the carrying of an idol impart impurity.

2 ב

מִנַּיִן לִסְפִינָה שֶׁהִיא טְהוֹרָה, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (משלי ל) דֶּרֶךְ אֳנִיָּה בְלֶב יָם. מִנַּיִן לַעֲרוּגָה שֶׁהִיא שִׁשָּׁה עַל שִׁשָּׁה טְפָחִים שֶׁזּוֹרְעִין בְּתוֹכָהּ חֲמִשָּׁה זֵרְעוֹנִין, אַרְבָּעָה בְאַרְבַּע רוּחוֹת הָעֲרוּגָה וְאֶחָד בָּאֶמְצַע, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (ישעיה סא) כִּי כָאָרֶץ תּוֹצִיא צִמְחָהּ וּכְגַנָּה זֵרוּעֶיהָ תַצְמִיחַ, זַרְעָהּ לֹא נֶאֱמַר, אֶלָּא זֵרוּעֶיהָ:

From where [do we know] that a ship is not subject to impurity [literally: is pure]? Because it states, "The way of a ship in the midst of the sea," (Mishlei 30:19). From where [do we know] that in a garden-bed that is six hand-breadths by six hand-breadths, one may sow five [different kinds of] seeds - four [kinds] on the four sides of the garden-bed, and one in the middle? Because it states, "For as the earth brings forth her growth and as the garden causes the things grown in it to blossom," (Yeshaya 61:11). The text does not say, "its seed" but "the things grown in it."

3 ג

מִנַּיִן לְפוֹלֶטֶת שִׁכְבַת זֶרַע בַּיּוֹם הַשְּׁלִישִׁי שֶׁהִיא טְמֵאָה, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (שמות יט) הֱיוּ נְכוֹנִים לִשְׁלשֶׁת יָמִים. מִנַּיִן שֶׁמַּרְחִיצִין אֶת הַמִּילָה בַיּוֹם הַשְּׁלִישִׁי שֶׁחָל לִהְיוֹת בְּשַׁבָּת, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (בראשית לד) וַיְהִי בַיּוֹם הַשְּׁלִישִׁי בִּהְיוֹתָם כֹּאֲבִים. מִנַּיִן שֶׁקּוֹשְׁרִין לָשׁוֹן שֶׁל זְהוֹרִית בְּרֹאשׁ שָׂעִיר הַמִּשְׁתַּלֵּחַ, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (ישעיה א) אִם יִהְיוּ חֲטָאֵיכֶם כַּשָּׁנִים כַּשֶּׁלֶג יַלְבִּינוּ:

From where [do we know] that a woman who expels semen on the third day [after coition] is impure? Because it states, "And be ready after three days," (Shemot 19:15). From where [do we know] that we bathe a circumcised [infant] on the third day [following the circumcision, even if it] falls on Shabbat? Because it states, "And it came to pass on the third day when they were in pain," (Bereishit 34:25). From where [do we know] that we tie a red thread on the head of the goat that is sent away [as part of the Yom Kippur ritual]? Because it states, "Though your sins be as scarlet they shall become white as snow," (Yeshaya 1:18).

4 ד

מִנַּיִן לְסִיכָה שֶׁהִיא כַשְּׁתִיָּה בְיוֹם הַכִּפּוּרִים, אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁאֵין רְאָיָה לַדָּבָר, זֵכֶר לַדָּבָר, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (תהלים קט) וַתָּבֹא כַמַּיִם בְּקִרְבּוֹ וְכַשֶּׁמֶן בְּעַצְמוֹתָיו:

From where [do we know] that anointing [one's body] is [as forbidden] as drinking on Yom Kippur? Although there is no proof [to support] the matter, there is an allusion to the matter [for it is written], "Let it come into his innards like water, and like oil into his bones," (Tehilim 109:18).

5 ה

הַמּוֹצִיא עֵצִים, כְּדֵי לְבַשֵּׁל בֵּיצָה קַלָּה. תְּבָלִין, כְּדֵי לְתַבֵּל בֵּיצָה קַלָּה, וּמִצְטָרְפִין זֶה עִם זֶה. קְלִפֵּי אֱגוֹזִים, קְלִפֵּי רִמּוֹנִים, אִסְטִיס וּפוּאָה, כְּדֵי לִצְבֹּעַ בָּהֶן בֶּגֶד קָטָן בַּסְּבָכָה. מֵי רַגְלַיִם, נֶתֶר וּבֹרִית, קִמּוֹנְיָא וְאַשְׁלָג, כְּדֵי לְכַבֵּס בָּהֶן בֶּגֶד קָטָן בַּסְּבָכָה. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, כְּדֵי לְהַעֲבִיר עַל הַכָּתֶם:

[One is liable if he carries out] sufficient wood to cook a light egg; sufficient spices to season a light egg; and [different types of spices can be] added together [to reach the minimum measurement]. Sufficient nut-shells, pomegranate peels, woad, and madder to dye a small garment like a cap. Sufficient urine, nitre, lye, Cimolian earth, or potash to cleanse a small garment like a cap. Rabbi Yehudah says: Enough to cover [a blood] stain.

6 ו

פִּלְפֶּלֶת, כָּל שֶׁהוּא. וְעִטְרָן, כָּל שֶׁהוּא. מִינֵי בְשָׂמִים וּמִינֵי מַתָּכוֹת, כָּל שֶׁהֵן. מֵאַבְנֵי הַמִּזְבֵּחַ וּמֵעֲפַר הַמִּזְבֵּחַ, מֶקֶק סְפָרִים וּמֶקֶק מִטְפְּחוֹתֵיהֶם, כָּל שֶׁהוּא, שֶׁמַּצְנִיעִין אוֹתָן לְגָנְזָן. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, אַף הַמּוֹצִיא מִמְּשַׁמְּשֵׁי עֲבוֹדַת כּוֹכָבִים, כָּל שֶׁהוּא, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (דברים יג) וְלֹא יִדְבַּק בְּיָדְךָ מְאוּמָה מִן הַחֵרֶם:

[One is liable if he carries out] the smallest quantity of pepper, or pitch-extract of the smallest quantity; the smallest quantity of any kind of spice or any kind of metal. [One is liable if he carries out] the smallest quantity of stones from the altar or earth from the altar, worm-eaten books, or worm-eaten covers of sefarim [books of the Tanach written in holiness, on parchment, and used for personal or public study, or for reading aloud in public. Sometimes the intent is specifically Torah scrolls], because people store these [things] away to bury them. Rabbi Yehudah says: [One is] also [liable if] he carries out the smallest quantity of idolatry accessories because it states, "And nothing of the accursed thing shall cleave to your hand," (Devarim 13:18).

7 ז

הַמּוֹצִיא קֻפַּת הָרוֹכְלִין, אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁיֶּשׁ בָּהּ מִינִין הַרְבֵּה, אֵינוֹ חַיָּב אֶלָּא חַטָּאת אֶחָת. זֵרְעוֹנֵי גִנָּה, פָּחוֹת מִכַּגְּרוֹגֶרֶת. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה בֶּן בְּתֵירָא אוֹמֵר, חֲמִשָּׁה. זֶרַע קִשּׁוּאִין, שְׁנַיִם. זֶרַע דְּלוּעִין, שְׁנַיִם. זֶרַע פּוֹל הַמִּצְרִי, שְׁנַיִם. חָגָב חַי טָהוֹר, כָּל שֶׁהוּא. מֵת, כַּגְּרוֹגֶרֶת. צִפֹּרֶת כְּרָמִים, בֵּין חַיָּה בֵּין מֵתָה, כָּל שֶׁהוּא, שֶׁמַּצְנִיעִין אוֹתָהּ לִרְפוּאָה. רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר, אַף הַמּוֹצִיא חָגָב חַי טָמֵא, כָּל שֶׁהוּא, שֶׁמַּצְנִיעִין אוֹתוֹ לְקָטָן לִשְׂחֹק בּוֹ:

[If] one carries out a merchant's box he is only liable for one Chattat [an offering brought to expiate sin] even though there are many kinds [of spices] therein. [One is liable if he carries out even] less than a dried fig's amount of garden seeds. Rabbi Yehudah ben Beteira says: [He is liable if he carries out] five [seeds]. [One is liable if he carries out] two cucumber seeds, [or] two pumpkin seeds, [or] two Egyptian bean seeds. [One is liable if he carries out] any amount of a pure [kosher] live locust [or] a dried fig's worth of dead [kosher locust]. [One is liable if he carries out] the smallest quantity of a vineyard-bird whether it is alive or dead, since people store it for medicine. Rabbi Yehudah says: [One is] also [liable if] he carries out the smallest quantity of an impure [non-kosher] live locust, since people store it for a child to play with.